Newton Tony

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Newton Tony
River Bourne at Newton Tony 2 - geograph.org.uk - 1736077.jpg
River Bourne at Newton Tony
Newton Tony is located in Wiltshire
Newton Tony
Newton Tony
Location within Wiltshire
Population381 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSU216404
Civil parish
  • Newton Tony
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSALISBURY
Postcode districtSP4
Dialling code01980
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
WebsiteVillage
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°09′43″N 1°41′31″W / 51.162°N 1.692°W / 51.162; -1.692Coordinates: 51°09′43″N 1°41′31″W / 51.162°N 1.692°W / 51.162; -1.692

Newton Tony (formerly Newton Toney) is a rural English village and civil parish in the county of Wiltshire, close to the border with Hampshire. Situated in the Bourne Valley, Newton Tony is about 9 miles (14 km) north-east of its post town, Salisbury. It is the site of Wilbury House, a 17th-century mansion designed by William Benson.

History[edit]

The Port Way Roman road crossed the parish to the southeast.[2] Newton Tony was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Newentone[3] and the settlement was assessed as having an area of seven carucates (ploughlands) of land.[2] It was held by Alfred of Marlborough. A church had been built by the 12th century.[2]

The village was the birthplace of the pioneering travel writer Celia Fiennes (1662–1741).[4] A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built in 1877 and closed in 1981.[5]

Until the late 20th century the name of the village and parish was Newton Toney.[6]

Governance[edit]

Like most of Wiltshire, Newton Tony is governed locally by Wiltshire Council, a unitary authority. The parish forms part of the ward of Bulford, Allington and Figheldean. In the 2013 election, as in 2009, the ward elected one councillor: Conservative politician John Smale.[7]

Newton Tony is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of the constituency of Salisbury. It elects one MP by the first past the post system of election. Since the 2010 general election, Salisbury has been represented at Parliament by Conservative MP John Glen.[8] The parish is also part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament.

Geography[edit]

Newton Tony is approximately 9 miles (14 km) north-east of its post town, Salisbury, about 30 miles (48 km) north-west of Southampton and about 40 miles (64 km) south-east of Bath. Nearby towns and villages include Cholderton, Allington, Amesbury and Grateley.

Newton Tony lies in the valley of the River Bourne, which cuts through the village.[2]

Landmarks[edit]

Wilbury House is an 18th-century house designed by William Benson. The house has been designated a Grade I listed building by English Heritage,[9] and a combined summer house and ice house in the grounds, from the same date, is designated Grade II*.[10]

The parish church of St Andrew was built in 1844 to a design by Thomas Henry Wyatt and David Brandon. It is a flint church, with a steeple, and has been designated a Grade II listed building.[11]

The former rectory was built for Reverend John Akins in 1778, in Flemish brick on a stone plinth.[12]

The former Wesleyan Chapel, now a private home, dates from 1877.[citation needed]

Railways[edit]

In 1857 the London and South Western Railway company opened its line from Andover to Milford station at Salisbury, which crosses the parish south-east of Newton Tony village, parallel to the Port Way. The railway remains in use as part of the West of England Main Line; the nearest station is Grateley, some 3 miles (5 km) east of Newton Tony village.

The Amesbury and Military Camp Light Railway, opened in 1902, connected with the main line near Newton Tony and carried largely military goods and passengers to Amesbury, extending later to Bulford, Larkhill and Rollestone. This line closed to passengers in 1952 and to goods in 1963, after which the track was dismantled.

Newton Tony railway station[edit]

The station was on the 1902 line, west of the village and to the south of the Allington road, and was the only intermediate station on the military line to Amesbury. There were two platforms, a goods siding and a cattle yard.[13]

Amenities[edit]

Newton Tony C of E Primary School serves the village and neighbouring communities. The school was opened in the 1950s, on the same site as a National School built in 1857 which was destroyed by fire. Land for the school was given by Sir Alexander Malet.[14]

The village has a recreation ground and village hall. The village pub, the Malet Arms, is a building from the early 18th century.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 15 pp143-153 – Parishes: Newton Tony". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Newton Tony, Wiltshire – 70r Great Domesday Book", DocumentsOnline, The National Archives, retrieved 16 August 2011
  4. ^ "June 7th 1662. Birth of Celia Fiennes". History Today LXII/6, June 2012, p. 9.
  5. ^ "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Newton Tony". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 maps of Great Britain, sheet SU24". National Library of Scotland. 1958. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  7. ^ Election Candidate Details, Wiltshire Council, 12 April 2010, retrieved 16 August 2011
  8. ^ "John Glen", UK Parliament website, Parliament of the United Kingdom, retrieved 7 January 2016
  9. ^ Historic England. "Wilbury House (1300348)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Summer House at Wilbury House (1313163)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Andrew (1135699)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Old Rectory (1184164)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  13. ^ Oakley, Mike (2004). Wiltshire Railway Stations. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press. p. 95. ISBN 1904349331.
  14. ^ "Newton Tony Church of England VC Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  15. ^ Historic England. "Malet Arms (1184127)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 January 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Newton Tony at Wikimedia Commons