Newton, Georgia

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Newton, Georgia
Newton City Hall
Newton City Hall
Location in Baker County and the state of Georgia
Location in Baker County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 31°19′0″N 84°20′22″W / 31.31667°N 84.33944°W / 31.31667; -84.33944Coordinates: 31°19′0″N 84°20′22″W / 31.31667°N 84.33944°W / 31.31667; -84.33944
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyBaker
Area
 • Total3.0 sq mi (7.8 km2)
 • Land2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
141 ft (43 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total654
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
588
 • Density225/sq mi (86.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
31770, 39870
Area code(s)229
FIPS code13-55244[2]
GNIS feature ID0332502[3]

Newton is a city in Baker County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 654.[4] The city is the county seat of Baker County.[5]

History[edit]

Newton was founded in 1837. That same year, the seat of Baker County was transferred to Newton from Byron.[6]

There are several properties in Newton listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Baker County Courthouse (Georgia), Notchaway Baptist Church and Cemetery, and Pine Bloom Plantation.

Geography[edit]

Newton is located at 31°19′0″N 84°20′22″W / 31.31667°N 84.33944°W / 31.31667; -84.33944 (31.316804, -84.339549).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), of which 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 3.50%, is water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18603,225
1870145−95.5%
188016715.2%
1900329
191036410.6%
19203773.6%
193051737.1%
1940514−0.6%
1950503−2.1%
19605295.2%
197062418.0%
198071113.9%
1990703−1.1%
200085121.1%
2010654−23.1%
Est. 2016588[1]−10.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

According to the census of 2000, there were 851 people, 320 households, and 228 families residing in the city. The population density was 292.7 people per square mile (112.9/km²). There were 346 housing units at an average density of 119.0 per square mile (45.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.60% White, 53.94% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.94% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.00% of the population.

There were 320 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 28.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,563, and the median income for a family was $27,386. Males had a median income of $30,417 compared to $17,885 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,832, and About 27.4% of families and 28.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.3% of those under age 18 and 18.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

There is one K-12 school building for the Baker County School System. It is located on State Route 37 and was named Baker County Elementary/Middle School in 2001. The old school building that housed the students near the courthouse was built in the late 1960s and named East Baker School. It served the local black population during segregation, and now houses the East Baker Historical Society and 21st Century Community Corporation. The high school was returned to Newton for the 2007-2008 school year. From 1980 to 2007, the high school students traveled from Newton to Camilla for high school, formerly Mitchell-Baker High School. The old building is now used for the Baker County Headstart Center. The new gym for Baker County Schools was expected to be completed in 2009.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Newton city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 241. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

External links[edit]