Newtown, Powys

Coordinates: 52°30′48″N 3°18′51″W / 52.5132°N 3.3141°W / 52.5132; -3.3141
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Newtown
Newtown town centre
Newtown is located in Powys
Newtown
Newtown
Location within Powys
Population11,362 (2021)
OS grid referenceSO115915
Community
Principal area
Preserved county
  • Powys
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWTOWN
Postcode districtSY16
Dialling code01686
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
Websitewww.newtown.org.uk
List of places
UK
Wales
Powys
52°30′48″N 3°18′51″W / 52.5132°N 3.3141°W / 52.5132; -3.3141

Newtown (Welsh: Y Drenewydd) is a town in Powys, Wales. It lies on the River Severn in the community of Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn, within the historic boundaries of Montgomeryshire. It was designated a new town in 1967 and saw population growth as firms settled, changing its market town character. Its 2001 population of 10,780 rose to 11,357 in the 2011 census, and rose again to 11,362 in the 2021 census.[2][3]

Newtown was the birthplace of Robert Owen in 1771, whose house stood on the present site of the HSBC Bank.[4] The town has a theatre, Theatr Hafren,[5] and a public gallery, Oriel Davies, displaying contemporary arts and crafts.[6] It is the largest town in Powys and Mid Wales.

Etymology[edit]

Both the English and Welsh names for the town mean "new town", the Welsh version with addition of the definite article.[7][8]

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

During the early medieval period a hamlet named Llanfair-yng-Nghedewain lay within the area that is now Newtown.[9] Its original Welsh name is derived from being situated near a River Severn ford below the Long Bridge and close to the church of St Mary in Bettws Cedewain.[10]

The area came to the attention of the English Crown in the 13th century when Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Prince of Wales, created a new administrative centre (Welsh: cantref) at Dolforwyn Castle near Abermule following the Treaty of Montgomery between himself and Henry III. Llywelyn had the castle built to consolidate the land he had been given according to the treaty. However, it was not long after the death of Henry III in 1272 that tension arose with the English at their outpost of Montgomery Castle in the Welsh Marches. This led Edward I to seize and capture Dolforwyn Castle in 1277. He then granted Llywelyn's lands to the powerful Marcher Lord, Roger Mortimer, who transferred the administration of the cantref of Cedewain and the commote of Ceri from Dolforwyn Castle to a new settlement he planned to build further down the valley at Newtown. The town's market charter was granted in 1279.[11][12]

With the subjugation of the Welsh completed by 1282, Newtown was developed as an English plantation town as part of Edward I's policy known as the Ring of Iron.[12]

Industrialisation[edit]

Newtown street scene c.1890

The town grew in the 18th and 19th centuries around the textile and flannel industry, stimulated by completion of the Montgomeryshire Canal. In 1838, the town saw Wales's first Chartist demonstration.

The Cambrian Mills, opened in 1856, were the first steam-driven mills in Newtown.[13] The mills stood beside the canal terminus on the east bank of the Severn.[14] They expanded to become the largest of the Welsh woollen mills.[13] However, by the end of the 19th century the Newtown mills were no longer competitive with those in the north of England.[13] There was a disastrous fire in 1910 and another in 1912, after which the Cambrian Mills were not rebuilt.[14] Thereafter Newtown was no longer an important centre of the woollen industry and many workers moved elsewhere.[15] Newtown hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1965. In 1967, the town was designated a new town. It saw a large population growth as firms and people settled, changing its rural market town character.

