Newtownhamilton

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Newtownhamilton
Village Centre - Newtownhamilton - geograph.org.uk - 547838.jpg
Village Centre, looking south
Newtownhamilton is located in Northern Ireland
Newtownhamilton
Newtownhamilton
Location within Northern Ireland
Population2,836 (2011)
Irish grid referenceH930278
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWRY
Postcode districtBT35
Dialling code028, +44 28
EU ParliamentNorthern Ireland
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Armagh
54°11′26″N 6°34′35″W / 54.19058°N 6.57644°W / 54.19058; -6.57644Coordinates: 54°11′26″N 6°34′35″W / 54.19058°N 6.57644°W / 54.19058; -6.57644

Newtownhamilton is a small town and civil parish in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It lies predominantly within Tullyvallan townland. The civil parish is within the historic barony of Fews Upper.[2] In the 2011 Census it had 2,836 inhabitants.

The village is built around two narrow main streets (Armagh Street and Dundalk Street) and a town square (The Square). Other places include Newry Street, Castleblaney Street (known locally as 'Blaney Hill'), Church Street also known as Shambles Lane (known locally as the 'back street') and The Commons. Residential areas are Dungormley Estate, Meadowvale and the Nine Mile Road.

Name[edit]

Before the Plantation of Ulster the area of Newtownhamilton was known as Tullyvallan. This comes from the Irish Tulaigh Uí Mhealláin meaning "O' Mealláin's hillock".[3]

The modern Irish name of Newtownhamilton is An Baile Úr, meaning "the new town"; a rarely used alternative is Baile Úr Uí Urmoltaigh ("the new town of Hamilton").[1]

History[edit]

The village of Newtownhamilton was established c.1770 by Alexander Hamilton, a descendant of the John Hamilton from Scotland who founded Hamiltonsbawn in 1619. The parish was created in 1773 out of the neighbouring parish of Creggan.[4]

On 9 May 1920, during the Irish War of Independence, some 200 Irish Republican Army volunteers under Frank Aiken surrounded and attacked the Royal Irish Constabulary barracks in Newtownhamilton. After a two-hour firefight, the IRA breached the barracks wall with explosives and stormed the building. The RIC refused to surrender until the building was set alight with petrol from a potato-spraying machine.[5]

Newtownhamilton suffered significant disruption, damage and fatalities during The Troubles from the late 1960s to the 1990s. The deadliest incident was the Tullyvallen massacre. For more information, see The Troubles in Newtownhamilton. While the British Army had a major presence in the village during the conflict, this was scaled down and eventually removed entirely following the Good Friday Agreement. In 2006 it was announced that the local police station would be upgraded to full-time status.[6]

Education[edit]

Demography[edit]

2011 Census[edit]

Newtownhamilton is classified as a small town. On Census Day[7] (27 March 2011), in Newtownhamilton Ward, there were 2,836 people living in 956 households, giving an average household size of 2.97.

  • 26.09% were aged under 16 years and 10.93% were aged 65 and over;
  • 50.74% of the usually resident population were male and 49.26% were female; and
  • 32 years was the average (median) age of the population.
  • 99.44% were from white (including Irish Traveller) ethnic groups;
  • 62.41% belong to or were brought up in the Catholic religion and 34.77% belong to or were brought up in a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' religion; and
  • 30.18% indicated that they had a British national identity, 44.39% had an Irish national identity and 27.82% had a Northern Irish national identity. Respondents could indicate more than one national identity

Of the population aged 3 years old and over:

  • 14.99% had some knowledge of Irish;
  • 4.71% had some knowledge of Ulster-Scots; and
  • 2.63% did not have English as their first language.

2001 Census[edit]

On Census day 29 April 2001, there were 648 people living in Newtownhamilton. Of these:

  • 25.5% were aged under 16 years and 17.0% were aged 60 and over
  • 47.1% of the population were male and 52.9% were female
  • 71.8% were from a Catholic background and 28.2% were from a Protestant background
  • 7.2% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

Civil parish of Newtownhamilton[edit]

The civil parish contains the village of Newtownhamilton.[2]

Townlands[edit]

The civil parish contains the following townlands:[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Newtownhamilton. Placenames Database of Ireland.
  2. ^ a b c "Newtownhamilton". IreAtlas Townlands Database. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  3. ^ Place Names Ni: Tullyvallan
  4. ^ Place Names NI: Newtownhamilton
  5. ^ Lawlor, Pearse. The Outrages: The IRA and the Ulster Special Constabulary in the Border Campaign. Mercier Press, 2011. pp.22-24
  6. ^ Bradfield, Phillip. "Orde visit seen as farewell to Army". News Letter. 20 October 2006.
  7. ^ "NISRA".

Sources[edit]