|United States Senator|
March 4, 1875 – March 4, 1881
|Preceded by||John S. Hager|
|Succeeded by||John Miller|
|11th Governor of California|
December 8, 1871 – February 27, 1875
|Preceded by||Henry Huntly Haight|
|Succeeded by||Romualdo Pacheco|
|Born||December 30, 1825|
Salem, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||July 14, 1892 (aged 66)|
Sacramento, California, U.S.
|Education||DePauw University (BA)|
Newton Booth (December 30, 1825 – July 14, 1892) was an American entrepreneur and politician.
Born in Salem, Indiana, he attended the common schools. In 1841, his parents Beebe and Hannah Booth moved from Salem to Terre Haute, Indiana. Newton graduated from Asbury University, later renamed DePauw University, in nearby Greencastle, Indiana. He studied law in Terre Haute and was admitted to the bar in 1850.
In 1850, he moved to California, where he temporarily engaged in the wholesale grocery business at Sacramento. He made his fortune as a saloon keeper. He returned to Terre Haute in 1857 and engaged in the practice of law with future U.S. Congressman Harvey D. Scott until 1860, when he returned to Sacramento, and again engaged in mercantile pursuits.
Booth was elected to the California State Senate in 1862, serving in 1863, and was the eleventh governor of California from December 8, 1871, to February 27, 1875, when he resigned, having been elected to the United States Senate.
Elected as an Anti-Monopolist, he served as a Senator from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881; he was not a candidate for reelection in 1880. During his time in the Senate, he served as chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Manufacturers and the U.S. Senate Committee on Patents, both during the 45th Congress. In 1876, the Greenback Party nominated him for Vice President of the United States on the ticket with Peter Cooper. However, Booth declined the nomination and Samuel F. Cary replaced him. As of 2021, Booth remains the only senator from California who served as a member of a third party.
Sacramento's Newton Booth neighborhood was named for him.
He was the uncle of author Booth Tarkington, son of his sister Elizabeth Booth, who was raised in Terre Haute. He married his business partner's widow Octavine C. Glover (1833-1907) on February 9, 1892.
- Self Guided Tour (PDF). Historic City Cemetery, Inc. January 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 9, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- City of Sacramento - Newton Booth Neighborhood Association City of Sacramento
- United States Congress. "Newton Booth (id: B000630)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.