George & Dragon
|Newton shown within Derbyshire|
|Population||4,163 for Blackwell Parish (Census 2001)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||123 mi (198 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Newton is the commonest placename in England, there being 87 in total.
In the same region are:
- Newton Solney, near Burton-on-Trent
- Newtown, Derbyshire, near New Mills
- Newton Grange, near Alsop en le Dale
- Newton, Greater Manchester, near Hyde
- Newton, Nottinghamshire, near East Bridgford
- Newton, Doncaster, in South Yorkshire.
Newton is one of the four villages (wards) that make up the civil parish of Blackwell – the other villages being Blackwell, Hilcote, and Westhouses. The Parish Council has twelve members across the four wards and meets monthly.
The shire district of Bolsover is part of the shire county of Derbyshire. The parish is represented by one councillor on Derbyshire County Council, although the electoral division covers South Normanton East and Tibshelf as well as Blackwell.
Blackwell civil parish forms part of the Bolsover parliamentary constituency. The MP currently (2010) is Dennis Skinner, who was elected MP in the 1970 general election. He has held the seat ever since.
Some of the main events in Newton's history are listed in the table below, in date order. The final column provides the source of the information about each event.
|1085||Domesday Book records "Blackwelle and Neutone Leuric with Levenot".|||
|1577||First record of George & Dragon ale house.|||
|1754||Jedediah Strutt invented "Derby Rib" process for cloth manufacture.||See Notable People section.|
|1839||Tithe map shows that Newton was an agricultural settlement based around the junction of Cragg Lane, Hall Lane and Alfreton Road, with the Old Hall as the central focus with farmsteads located around it.|||
|1851||Census shows that 48 framework knitters are employed in Newton. Before the coming of the deep mines in 1868, coal-mining was done on a relatively small scale and the Blackwell area was better known as a centre for domestic framework knitting of hosiery.|||
|1868||The Babbington Colliery Company opened the first deep mine at Tibshelf "Bottom Pit". This gave rise to new housing at Sherwood Street, Bamford Street, Main Street and New Street.|| and|
|1872||Blackwell Colliery Company opened A Winning Colliery (off Fordbridge Lane). In 1875, it opened another colliery at B Winning (at Hilcote). By 1933, A Winning had 1340 employees and B Winning 727 employees. The Colliery Company also had pits at Shirland, Alfreton and Sutton.|||
|1886||Opening of Tibshelf & Newton railway station.|||
|1893||Opening of Great Central Railway line.|||
|1894||Blackwell Parish Council first meeting.|||
|1902||Post office opens.|||
|1904||Primitive Methodist Chapel opens. This superseded the chapel on the opposite side of Main Street – see entry for 1898 above.|||
|1908||George H. Widdows, Derbyshire Chief Architect. Widdows was nationally acknowledged as a leading and influential designer of schools in the early twentieth century. By the time Widdows retired in 1936, he had designed some sixty elementary and seventeen secondary schools in Derbyshire. Much of the original Newton School building remains but there have been multiple alterations over the years, especially at the south end following fire damage.|| and|
|1908||First police officer stationed in Newton on Wire Lane.|||
|1911||Gas main laid to Newton.|||
|1911||The "Coronation Palace" picture house opened.|||
|1919||Church hall (now Community Centre) opened.|||
|1920||First bus services.|||
|1926||Coronation Palace closes.|||
|1930||Work began on constructing Whiteborough Reservoirs. Built on part of an Iron Age fort, the waterworks at the top of Newtonwood Lane (to the east of Newton village) is the water supply point for the parish of Blackwell (includes Newton). Known as Whiteborough Reservoirs, they were constructed by Eastwoods of Warsop. In October 1930, the Ministry of Health sanctioned a loan of £160,000 for a joint scheme for the benefit of Ault Hucknall, Blackwell, Glapwell, Pinxton, Pleasley, Scarcliffe, Shirebrook, South Normanton, Tibshelf and Upper Langwith. Work began in December 1930 and, on completion, each reservoir held 525,000 gallons of water. The water is pumped from Budby in Nottinghamshire to Stoney Houghton, then on to the reservoirs. To increase the supply, further reservoirs were added later.|||
|1933||Tibshelf Bottom Pit closed.|||
|1937||Picture House re-opens as "The Metro".|||
|1950||Building of "Charwood Crescent" housing estate.|||
|1963||Closure of Tibshelf Town railway station.|||
|1966||Closure of Great Central Railway line.|||