Population[edit]

The population of Newtown in 2001 was 10,780, and increased to 11,347 in 2011. The census of 2021 recorded 11,362 people.[2]

Governance[edit]

There are two tiers of local government covering Newtown, at community (town) and county level: Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn Town Council (often abbreviated to Newtown Town Council) and Powys County Council.[16]

The two parishes of Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn were governed by a single local board from 1866.[17] Such local boards became urban district councils under the Local Government Act 1894, and the Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn Urban District Council went on to govern the town from 1894 until 1974.[18] In 1974 all urban districts were abolished under the Local Government Act 1972, with most of Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn Urban District Council's functions passing to Montgomeryshire District Council. At the same time a community was established covering the area of the former urban district, with its council taking the name Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn Town Council.[19] Further local government reorganisation took place across Wales in 1996, when Montgomeryshire District Council was abolished and its functions passed to Powys County Council.[20]

The Town Council has 16 elected members serving five-year terms, and employs a staff of about ten.[21] It deals mainly with green spaces and public facilities, and as a representative voice for Newtown. The Council Chair or Mayor, elected by the councillors, has been Councillor John Byrne since May 2022.

The community is represented on Powys County Council by five county councillors, each representing a ward: Newtown Central, Newtown East, Newtown Llanllwchaiarn West, Newtown Llanllwchaiarn West and Newtown South.[19]

Geography[edit]

Newtown lies about 8 miles (13 km) from the Wales-England border, in the narrow valley of the River Severn, which restricts development north and south of the town. It is surrounded by small villages, often referred to collectively as the Newtown area. The Newtown post town area, including the villages, has a population approaching 16,000.[citation needed] The villages include Aberhafesp, Adfa, Bettws Cedewain, Bwlch-y-ffridd, Cefn-gwyn, Dolfor, Glanmule, Kerry, Llanllwchaiarn, Llanwyddelan, Mochdre, New Mills, Pentre, Rhydlydan, Sarn and Tregynon.[22]

Buildings and monuments[edit]

The Baptist Chapel

Built by Pryce Pryce-Jones, the Pryce Jones Royal Welsh Warehouse remains the tallest building in Newtown. The two towering structures housed the world's first mail order service depot.[23]

Bear Lanes, the town's main shopping centre, has a Tudor-style entrance. The building was once a hotel, The Bear, which contributes to the centre's appearance today.

The Robert Owen Museum is on the ground floor of the council offices in Brisco House, Broad Street.[24] A statue of Robert Owen was erected in 1956 in a park off Shortbridge Street and Gas Street. A replica of this was later erected in Manchester.[25]

The Free Library building designed by the architect Frank Shayler of Shrewsbury was built in 1902. The Baptist Chapel, dating from 1881, is a fine example of nonconformist architecture from that period. The Back Lane drill hall was completed in 1897.[26]

Theatres, museums and galleries[edit]

  • Theatr Hafren – a 555-seat venue[5]
  • Powys Theatre – home of the Newtown Amateur Dramatic Society[27]
  • Robert Owen Museum
  • Textile Museum[28]
  • W H Smith Museum (above the shop)[29]
  • Oriel Davies – largest visual arts venue in the region[6]

Transport[edit]

Newtown's station is on the Cambrian Line served by Transport for Wales. Trains run about once in two hours.

Local bus services in and around the town are operated by local, privately owned companies: Tanat Valley Coaches, Minsterley Motors, and Owen's Travelmaster. Newtown has one National Express bus per day in each direction, to Aberystwyth and to London. Newtown has one TrawsCymru route to Cardiff and a TrawsCymru Connect to Machynlleth and to Wrexham. Two major roads meet at Newtown: the A483 from Swansea to Chester and the A489 from Machynlleth to Craven Arms. The bypass to the south of Newtown opened on 14 February 2019, having been planned since 1949.[30]

The Montgomery Canal terminated in Newtown. After its closure in 1944, the Newtown section was sold for building land, but it gave its name to Canal Road and Lower Canal Road.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns - sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Robert Owen, 1834

Sport[edit]

Sports[edit]

Newtown A.F.C. is Newtown's association football club, and a founding member of the Welsh Premier League in 1992. The club was founded in 1875 as Newtown White Stars and won the Welsh FA Cup in 1879 and 1895.[32] It also entered the qualifying stages of the UEFA Cup on three occasions. The club plays at Latham Park. This has a capacity of 5,000 (1,750 seated) and a full UEFA licence, allowing under-21 international games and European games to be played. In 2007, another 250-seat stand was built next to the media gantry. Further developments are planned.[33]

