Austrian legislative election, 2017
All 183 seats in the National Council
92 seats needed for a majority
ÖVP party leader Reinhold Mitterlehner resigned on 10 May. On 14 May Minister for Foreign Affairs and Integration Sebastian Kurz was elected new leader of the ÖVP, by unanimous vote of the federal party committee. Kurz also announced the creation of an independent (but ÖVP-backed) list for the next election (called "List Sebastian Kurz - The new People's Party"), which would be open to non-ÖVP experts or otherwise interested people.
On 18 May, Green Party leader Eva Glawischnig resigned from all her offices, citing family and health-related reasons but also increasing political pressure over the last months following the expulsion of the Young Greens from the party, as well as the coming challenging election campaign.
On 19 May, the Green Party committee unanimously elected current Tyrol state party boss Ingrid Felipe as their new party leader. Ulrike Lunacek (MEP) was elected frontrunner and Chancellor candidate for the upcoming election.
The 183 members of the National Council are elected by closed list proportional representation in nine multi-member constituencies based on the states (with varying in size from 7 to 36 seats) and 39 sub-constituencies. Seats are allocated using the Hare method at the sub-constituency level and the D'Hondt at the federal level, with an electoral threshold of 4% or one seat in one of the 39 sub-constituencies.
Qualified parties and lists
Parties and lists represented in the National Council
- Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ)
- Austrian People's Party (Liste Sebastian Kurz – Die neue Volkspartei, ÖVP)
- Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ)
- The Greens – The Green Alternative (GRÜNE)
- Team Stronach (FRANK)
- NEOS – The New Austria (NEOS – Das Neue Österreich)
Ballot qualification for parties and lists
In order to contest the election federally, a party (or list) needs to collect 2.600 valid signatures from eligible voters ahead of the election.
Parties can also contest the election in individual states only. For this, they have to collect the following numbers of signatures:
- 100 - Burgenland, Vorarlberg
- 200 - Carinthia, Salzburg, Tyrol
- 400 - Upper Austria, Styria
- 500 - Lower Austria, Vienna
Parties can collect the signatures between July 25 and August 18. The state and federal election commissions will validate the signatures and announce the qualified parties on August 24.
- "Austrian chancellor tries to keep coalition alive after ally quits" Reuters
- "Austrian conservatives pick Foreign Minister Kurz as leader" Reuters
- "Grünen-Chefin Glawischnig tritt zurück" ORF
- "Grüne: Felipe wird Obfrau, Lunacek Spitzenkandidatin" ORF
- Electoral system IPU
- "Nationalratswahl: Vorgezogener Termin am 15. Oktober 2017" Vienna.at