|1967||Opening of M1 motorway.|||
|1969||Building of "Hallfield Road" housing estate (170 dwellings).|||
|1986||Pavilion opened on sports field.|||
|1989||Opening of Five Pits Trail.||Five Pits Trail|
|1992||Closure of Silverhill Colliery and associated rail link to Westhouses.|||
|1998||Opening of Tibshelf motorway services.|||
|2002||Designation of Newton Conservation Area. A conservation area is defined as "an area of special architectural or historic interest the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance". In Newton, the historic core of the village is considered to be a good local example of a turn-of-the twentieth-century agricultural settlement and has been largely unaltered in spite of post-war expansion. The area designated as a conservation area in 2002 is centred around the Hall Lane and Cragg Lane area.|||
|2013||Publication of proposed route of HS2 (high speed railway from London to Leeds). The route passes through the parish of Blackwell, just to the east of Newton and the M1 motorway.|||
|2013||Planning permission granted for 49 dwellings at "Newton Fields" (off of Thurgaton Way). Planning permission was granted for a further 40 dwellings at "Newton Fields" in 2015.|| and|
Shops and Services over the years
The table below shows how the number of shops and services in Newton has varied over the years. It is interesting to note that, in the early 1900s, Newton was almost self-sufficient. The number of shops in each category is shown in brackets.
|General store & beer-off||General store (9)||General store (3)||General store (3)|
|Post office & general store||Post office & general store||Post office & general store||Post office & general store||Post office & general store|
|General Dealer||General Dealer|
|Carter (2)||Fly proprietor|
|Shoe repairer||Boot repairer||Shoe repairer|
|Co-op (butchers, grocery, drapery)||Co-op (butchers, grocery, drapery)|
|Butcher (2)||Butcher (2)||Butcher|
|Hairdresser (4)||Hairdresser (3)||Hairdresser (2)|
|Public house (2)||Public house (2)||Public house (3)||Public house (2)|
|Institute & club||Billiard hall|
|Glass & china dealer|
|Chip shop (2)||Chip shop|
|Garage (repairs & petrol)||Garage (repairs)|
Lie of the Land
Newton village centre (war memorial) is 160 metres above mean sea level, rising north-eastwards to 204 metres at the top of Newtonwood Lane (Whiteborough Hill) and dropping south-westwards to 144 metres at South Street. Newton is drained by small watercourses on both the east and west sides. Both watercourses eventually reach the River Amber at Oakerthorpe.
Most of Newton lies on the Pennine Middle Coal Measures Formation bedrock. This is a mix of mudstone, siltstone, sandstone and coal seams. The sandstone was used as a building material, especially during the pre-industrial era. The presence of coal accounts for the growth of the population in Newton during the industrial era. The mudstone enabled many of the local collieries (including Blackwell) to manufacture their own bricks. To the east, Newton is overlooked by two Nottinghamshire hills, Whiteborough Hill and Strawberry Bank, that are capped by dolomitic limestone of the Cadeby Formation.
- Newton has a primary school on Hall Lane, providing education for children in the age range 4 to 11.
- As regards secondary education, Newton is in the catchment area of Tibshelf School, which caters for the 11 to 16 age range.
Places of Worship
The only church actually in Newton is the Methodist Church on Main Street. The nearest Anglican church is St Werburgh's at Old Blackwell. Of the original late 12th-century church, there remains but one pillar, in Transitional style, preserved on the inner face of the north wall. The tower dates from an 1828 rebuild, while the rest of the church is of 1878. In the porch is the stump of a Saxon cross.
For a village of its size, Newton is fairly well-served by leisure facilities. These include:
- Children's playgrounds at Bamford Street, South Street and Town Lane.
- Sports field off Charnwood Crescent, including a multi-use games area.
- Allotments off Newtonwood Lane and South Street.
- Group meetings at Community Centre, including Old Peoples Club and Women's Institute.
- Carnival events several times a year.
- Film showings at the Community Centre ("Cinema Newton") during the winter months.
Newton is on the B6026 road, which effectively provides a link between the villages south-east of Chesterfield and junction 28 of the M1. The M1 passes immediately to the east of Newton, although there is no direct access to the motorway. The Tibshelf motorway service area has two service entries (northbound and southbound) onto Newtonwood Lane.
