Newtown Castle

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Newtown Castle
Newtown Castle.png
Newtown Castle prior to restoration
Newtown Castle is located in Ireland
Newtown Castle
Location within Ireland
General information
Location Ballyvaughan, County Clare, Ireland
Coordinates 53°06′14″N 9°10′09″W / 53.103861°N 9.169228°W / 53.103861; -9.169228
Completed 16th century
Client O'Brien Clan

Newtown Castle is a 16th-century tower house, located close to the village of Ballyvaughan within the Burren area of County Clare, Ireland. Uniquely for a tower house of its type in Ireland, Newtown Castle is mostly cylindrical in shape but rises from a square pyramidical base. It is today part of the Burren College of Art.

History[edit]

Newtown Castle was likely built circa 1550[1] for the O'Brien clan. In the Forfeitures and Distribution books of 1641 it was listed as property of Donogh O'Brien. However, Newtown Castle soon passed into possession of the O'Lochlainn (or O'Loghlen) family, the most powerful clan of the area. The Ordnance Survey of 1839 names Charles O'Loghlen as inhabitant of the castle and describes the tower as being in good repair. Charles O'Loghlen was locally known as the "King of the Burren".[2]

In 1848, the landlord, the then Marquess of Buckingham who had been bankrupted sold the local lands.[3] The Buckingham estates in County Clare, around 7,000 acres (2,800 ha) in the Barony of Burren were purchased for 30,000 pounds by one Richard Samuel Guinness, acting as agent for Colonel Henry White.[4]

At the time of the Griffith's valuation in the 1850s, the building next to the castle, erected in about 1820, was a rectory inhabited by the Reverend Hugh B. Howlett.[1][3]

At the end of the 19th century Peter O'Loghlen lived in the castle. He was referred to as the "Prince of the Burren".[5]

During reconstruction (see below) limited excavations were conducted at Newtown Castle. The results indicated that the castle may be late 16th or early 17th century, rather than mid-16th century. Signs of the presence of a significant population (animal and shellfish remains and a large cobbled space) were also discovered in the area. This gave rise to speculation whether the name "Newtown" may actually have referred to a new settlement near the castle.[6]:92

Newtown Castle and its surroundings viewed from the earth fort An Ráth.

Architecture[edit]

Newtown Castle is one of only a few cylindrical tower houses in the area. In all of Ireland, only around 30 of the roughly 3,000 tower houses are round.[7] In addition, Newtown Castle features an unusual pyramidical base, which makes it unique in all of Ireland.[7] The tower has four upper floors. The ground floor and first floor feature vaulted ceilings.

Today[edit]

Newtown Castle was restored in 1993–94 for use by the newly established Burren College of Art, which was opened by president Mary Robinson in 1994. It is available as a venue for weddings and conferences. The castle is located on the Burren Way, a long distance trail.[7] The castle is in the townland of Newton, parish of Drumcreehy.[8]

The tower is open to the public on weekdays.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Inventory of Architectural Heritage: Newtown Art College". Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
  2. ^ "Ordnance Survey Letters by John O'Donovan and Eugene Curry, 1839". Clare Library. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
  3. ^ a b "Landed estates database: Estate — White (Cahiracon)". NUI Galway. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
  4. ^ "Landed estates database: Estate — Grenville". NUI Galway. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
  5. ^ "The History and Topography of the County of Clare by James Frost". Clare Library. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
  6. ^ Carthy, Hugh (2011). Burren Archaeology. The Collins Press. ISBN 9781848891050.
  7. ^ a b c Kirby, Tony (2009). The Burren & The Aran Islands — a Walking Guide. The Collins Press. p. 65. ISBN 9781905172979.
  8. ^ "Landed estates database: House — Newtown Castle". NUI Galway. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
  • George Cunningham: Burren Journey. Shannonside. Limerick 1978.
  • George Cunningham: Burren Journey West. Shannonside. Limerick 1980.
  • Mary Hawkes Greene: The Burren College of Art — from Dream to Reality in: Sarah Poyntz (ed.), Burren Villages — Tales of History and Imagination. Cork 2010.
  • Peter Harbison: Guide to National and Historic Monuments of Ireland. 3rd edition. Gill & Macmillan Publ., Dublin 1992, ISBN 0-7171-3239-0.
  • Anne Korff: The Burren. A Ramblers Guide & Map. Ballyvaughan. Clodori Lurgan Teo, Kinvara 1986, ISSN 0790-8911.

External links[edit]