Newtownabbey

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Newtownabbey
  • Irish: Baile na Mainistreach
Rathcoole - Newtownabbey.jpg
Overlooking the Rathcoole area of Newtownabbey from Cavehill
Newtownabbey is located in Northern Ireland
Newtownabbey
Location within Northern Ireland
Population65,646 (2011 Census)
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWTOWNABBEY
Postcode districtBT36, BT37
Dialling code028
PoliceNorthern Ireland
FireNorthern Ireland
AmbulanceNorthern Ireland
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Antrim
54°40′24″N 05°54′49″W / 54.67333°N 5.91361°W / 54.67333; -5.91361Coordinates: 54°40′24″N 05°54′49″W / 54.67333°N 5.91361°W / 54.67333; -5.91361

Newtownabbey (Irish: Baile na Mainistreach [ˈbˠalʲə n̪ˠə ˈmˠanʲəʃtʲɾʲəx]) is a large settlement in North Belfast in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is separated from the rest of the city by Cavehill and Fortwilliam golf course. It surrounds Carnmoney Hill, and was formed from the merging of several small villages including Whiteabbey, Glengormley and Carnmoney. At the 2011 Census, Metropolitan Newtownabbey Settlement had a population of 65,646, making it the third largest settlement in Northern Ireland.[1] It is part of Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

Newtownabbey Urban District was founded on 1 April 1958 to cover seven villages north of Belfast: Carnmoney, Glengormley, Jordanstown, Monkstown, Whiteabbey, Whitehouse and Whitewell.[2] Before this, the area fell under the jurisdiction of Belfast Rural District.

Newtownabbey Urban District Council was succeeded by Newtownabbey District Council (1973–1977), Newtownabbey Borough Council (1977–2015), and Antrim and Newtownabbey District Council (2015 onwards).

The Troubles[edit]

During The Troubles, there were a number of incidents in Newtownabbey, including several gun attacks involving the UFF and UVF.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

The Glengormley area of Newtownabbey from Cavehill

Newtownabbey is a large dispersed urban area north of Belfast, surrounding Carnmoney Hill. To its east is Belfast Lough, and to its south and west is Cavehill. There are two wooded river glens running through it: the Three Mile Water and the Glas-na-Bradan.

Townlands[edit]

Below is a list of townlands that are within Newtownabbey's urban area, alongside their likely etymologies.

  • Ballybought (from Irish: Baile Bocht, meaning 'poor townland')*
  • Ballyduff (from Baile Mhic Giolla Dhuibh, "MacElduff's townland")*
  • Ballygolan (from Baile an Ghabhláin, "townland of the fork")*
  • Ballyhenry (from Baile Éinrí, "Henry's townland")*
  • Ballyvesey (possibly from Baile an Mheasa, "townland of the mast)*
  • Ballywonard (from Baile an Mhuine Aird, "townland of the high thicket")*
  • Carnmoney
  • Collinward (possibly from Baile Gorán Bhaird, "townland of the bard's grove")*
  • Croghfern (possibly from Currach Fearnaí, "marsh of the place of alders")*
  • Drumnadrough (from Droim na gCruach, "the ridge of the stacks")*, site of Merville Garden Village
  • Dunanney (from Dún Áine, "Áine's fort")*
  • Glengormley
  • Jordanstown
  • Mallusk
  • Monkstown
  • Whiteabbey
  • Whitehouse (named after a 16th-century fortified house built by an English adventurer; formerly Ballyrintollard)

Other districts include:

  • Mossley (named after Mossley in England; in Ballyhenry townland)
  • Rathcoole
  • Whitewell (named after a former spring; in Ballygolan townland)

* citation for derivations[5]

Demography[edit]

On census day (27 March 2011) there were 65,646 people living in Newtownabbey.[1] Of these:

  • 20.26% were aged under 16 years and 15.51% were aged 60 and over
  • 48.02% of the population were male and 51.98% were female
  • 62.21% were from a Protestant or other Christian backgrounds, and 27.69% were from a Catholic background
  • 6.40% had some knowledge of the Irish language and 6.98% had some knowledge of Ulster-Scots.

Education[edit]

Higher-level education
Secondary-level education
Primary-level education

Sport[edit]

There are several association football clubs in Newtownabbey, including several amateur clubs which field teams in the Northern Amateur Football League: 18th Newtownabbey Old Boys F.C., Mossley F.C., Nortel F.C., Rathfern Rangers F.C., and Ulster University at Jordanstown F.C.[citation needed] Rathcoole F.C. plays in the Ballymena & Provincial Football League.[citation needed] As of 2020, Belfast Deaf United Football Club played in the Down Area Winter Football League.[6]

Local Gaelic games clubs include St Enda's GAC (based near Glengormley) and Greencastle Wolfe Tones GAC (based at Greencastle). Both participate in competitions organised by the Antrim County Board.[citation needed]

Hockey teams based in Newtownabbey include East Antrim Hockey Club, Mossley Hockey Club, and Owls Hockey Club. There are also a number of rugby clubs, an amateur boxing club (Glengormley Amateur Boxing Club), and several cricket teams. These include the Academy and Cliftonville Cricket Clubs (the latter participating in the NCU Senior League).[citation needed]

Outdoor Bowling Clubs in Newtownabbey include Mossley Bowling Club, Glengormley Bowling Club, Nortel Bowling Club and Ulster Transport Bowling Club.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Northern Ireland Railways runs trains serving three railway stations: Mossley West railway station on the Belfast–Derry railway line and Jordanstown railway station and Whiteabbey railway station on the Belfast–Larne railway line.

Road[edit]

Newtownabbey is linked to the M2 motorway (which passes through it) and the M5 motorway (which begins at its southeastern edge).

Bus services are provided by Translink’s Belfast bus service, Metro.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

Newtownabbey is twinned with:

Newtownabbey has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Metropolitan Newtownabbey Settlement". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Newtownabbey". Place Names NI.
  3. ^ "Sutton Index of Deaths, 1974". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 2 September 2006.
  4. ^ "Sutton Index of Deaths, 1994". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 2 September 2006.
  5. ^ "Place Names NI".
  6. ^ "Football". dsni.co.uk. Disability Sport Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Belfast Deaf United [..] play in the Premier Section of the Down Area Winter League
  7. ^ "Stephen Boyd: The Busker Who Became a Screen Idol". bbc.co.uk. BBC News. 8 January 2011.
  8. ^ "Me and my health: Jim 'The King' Brown - The hip-swivelling I do on stage as Elvis gives me sore joints". Belfast Telegraph. 23 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Six things you didn't know about Ronan Bennett, the NI writer behind Netflix's Top Boy". belfasttelegraph.co.uk. Belfast Telegraph. 30 September 2019.
  10. ^ "Newtownabbey Girl to Sing on BBC 1 Show The Voice". belfastdaily.co.uk. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Rybnik Official Website – Twin Towns". 2008 Urząd Miasta Rybnika. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  12. ^ "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2009.

External links[edit]