As at February 2015, there are commercial bus services during the daytime on weekdays to Alfreton (2-per-hour), Chesterfield (hourly) and Mansfield (hourly). There are evening and Sunday services to Alfreton and Mansfield but these run less frequently and are subsidised by Derbyshire County Council.
Footpaths and Trails
Newton is linked to neighbouring villages by road-side pavements and public footpaths. Newton is close to the junction of the Five Pits Trail with the Silverhill Trail, which provide longer-distance recreational routes.
Jedediah Strutt- one of the key people in the Industrial Revolution, has links with Newton. He was particularly involved in the development of mechanised clothing production, setting up mills in Belper and Milford that became the prototype for mills all over the world. Although it is certain that he was born, lived and worked in the Newton area, there is some confusion over exact locations:
- Jedediah was born into a farming family in 1726 either in South Normanton or Newton.
- In 1754 Jedediah Strutt inherited his uncle's farm stock in Blackwell.
- Strutt's father (William) was a tenant of Newton Old Hall (on Cragg Lane). Jedediah is said to have worked on his revolutionary stocking frame at the hall.
- In 1754, Jedediah is said to have lived "where the old folk's bungalows are now in Main Street".
- Jedediah Strutt married Elizabeth Woollat 25 September 1755 at Blackwell.
- Jedediah died in 1797 and was buried in Belper.
- "Placenames of England". www.archive.org. p. 33. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- "Contact Information". Blackwell Parish Council. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Councillors". Bolsover District Council. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Councillors". Derbyshire County Council. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- The Parish and Parish Council of the Parish of Blackwell by E. Storer, 1994, registered at Stationer's Hall No B9/1200-37196.
- Craven, Maxwell; Stanley, Michael (1982). The Derbyshire Country House. Derbyshire Museum Service. ISBN 0-906753-01-5.
- "Newton Conservation Area appraisal and management plan" (PDF). Bolsover District Council. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Framework Knitting article by Dudley Fowkes published in the Blackwell Parish Council Magazine Spring 2013 Edition.
- "platty at North Wingfield". platty. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Bulletin of the PDMHS, Volume 12, number 6, Winter 1995" (PDF). Peak District Mines Historical Society. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- Anderson, P. Howard (1973). Forgotten Railways: The East Midlands. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-6094-9.
- "Derbyshire Heritage Environment Record". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- Stone inscription above west window.
- Article "Memories of Newton from 1938" by George Hounsell published in the St Werburghs Parish Magazine of October 2010
- "Tibshelf Co-op Branches". Tibshelf Parish Council. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Newton Picture House article by A Cooke published in the Blackwell Parish Council Magazine Spring 2013 Edition.
- Article "A Bit of History – Parish Water Supply" by A Cooke published in the Blackwell Parish Council Magazine Christmas Edition 2011
- "the Motorway Archive". Peter Hewitt. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Newton Village". Derbyshire UK. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Hardy, Clive (2010). When Coal Was King. Derbyshire Times. ISBN 978-1-84547-240-5.
- "BBC News". BBC. 5 March 2004. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "M1 Tibshelf". Motorway Service Area Trivia. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Silverhill Trail". Mountain Bike Trails. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- ARUP. "HS2 Proposed Route Map" (PDF). Department of Transport. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- "Newton Fields 2013 Planning Approval." (PDF). Bolsover District Council. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "Newton Fields 2015 Planning Approval.". Bolsover District Council. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "Decision Letter re Post Office Move" (PDF). Royal Mail. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- "Kellys Directory 1912". www.historicaldirectories.org. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- St Werburgh's Parish Magazine October 2010, article by George Hounsell.
- Sheet 269 Chesterfield & Alfreton (Map) (A2 (2010) ed.). Ordnance Survey.
- Sheet 112 Chesterfield (Map) (2012 ed.). British Geological Society.
- "Oldminer-Bricks". Oldminer. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Newton Primary School". Directgov. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Tibshelf School". Directgov. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Newton Methodist Church". Derby Church Net. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Blackwell St Werburgh's Church". Derby Church Net. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Blackwell St Werburgh's Church". Derbyshire Churches. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Newton Community Association" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Newton Carnival Committee". Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Jedediah Strutt". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- "Jedediah Strutt". Derbyshire UK. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- "Timeline". Spinning Down The Derwent. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
- "Blackwell". Derbyshire UK. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Jedediah Strutt
- "Sophie Baggaley signs new contract with Blues Ladies". Birmingham City Footbal Club. 25 January 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
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