Newton Booth

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Newton Booth
Newton Booth - Brady-Handy.jpg
United States Senator
from California
In office
March 4, 1875 – March 4, 1881
Preceded byJohn S. Hager
Succeeded byJohn Miller
11th Governor of California
In office
December 8, 1871 – February 27, 1875
LieutenantRomualdo Pacheco
Preceded byHenry Huntly Haight
Succeeded byRomualdo Pacheco
Personal details
Born(1825-12-30)December 30, 1825
Salem, Indiana, U.S.
DiedJuly 14, 1892(1892-07-14) (aged 66)
Sacramento, California, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Anti-Monopoly (1874)
Greenback (1876)
Spouse(s)Octavine Glover
EducationDePauw University (BA)

Newton Booth (December 30, 1825 – July 14, 1892) was an American entrepreneur and politician.

Booth Gravesite

Early life[edit]

Born in Salem, Indiana, he attended the common schools. In 1841, his parents Beebe and Hannah Booth moved from Salem to Terre Haute, Indiana. Newton graduated from Asbury University, later renamed DePauw University, in nearby Greencastle, Indiana. He studied law in Terre Haute and was admitted to the bar in 1850.


In 1850, he moved to California, where he temporarily engaged in the wholesale grocery business at Sacramento. He made his fortune as a saloon keeper. He returned to Terre Haute in 1857 and engaged in the practice of law with future U.S. Congressman Harvey D. Scott until 1860, when he returned to Sacramento, and again engaged in mercantile pursuits.

Booth was elected to the California State Senate in 1862, serving in 1863, and was the eleventh governor of California from December 8, 1871, to February 27, 1875, when he resigned, having been elected to the United States Senate.

Elected as an Anti-Monopolist, he served as a Senator from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881; he was not a candidate for reelection in 1880. During his time in the Senate, he served as chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Manufacturers and the U.S. Senate Committee on Patents, both during the 45th Congress. In 1876, the Greenback Party nominated him for Vice President of the United States on the ticket with Peter Cooper. However, Booth declined the nomination and Samuel F. Cary replaced him. As of 2021, Booth remains the only senator from California who served as a member of a third party.

After serving in Congress, he returned to his wholesale mercantile business in Sacramento where he died in 1892. He is interred in Sacramento Historic City Cemetery.[1]

Sacramento's Newton Booth neighborhood was named for him.[2]


He was the uncle of author Booth Tarkington, son of his sister Elizabeth Booth, who was raised in Terre Haute. He married his business partner's widow Octavine C. Glover (1833-1907) on February 9, 1892.


  1. ^ Self Guided Tour (PDF). Historic City Cemetery, Inc. January 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 9, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
  2. ^ City of Sacramento - Newton Booth Neighborhood Association City of Sacramento
Party political offices
Preceded by Republican nominee for Governor of California
Succeeded by
New political party Greenback nominee for Vice President of the United States

Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Governor of California
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. Senator (Class 1) from California
Served alongside: Aaron Sargent, James T. Farley
Succeeded by

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website