Finnish parliamentary election, 2019

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Finnish parliamentary election, 2019
Finland
← 2015 14 April 2019 or 9 June 2019 (combined with European Parliament election, 2019) 2023 →

All 200 seats to the Parliament
101 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Juha Sipilä Jussi Halla-aho Petteri Orpo
Leader Juha Sipilä Jussi Halla-aho Petteri Orpo[1]
Party Centre Finns National Coalition
Leader since 2012 2017 2016
Last election 49 seats, 21.1% 38 seats, 17.7% 37 seats, 18.2%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Antti Rinne Touko Aalto Li Andersson
Leader Antti Rinne Touko Aalto Li Andersson[2]
Party Social Democratic Green League Left Alliance
Leader since 2014 2017 2016
Last election 34 seats, 16.5% 15 seats, 8.5% 12 seats, 7.1%

  Seventh party Eighth party
  Anna-Maja Henriksson Sari Essayah
Leader Anna-Maja Henriksson[3] Sari Essayah[4]
Party Swedish People's Christian Democrat
Leader since 2016 2015
Last election 9 seats, 4.9% 5 seats, 3.5%

Prime Minister before election

Juha Sipilä
Centre

Elected Prime Minister

TBD

Parliamentary elections are scheduled to be held in Finland in April 2019.[5]

Background[edit]

The incumbent government was formed by a three party Center-right coalition, composed of the Centre Party, Finns Party and National Coalition Party.[6] On 28 May 2015, the parliament elected Juha Sipilä as prime minister by a vote of 128–62.[7]

On 10 June 2017, the Finns Party elected Jussi Halla-aho as the new leader of the party, after the long-time leader Timo Soini had decided to step down. Following the talks between the three coalition leaders, Sipilä and Minister of Finance Petteri Orpo announced that they would no longer cooperate in a coalition government with the Finns Party. The collapse of government was averted on 13 June when twenty MPs defected from the Finns Party's parliamentary group, forming what would eventually become the Blue Reform party. Sipilä's government retained a majority in the Parliament as the Blue Reform continued as a member of the coalition and the Finns Party was moved to the opposition.[8]

Electoral system[edit]

Electoral districts in the 2015 election

The 200 members of the Eduskunta are elected using proportional representation in 13 multi-member constituencies, with seats allocated according to the d'Hondt method. The number of elected representatives is proportional to the population in the district six months prior to the elections. Åland has single member electoral district and its own party system.[9]

Electoral district Seats
01 Helsinki 22
02 Uusimaa 35
03 Finland Proper 17
04 Satakunta 8
05 Åland 1
06 Tavastia 14
07 Pirkanmaa 19
08 South-East Finland 17
09 Savonia-Karelia 16
10 Vaasa 16
11 Central Finland 10
12 Oulu 18
13 Lapland 7

Opinion polls[edit]

5 poll average of finnish opinion polls from April 2015 to the election 2019. Each line corresponds to a political party. Opinion polling for the 2019 Finnish parliamentary election (Government vs. Opposition).png

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nyt se ratkesi – Stubb sivuun, Petteri Orpo on kokoomuksen uusi puheenjohtaja". Ilta-sanomat. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Li Andersson kruunattiin virallisesti puheenjohtajaksi". Iltalehti. 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  3. ^ "Anna-Maja Henriksson valittiin Rkp:n puheenjohtajaksi – "Me teimme sen. Me rikoimme lasikaton!"". Helsingin sanomat. 12 June 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Kristillisdemokraattien uusi puheenjohtaja on Sari Essayah – haluaa malliksi Saksan sisarpuolue CDU:n". Helsingin Sanomat. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Upcoming Elections 2015-2030, Vaalit.fi, accessed 3 June 2015.
  6. ^ Sipilä opts for right-leaning government, YLE News 7 May 2015, accessed 3 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Juha Sipilä valittiin äänin 128-62 pääministeriksi". Verkkouutiset. 2016-05-28. Retrieved 2016-03-03. 
  8. ^ "Hallituskriisi raukesi perussuomalaisten jakautumiseen: monivaiheinen politiikan superpäivä kerrattuna". Yle News. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  9. ^ Electoral Districts, Vaalit.fi, accessed 3 June 2015.