Newton County, Texas
|Newton County, Texas|
The Newton County Courthouse
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||John Newton|
|• Total||940 sq mi (2,435 km2)|
|• Land||934 sq mi (2,419 km2)|
|• Water||6.1 sq mi (16 km2), 0.6%|
|• Density||15/sq mi (6/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Newton County is the easternmost county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 14,445. Its county seat is Newton. The county is named for John Newton, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War.
- U.S. Highway 190
- State Highway 12
- State Highway 62
- State Highway 63
- State Highway 87
- Recreational Road 255
Adjacent counties and parishes
- Sabine County (north)
- Vernon Parish, Louisiana (northeast)
- Beauregard Parish, Louisiana (east)
- Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana (southeast)
- Orange County (south)
- Jasper County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,072 people, 5,583 households, and 4,092 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 7,331 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.84% White, 20.69% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. 3.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,583 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 104.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,500, and the median income for a family was $34,345. Males had a median income of $31,294 versus $17,738 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,381. About 15.50% of families and 19.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.40% of those under age 18 and 17.30% of those age 65 or over.
Newton County was once one of the most Democratic leaning counties in East Texas and the Deep South altogether. The county voted for the Democratic candidate in every election since Texas first participated in 1848 (excluding the 1860, 1864, and 1868 elections when Texas had seceded). Even when Republicans Herbert Hoover and Dwight D. Eisenhower carried Texas in 1928, 1952, and 1956 respectively, Newton County remained firmly Democrat.
The Democratic streak in Newton County was ended in 1968 when American Independent Party candidate George Wallace narrowly won the county with 42.6% of the vote against Democrat Hubert Humphrey's 41.7%. President Richard Nixon in 1972 became the first Republican to ever win the county in an election with 54% of the vote against Democrat George McGovern's 45.4%. After 1972, the county returned to voting Democrat, surviving the landslide elections of Republicans Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush in 1980, 1984, and 1988 respectively. In fact, Newton County was Walter Mondale's strongest county in East Texas in the 1984 election, winning 60.6% of the vote, and one of only 4 in the region to vote for him. Michael Dukakis in 1988 remains the last Democratic presidential candidate to win over 60% of the vote in the county.
Since 1992, the Democratic percentage in Newton County has decreased in every election, cumulating in Al Gore's narrow win in 2000 with 50.16% against Governor George W. Bush's 48.56%. As of 2016, Gore remains the last Democrat to win the county's votes in a presidential election. Since 2004, the Republican candidate has comfortably carried the county in every election, with Bush winning 55.42% in 2004, John McCain winning 65.51% in 2008, and Mitt Romney winning 70.06% in 2012.
- Newton (county seat)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Newton County, Texas.|
- Newton County government's website
- Newton County Public Health District The Public Health District Website for Newton County.
- Newton County from the Handbook of Texas Online
||Sabine County||Vernon Parish, Louisiana|
|Jasper County||Beauregard Parish, Louisiana|
|Orange County||Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana|