Next German federal election

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Next German federal election

← 2021 On or before 26 October 2025

All 598 seats in the Bundestag, including any overhang and leveling seats
300 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
 
Olaf Scholz 2021 cropped.jpg
Armin Laschet 2021 (cropped).jpg
Annalena Baerbock (2021) cropped.jpg
Robert Habeck 2021 in Kiel.jpg
Leader Olaf Scholz Armin Laschet
(resigning)
Annalena Baerbock
& Robert Habeck
Party SPD CDU/CSU Green
Last election 25.7%, 206 seats 24.1%, 197 seats 14.8%, 118 seats

 
2020-02-14 Christian Lindner (Bundestagsprojekt 2020) by Sandro Halank–2.jpg
2015-01-17 3813 Jörg Meuthen (Landesparteitag AfD Baden-Württemberg) (cropped).jpg
Tino Chrupalla, 2020 (cropped).jpg
Janine Wissler 2 - 2021-02-27 Digitalparteitag Die Linke 2021 by Martin Heinlein - Cropped.png
Susanne Hennig-Wellsow 2021-02-27 Digitalparteitag Die Linke 2021 by Martin Heinlein - Cropped.png
Leader Christian Lindner Jörg Meuthen (resigning) &
Tino Chrupalla
Janine Wissler &
Susanne Hennig-Wellsow
Party FDP AfD Left
Last election 11.5%, 92 seats 10.3%, 83 seats 4.9%, 39 seats

Incumbent Government

TBD



The next German federal election will be held on or before 26 October 2025 to elect the members of the 21st Bundestag.

Date[edit]

The Basic Law and the Federal Election Act provide that federal elections must be held on a Sunday or on a legal holiday[a] no earlier than 46 and no later than 48 months after the first sitting of a Bundestag, unless the Bundestag is dissolved earlier. The 20th and previous Bundestag will hold its first sitting on 26 October 2021.[1] Therefore, the next election has to take place on one of the following possible dates:

  • 31 August 2025 (Sunday)
  • 7 September 2025 (Sunday)
  • 14 September 2025 (Sunday)
  • 21 September 2025 (Sunday)
  • 28 September 2025 (Sunday)
  • 3 October 2025 (German Unity Day)
  • 5 October 2025 (Sunday)
  • 12 October 2025 (Sunday)
  • 19 October 2025 (Sunday)
  • 26 October 2025 (Sunday)

The exact date will be determined by the President of Germany in due course.[2] Federal elections can be held earlier if the President of Germany dissolves the Bundestag and schedules a snap election. They may only do so under two possible scenarios described by the Basic Law.

  1. If the Bundestag fails to elect a Chancellor with an absolute majority of its members on the 15th day after the first ballot of a Chancellor's election, the President is free to either appoint the candidate who received a plurality of votes as Chancellor or to dissolve the Bundestag (in accordance with Article 63, Section 4 of the Basic Law).
  2. If the Chancellor loses a confidence motion, they may ask the President to dissolve the Bundestag. The President is free to grant or to deny the Chancellor's request (in accordance with Article 68 of the Basic Law).

In both cases, federal elections would have to take place on a Sunday or national holiday no later than 60 days after the dissolution.[3][4][b] Under both scenarios, a snap election is not possible during a state of defence. Federal elections can also be held later, if a state of defence is declared. If a state of defence prohibits a scheduled federal election and prolongs a legislative period, new elections have to take place no later than six months after the end of the state of defence.

Political parties and leaders[edit]

The table below lists the parties represented in the 20th Bundestag.

Name Ideology Leading
candidate(s)
Leader(s) 2021 result
Votes (%) Seats
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands
Social democracy Olaf Scholz Saskia Esken
Norbert Walter-Borjans
25.7%
206 / 735
CDU/CSU CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands
Christian democracy Armin Laschet 18.9%
196 / 735
CSU Christian Social Union in Bavaria
Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern
Markus Söder 5.2%[c]
Grüne Alliance 90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen
Green politics Annalena Baerbock
Robert Habeck
14.8%
118 / 735
FDP Free Democratic Party
Freie Demokratische Partei
Classical liberalism Christian Lindner 11.5%
92 / 735
AfD Alternative for Germany
Alternative für Deutschland
Right-wing populism Jörg Meuthen
Tino Chrupalla
10.3%
83 / 735
Linke The Left
Die Linke
Democratic socialism Janine Wissler
Susanne Hennig-Wellsow
4.9%
39 / 735
SSW South Schleswig Voter Association
Südschleswigscher Wählerverband
Danish and Frisian minority interests Stefan Seidler Flemming Meyer 0.1%
1 / 735

Opinion polls[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In Germany, with the exception of the German Unity Day, all holidays are determined on state level and some do not apply for all Germans. Legal holidays in all states are New Year's Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Labour Day, Ascension Day, Whit Monday, German Unity Day, First Christmas Day, and Second Christmas Day (Boxing Day).
  2. ^ Possibility 1 has never yet happened since 1949; possibility 2 has been used a total of three times (in 1972, 1982, and 2005).
  3. ^ The CSU received 31.7% in Bavaria. It only fields candidates in Bavaria, where the CDU does not field candidates.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nach der Bundestagswahl: Wie geht es jetzt weiter?" [After the general election: what's next]. RND (in German). 26 September 2021. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  2. ^ "§ 16 BWahlG - Einzelnorm". gesetze-im-internet.de. Archived from the original on 17 November 2020. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Wahl zum 19. Deutschen Bundestag am 24. September 2017". Der Bundeswahlleiter. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  4. ^ Martin Fehndrich (26 February 2017). "Bundeskanzlerwahl". Wahlrecht.de. Retrieved 26 September 2017.