Newton Morton

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Newton E. Morton
Newton Ennis Morton.jpg
Born(1929-12-21)December 21, 1929
Camden, New Jersey, United States
DiedFebruary 7, 2018(2018-02-07) (aged 88)
ResidenceSouthampton, England
NationalityAmerican
EducationHopkins High School
Alma materUniversity of Hawaii
University of Wisconsin- Madison
Known forFounder of the field of genetic epidemiology
Children5
AwardsWilliam Allan Award (1962)
Scientific career
FieldsGenetic epidemiology
InstitutionsAtomic Bomb Casualty Commission
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
University of Southampton
InfluencesJames F. Crow and Sewall Wright

Newton Ennis Morton (21 December 1929 – 7 February 2018) was an American population geneticist and one of the founders of the field of genetic epidemiology.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Morton was born in Camden, New Jersey.[2] When he was three months old, his family moved to New Haven, Connecticut. His interest in science started at an early age, when he would collect butterflies, thinking he wanted to be an entomologist. Morton attended Hopkins School, later transferring to Swarthmore College for two years. He lost enthusiasm for entomology, so instead he decided to pursue a career in genetics after being inspired by Dobzhansky's book, Genetics and the Origin of Species.[3]

After marrying a woman from Hawaii, Morton decided to attend the University of Hawaii to earn a BA in Zoology, finishing his degree in 1951. He completed a thesis on Drosophila at the University of Wisconsin, but he was more interested in the work of James F. Crow and Sewall Wright. Morton then worked with Crow on the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission in Japan during 1952–1953. This inspired him to pursue a career in human genetics. He earned a PhD in genetics from the University of Wisconsin in 1955.[3]

Academic career[edit]

Morton's career began in Japan, working on the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. He researched the effect of exposure to atomic bombs, including the effect on first-generation offspring. He published papers on the linkage of blood groups with diseases,[4] nonrandomness of consanguineous marriage[5] and the inheritance of human birth weight.[6] In 1955–1956, Morton was made a National Cancer Institute Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Wisconsin. He worked at the university, first as an assistant professor in 1956, later becoming an associate professor in 1960 for two years.[3] At the university, Morton conducted a study of over 180,000 births.[7]

In 1962, Morton won the William Allan Award for his contribution in the field of human genetics.[8] In that same year, he set up the department of genetics. After realizing that the department was no longer tenable due to administrative problems, he instead decided to set up the Population Genetics Laboratory at Hawaii in 1954. He was appointed director of the facility and stayed there for 21 years. He left Hawaii in 1985 and spent two years at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City as the head of the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics.[3] In 1988, Morton acquired a position as professor and director of the Cancer Research Campaign Research Group in Genetic Epidemiology at the University of Southampton.[9][10] In 1999, a book on the recent advances of genetic epidemiology was published in honor of his 70th birthday.[11] He was a Senior Professional Fellow in Human Genetics from 1995 until 2011. Morton retired from the University of Southampton in April 2011 due to age and Alzheimer's-related health problems.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Morton was married to his second wife, Professor Patricia Jacobs, for over 40 years. Morton has five children and seven grandchildren with his first wife.[3]

He died on 7 February 2018 at the age of 88.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morton, N. E. (1982). Outline of Genetic Epidemiology. New York: Karger. ISBN 3-8055-2269-X.
  2. ^ "Academia Brasileira de Ciências". www.abc.org.br. Archived from the original on 2015-07-30. Retrieved 2015-07-29.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Rao, D. C. (2013-02-01). "A Conversation With Professor Newton Ennis Morton". Genetic Epidemiology. 37 (2): 131–135. doi:10.1002/gepi.21695. ISSN 1098-2272.
  4. ^ Fujii, T.; Moloney, W. C.; Morton, N. E. (1955-03-01). "Data on linkage of ovalocytosis and blood groups". American Journal of Human Genetics. 7 (1): 72–75. ISSN 0002-9297. PMC 1716568. PMID 14361396.
  5. ^ Morton, By NEWTON E. (1955-11-01). "Non-Randomness in Consanguineous Marriage*". Annals of Human Genetics. 20 (2): 116–124. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1809.1955.tb01361.x. ISSN 1469-1809.
  6. ^ Morton, By NEWTON E. (1955-11-01). "The Inheritance of Human Birth Weight*". Annals of Human Genetics. 20 (2): 125–134. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1809.1955.tb01362.x. ISSN 1469-1809.
  7. ^ "Genetics of Interracial Crosses in Hawaii - Table of Contents - Karger Publishers". www.karger.com. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
  8. ^ "A late response to the first William Allan memorial award: seven years of human genetics =" (PDF). www.ashg.org. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
  9. ^ "Genetic Epidemiology & Genomic Informatics Academic Units | Medicine | University of Southampton". www.southampton.ac.uk. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
  10. ^ Crow, James Franklin; Dove, William F. (2000-01-01). Perspectives on Genetics: Anecdotal, Historical, and Critical Commentaries, 1987-1998. Univ of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 9780299166045.
  11. ^ "Recent Advances in Genetic Epidemiology Published in Honor of Professor Newton Morton's 70th Birthday: Published in Honor of Professor Newton E. Morton's 70th Birthday. : J. Ott, T. Lehner : 9783805569842". www.bookdepository.com. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  12. ^ Sherman, Stephanie L.; Rao, D.C.; Keats, Bronya J.; Yee, Shirley; Spence, M. Anne; Hassold, Terry J.; Chakravarti, Aravinda; Elston, Robert C.; Crolla, John A. (June 2018). "Newton E. Morton (1929–2018)". The American Journal of Human Genetics. 102 (6): 1011–1017. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.05.005. ISSN 0002-9297.