Newton County, Indiana

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Newton County, Indiana
Newton County Courthouse in Kentland
Newton County Courthouse in Kentland
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°57′N 87°24′W / 40.950°N 87.400°W / 40.950; -87.400Coordinates: 40°57′N 87°24′W / 40.950°N 87.400°W / 40.950; -87.400
Country United States
State Indiana
OrganizedFebruary 7, 1835
Abolished1839
Re-organizedDecember 8, 1859
Named forSgt. John Newton
County seatKentland
Largest townKentland
(population and total area)
Incorporated
Municipalities
Government
 • TypeCounty
 • BodyBoard of Commissioners
 • CommissionerKyle Conrad (1st)
 • CommissionerTimothy Drenth (2nd)
 • CommissionerMickey Read (3rd)
Area
 • County403.44 sq mi (1,044.9 km2)
 • Land401.76 sq mi (1,040.6 km2)
 • Water1.68 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Metro
10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
 • Rank43rd largest county in Indiana
 • Region2,726 sq mi (7,060 km2)
Elevation
692 ft (211 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • County14,244
 • Estimate 
(2018)
14,011
 • Rank82nd largest county in Indiana
2,165th largest county in U.S.[1]
 • Density35.5/sq mi (13.7/km2)
 • Region
819,537
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (Central)
ZIP Codes
46310, 46349, 46381, 47922, 47942-43, 47948, 47951, 47963, 47978
Area code219
Congressional district4th
Indiana Senate district6th
Indiana House of Representatives districts15th and 19th
FIPS code18-111
GNIS feature ID0450376
Interstate and U.S. RoutesI-65.svg US 24.svg US 41.svg US 52.svg
State RoutesIndiana 10.svg Indiana 14.svg Indiana 16.svg Indiana 55.svg Indiana 71.svg Indiana 114.svg
AirportKentland Municipal
WaterwaysIroquois RiverKankakee River
Websitewww.newtoncounty.in.gov
  • Indiana county number 56
  • Second county in Indiana to bear this name
  • Youngest county in Indiana
Demographics (2010)[2]
Demographic Proportion
White 96.2%
Black 0.4%
Asian 0.3%
Islander 0.0%
Native 0.3%
Other 2.8%
Hispanic
(any race)
5.0%

Newton County is a county located near the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 14,244. This county is part of Northwest Indiana as well as the Chicago metropolitan area.[3] The county seat is Kentland.[4] The county is divided into 10 townships which provide local services.[5][6]

History[edit]

The original Newton County was formed by statute on February 7, 1835, and was a roughly square area some 30 miles on a side, encompassing what is now the northern half of the county, the northern half of Jasper County, and a large section to the north. The northern border was cut back to the Kankakee River on February 1, 1836, with all land north of the Kankakee River going to Lake and Porter counties. The county was abolished and combined with Jasper County in 1839. On December 8, 1859, the county was re-created and the borders were redrawn to essentially their current state.

Newton County is named after Sgt. John Newton, who served under Gen. Francis Marion (the "Swamp Fox") in the American Revolutionary War. It is adjacent to Jasper County, which was named after Sgt. William Jasper, whose story is similar. At least four other states, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri and Texas, have adjacent Jasper and Newton Counties, as though these two were remembered as a pair.[7]

Upon its re-creation, Newton County was the last of Indiana's 92 counties to be organized.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 403.44 square miles (1,044.9 km2), of which 401.76 square miles (1,040.6 km2) (or 99.58%) is land and 1.68 square miles (4.4 km2) (or 0.42%) is water.[8]

Newton County is the site of the Kentland crater, a probable meteorite impact crater located between Kentland and Goodland.

J.C. Murphy Lake is at the center of Willow Slough Fish and Wildlife Area.

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

The municipalities in Newton County, and their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

The 10 townships of Newton County, with their housing units as of the 2010 Census, are:

Climate and weather[edit]

Kentland, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
1.8
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.6
 
 
36
18
 
 
2.8
 
 
48
29
 
 
3.4
 
 
61
38
 
 
4.1
 
 
73
50
 
 
4.5
 
 
82
60
 
 
4
 
 
85
63
 
 
3.7
 
 
83
60
 
 
3.3
 
 
78
53
 
 
2.8
 
 
65
41
 
 
3.2
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

In recent years, average temperatures in Kentland have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, with a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.60 inches (41 mm) in February to 4.51 inches (115 mm) in June.[9]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana and the Indiana Code. The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all spending and revenue collection. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms and are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes and service taxes.[10][11]

The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue and managing day-to-day functions of the county government.[10][11]

The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[11]

The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and be residents of the county.[11]

Each of the townships has a trustee who administers rural fire protection and ambulance service, provides poor relief and manages cemetery care, among other duties.[6] The trustee is assisted in these duties by a three-member township board. The trustees and board members are elected to four-year terms.[12]

Newton County is part of Indiana's 4th congressional district. It is part of Indiana Senate district 6[13] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 15 and 19.[14]

United States presidential election results for Newton County, Indiana[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,942 74.78% 1,509 22.83% 158 2.39%
2016 4,077 70.35% 1,404 24.23% 314 5.42%
2012 3,291 58.02% 2,212 39.00% 169 2.98%
2008 3,301 54.53% 2,625 43.36% 128 2.11%
2004 3,757 64.24% 2,032 34.75% 59 1.01%
2000 3,250 58.98% 2,101 38.13% 159 2.89%
1996 2,075 43.14% 1,897 39.44% 838 17.42%
1992 2,295 42.95% 1,757 32.88% 1,292 24.18%
1988 3,274 65.02% 1,744 34.64% 17 0.34%
1984 3,560 68.54% 1,596 30.73% 38 0.73%
1980 3,850 66.81% 1,649 28.61% 264 4.58%
1976 3,204 58.44% 2,236 40.78% 43 0.78%
1972 3,771 75.00% 1,252 24.90% 5 0.10%
1968 3,145 61.75% 1,453 28.53% 495 9.72%
1964 2,780 52.06% 2,547 47.70% 13 0.24%
1960 3,517 65.12% 1,870 34.62% 14 0.26%
1956 3,890 74.49% 1,316 25.20% 16 0.31%
1952 4,159 74.79% 1,373 24.69% 29 0.52%
1948 3,312 68.36% 1,483 30.61% 50 1.03%
1944 3,398 67.91% 1,583 31.63% 23 0.46%
1940 3,536 62.32% 2,116 37.29% 22 0.39%
1936 2,937 54.31% 2,430 44.93% 41 0.76%
1932 2,380 46.65% 2,654 52.02% 68 1.33%
1928 3,053 64.48% 1,649 34.83% 33 0.70%
1924 2,705 60.37% 1,523 33.99% 253 5.65%
1920 3,129 64.37% 1,664 34.23% 68 1.40%
1916 1,377 47.58% 1,278 44.16% 239 8.26%
1912 892 34.12% 965 36.92% 757 28.96%
1908 1,645 56.47% 1,190 40.85% 78 2.68%
1904 1,803 62.22% 951 32.82% 144 4.97%
1900 1,715 57.45% 1,165 39.03% 105 3.52%
1896 1,545 55.64% 1,204 43.36% 28 1.01%
1892 1,191 52.49% 879 38.74% 199 8.77%
1888 1,283 57.66% 860 38.65% 82 3.69%


Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602,360
18705,829147.0%
18808,16740.1%
18908,8037.8%
190010,44818.7%
191010,5040.5%
192010,144−3.4%
19309,841−3.0%
194010,7759.5%
195011,0062.1%
196011,5024.5%
197011,6060.9%
198014,84427.9%
199013,551−8.7%
200014,5667.5%
201014,244−2.2%
2018 (est.)14,011[16]−1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
1790-1960[18] 1900-1990[19]
1990-2000[20] 2010-2013[3]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,244 people, 5,503 households, and 3,945 families residing in the county.[21] The population density was 35.5 inhabitants per square mile (13.7/km2). There were 6,030 housing units at an average density of 15.0 per square mile (5.8/km2).[8] The racial makeup of the county was 96.2% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.8% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.0% of the population.[21] In terms of ancestry, 30.4% were German, 16.9% were Irish, 11.0% were English, 8.1% were Polish, 7.6% were Dutch, and 6.5% were American.[22]

Of the 5,503 households, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families, and 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 42.4 years.[21]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $60,242. Males had a median income of $45,389 versus $29,891 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,055. About 4.8% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.[23]

Education[edit]

Public schools in Newton County are administered by two districts:

High Schools and Middle Schools

Elementary Schools

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • George Pence and Nellie C. Armstrong (1933). Indiana Boundaries: Territory, State, and County. Indiana Historical Society.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USA Counties in Profile". STATS Indiana. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
  2. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, Table DP-1, 2010 Demographic Profile Data. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  3. ^ a b "Newton County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  4. ^ "Find a County – Newton County, IN". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on December 11, 2017. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  5. ^ "Newton". Indiana Township Association. Archived from the original on June 2, 2009. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Duties". United Township Association of Indiana. Retrieved January 6, 2011.
  7. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. pp. 581.
  8. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Kentland, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  10. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". Government of Indiana. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  11. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). Government of Indiana. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  12. ^ "Government". United Township Association of Indiana. Retrieved January 6, 2011.
  13. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
  14. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  16. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  17. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  18. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  19. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  20. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  21. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  22. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  23. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.

External links[edit]