Newtown St Boswells
|Newtown St Boswells|
Old Station Court, formerly the location of St. Boswells railway station
|Area||1.37 km2 (0.53 sq mi) |
|Population||1,470 (mid-2020 est.)|
|• Density||1,073/km2 (2,780/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||33 mi (53 km) NW|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Newtown St Boswells (Scots: Newtoon; Scottish Gaelic: Baile Ùr Bhoisil [ˈpaləˈuːɾˈvɔʃɪl]) is a village in the historic county of Roxburghshire which houses the administrative centre of the Scottish Borders council area. The village lies south of the Eildon Hills on the Sprouston and Newtown burns, between the larger settlements of St Boswells 1 mile (1.6 km) to the south-east and Melrose 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the north-west.
Newtown St Boswells is an old settlement, well-established by the 16th century. The town has been known at various times as Newtoune, Newtown of Eildon, Neuton and Newtown of Dryburgh. It lies split between the civil parishes of Melrose and St Boswells.
Historically, Newtown St Boswells was a centre for milling grain, with watermills on its burns. It became a regional centre of communication and an exporter of livestock after the opening of its railway station. This importance has declined since the closure of the station in 1969.
From 1975 to 1996, the town served as the administrative centre for Borders Regional Council. Since the reform of local government in Scotland, it has been the centre of the Scottish Borders council area and the headquarters of the local authority is within the village.
The village is served by Newtown Primary School, which is a feeder school to Earlston High School, about 5 miles (8.0 km) away in Earlston. The primary school also has nursery provision for preschool-aged children. A Borders College campus at the southeastern tip of the village specialises in agricultural education.
- "Mid-2012 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 July 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
- "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
- Roy Pedersen; Colmcille (2012). 2011 Gaelic Map (PDF) (Map). [1:1,200,000]. Collins Bartholomew Ltd.
- Local Development Plan Volume 2 (Report). Scottish Borders Council. 2016. pp. 435–440.
- Newtown St Boswells: Overview of Newtown St Boswells
- "Schools - Newtown Primary School". Scottish Borders Council. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
- "Rural Skills". Borders College. Retrieved 18 December 2021.