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|Welsh: Y Drenewydd|
Newtown town centre
Newtown shown within Powys
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Mid and West Wales|
Newtown (Welsh: Y Drenewydd) is the largest town in the county of Powys, Wales. It had a population of 12,783 in 2001, falling to 11,357 at the 2011 census. Lying on the River Severn, within the historic boundaries of Montgomeryshire, the town is best known as the birthplace of Robert Owen in 1771 His former house stood on what is now the site of the HSBC Bank. The Robert Owen Museum is across the road, occupying the ground floor of the council offices. Newtown is also the home of Theatr Hafren and of Oriel Davies, a major public gallery, which displays national and international contemporary art and craft.
Newtown was founded at the end of the 13th century when Edward I of England commissioned Roger de Montgomerie to construct a centre for the hamlet of Llanfair-yng-Nghedewain. It was situated near the ford on the River Severn, below the Long Bridge and around the church of St Mary in Bettws Cedewain. This gave Newtown its original Welsh name. The foundation is intimately connected to the fate of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Prince of Wales, whose new administrative centre at Dolforwyn Castle near Abermule so alarmed Edward I that it was besieged. He seized Llywelyn's lands and granted them to the Mortimers. They transferred the administration of the cantref of Cedewain and the commote of Ceri from Dolforwyn Castle to the new settlement at Newtown.
The town grew in the 18th and 19th centuries around the textile and flannel industry, stimulated by the completion of the Montgomeryshire Canal. In 1838, the town saw Wales' first Chartist demonstration.
The town was designated as a "new town" in 1967. It has seen a large population growth as companies and people have settled, changing the rural market town character. Newtown hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1965.
Newtown is about 8 miles (13 km) from the Wales-England border, in the narrow valley of the river Severn which restricts development north and south of the town. Newtown is surrounded by small villages often referenced as the Newtown area. The Newtown post town area, including surrounding villages, has a population approaching 16,000. These villages include Aberhafesp, Adfa, Bettws Cedewain, Bwlch-y-ffridd, Cefn-gwyn, Dolfor, Glanmule, Kerry, Llanllwchaiarn, Llanwyddelan, Mochdre, New Mills, Pentre, Rhydlydan, Sarn and Tregynon.
Buildings and monuments
Built by Pryce Pryce-Jones, the Pryce Jones Royal Welsh Warehouse remains the tallest building in Newtown. The two towering structures housed the world's first mail order service depot.
Bear Lanes, the town's main shopping centre, has a Tudor-style entrance. The building was once a hotel, The Bear, which contributes to the centre's appearance today.
The Baptist Chapel, dating from 1881, is a prime example of nonconformist architecture of the period.
Newtown is twinned with:
Theatres, museums and galleries
- Theatr Hafren - a 555-seat capacity venue
- Powys Theatre - Home of the Newtown Amateur Dramatic Society
- Robert Owen Museum
- Textile Museum
- W H Smith Museum
- Oriel Davies, largest visual arts venue in the region.
Newton's station, on the Shrewsbury-Aberystwyth line, is currently served by Arriva Trains Wales. Most of the local bus services, both within the town and serving nearby locations, are operated by privately owned, local companies. Newtown has one National Express bus per day in each direction: Aberystwyth to London and back. Two major roads cross in Newtown town centre: the A483 from Swansea to Chester and the A489 from Machynlleth to Craven Arms.
The Montgomery Canal originally terminated in Newtown. Following its closure in 1944, the section in Newtown was sold and subsequently built on. Canal Road and Lower Canal Road in Newtown are named after it.
- John Bentley (1822 - 1894), member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
- Geraint Goodwin (1903 - 1942), novelist and short story writer, born in Llanllwchaiarn, near Newtown
- Barry Hoban, cyclist
- George Latham, footballer
- Robert Owen (1771 – 1858), a social reformer and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the Co-operative Movement
- Philip Parkin, golfer
- Pryce Pryce-Jones (1834 - 1920), an entrepreneur born in Llanllwchaiarn, near Newtown
- Phil Mills, World Rally co-driver
- Thomas Powell, Chartist and 19th-century radical
- Tyler Brennan, cyclist
Newtown A.F.C. is Newtown's association football club, and was a founding member of the Welsh Premier League in 1992. The club was founded in 1875 as Newtown White Stars and won the Welsh FA Cup in 1879 and 1895. The club also entered the qualifying stages of the UEFA Cup on three occasions.
Newtown play at Latham Park, which has a capacity of 5,000 (1,750 seated). The stadium has a full UEFA licence, allowing under-21 international games and European games to be played there. Despite the facilities, the club struggles to attract a large fanbase, with attendances averaging around 300. In 2007, another 250 seat stand was built next to the media gantry, with future developments planned.
Newtown also has lawn bowls, cricket, and tennis clubs. A basketball club, the Newtown Titans was also established in 2005, before being reformed as Mid-Wales Basketball Club in 2009.
There are several schools in Newtown: Ysgol Cedewain (special needs school), Ladywell Green school (ages 4–7), Hafren Junior school (ages 7–11), Ysgol Dafydd Llwyd (ages 4–11), St Mary's (ages 4–11), Penygloddfa (ages 4–11), Maesyrhandir (4-11), Treowen (4-11) and Newtown High School and Sixth Form (ages 12–18). The High School recently[when?] received an outstanding ESTYN inspection report, with many outstanding features including the teacher-sixth form pupil relationship and the school's support for a wide range of Post-16 vocational and academic subjects. As of 2011, Newtown High School (along with several other schools in Powys) has been proposed to be merged with another county High School as part of Powys County Council's Secondary School and Post-16 Modernisation programme.
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