Newtown RFC is the town's rugby union club, established in 1925. It currently fields first, second, third, youth and junior teams.[34]

Newtown has facilities for lawn bowls,[35] cricket,[36] golf,[37] /Club Site and for tennis.[38] A basketball club, the Newtown Titans was set up in 2005, before being reconstituted as Mid-Wales Basketball Club in 2009.[39]

Education[edit]

The Newtown schools are Ysgol Cedewain (special needs), Ladywell Green (ages 4–7), Hafren Junior (7–11), Ysgol Dafydd Llwyd (4–11), St Mary's (4–11), Penygloddfa (4–11), Maesyrhandir (4-11), Treowen (4–11), and Newtown High School and Sixth Form (11–18). The last recently received an outstanding Estyn inspection report in October 2015, praising many features, including teacher/sixth-form pupil relations and school support for a wide range of post-16 vocational and academic subjects. As of 2011, it was proposed that Newtown High School, along with several other schools in Powys, should merge with another county high school, as part of Powys County Council's secondary school and post-16 modernisation programme.[40]

In popular culture[edit]

In the stop motion animated series Fireman Sam, the fictional town of Pontypandy is within driving distance to Newtown as the characters on the show often go on outings there, usually for shopping or the cinema, and often being driven there and back by Trevor Evans the bus driver. Firefighter Penny Morris originally lived in Newtown, but later moved to Pontypandy to serve alongside the firemen there.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Newtown".
  2. ^ a b City Population site. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  3. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Newtown BUA (W37000100)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  4. ^ Biography Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  5. ^ a b Theatre site Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b Gallery site Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  7. ^ Mills, A. D. (2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198527589.
  8. ^ "Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru".
  9. ^ "Recorded name: Newtown (Llanfair-yn-Nghedewain),Newtown". historicplacenames.rcahmw.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2023.
  10. ^ Jones, D (November 2007). "Old town, Newtown". About Wales. Civic Trust for Wales.
  11. ^ "Newtown". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 7 September 2023.
  12. ^ a b "Newtown". britainexpress.com. Retrieved 7 September 2023.
  13. ^ a b c Newtown Local History Group (28 February 2014), Newtown Through Time, Amberley Publishing Limited, p. 144, ISBN 978-1-4456-1701-5, retrieved 31 March 2016
  14. ^ a b Waiters, Mark (March 2003), An historical and archaeological study of the industrial heritage of Newtown, Powys, Mid Wales, Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust, Curatorial Section, p. 16, retrieved 31 March 2016
  15. ^ Cowey, Carolyn (2016), Pryce-Jones: Pioneer of the Mail Order Industry, BBC, retrieved 31 March 2016
  16. ^ "Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn Town Council". Retrieved 30 September 2022. Newtown Town Council
  17. ^ "No. 23137". The London Gazette. 13 July 1866. p. 3986.
  18. ^ "Newtown and Llanllwchaearn Urban District". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  19. ^ a b "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  20. ^ "Local Government (Wales) Act 1994", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1994 c. 19, retrieved 30 September 2022
  21. ^ Town Council information
  22. ^ SY16 postcode information
  23. ^ "Pryce Jones and the Royal Welsh Warehouse". Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  24. ^ Penrose, Naomi (8 March 2017). "Plans to transform Newtown Council HQ". Shropshire Star. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  25. ^ Official site [1] Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  26. ^ "Newtown". The Drill Hall Project. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  27. ^ Society site Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  28. ^ Museum site Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  29. ^ Lonely Planet Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  30. ^ "Town's bypass opens after 70-year wait". BBC News. 14 February 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  31. ^ "Owen, Robert" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 20 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 395.
  32. ^ Wales – List of Cup Finals
  33. ^ Official site Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  34. ^ Club site Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  35. ^ Club site Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  36. ^ Club site Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  37. ^ Retrieved 16 August 2023.
  38. ^ Club site Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  39. ^ Basketball site Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  40. ^ Powys CC plans Retrieved 15 September 2018.

External links[edit]