Next German federal election

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Next German federal election
Germany
2013 ←
Between 27 August and 22 October 2017

All 598+ seats in the Bundestag
300+ seats needed for a majority
  Angela Merkel Security Conference February 2015 (cropped).jpg Sigmar Gabriel (2013).jpg Kipping riexinger die linke 2014.jpg
Leader Angela Merkel Sigmar Gabriel Katja Kipping and
Bernd Riexinger
Party CDU/CSU SPD Left
Leader since 10 April 2000 13 November 2009 2 June 2012
Leader's seat Vorpommern-Rügen – Vorpommern-Greifswald I Salzgitter – Wolfenbüttel Saxony (List)
(did not run in 2013)
Last election 311 seats (of 631), 41.5% 193 seats (of 631), 25.7% 64 seats (of 631), 8.6%

  Cem Özdemir & Simone Peter.jpg Christian Lindner crop.jpg 2015-07-04 AfD Bundesparteitag Essen by Olaf Kosinsky-232.jpg
Leader Cem Özdemir and
Simone Peter
Christian Lindner Frauke Petry
Party Green FDP AfD
Leader since 19 October 2013
15 November 2008
7 December 2013 4 July 2015
Leader's seat Baden-Württemberg (List)
(did not run in 2013)
No seat No seat
Last election 63 seats (of 631), 8.4% 0 seats (of 631), 4.8% 0 seats (of 631), 4.7%

Incumbent Chancellor

Angela Merkel
CDU/CSU

The next German federal elections will elect the members of the Bundestag, the federal parliament of Germany, on a date to be determined.

German law requires that the next election should take place on a Sunday between 46-48 months after the assembly's first sitting. Since the current Bundestag first sat on 22 September 2013, the latest date for the next election is 22 September 2017 (a Sunday). The earliest date is 27 August 2017, the first Sunday after 22 August. By convention, recent elections have been held in late September, avoiding the school holidays. Elections can be held earlier under certain conditions, for instance if a government loses a confidence motion.

Background[edit]

At the previous federal election, in 2013, the incumbent government — composed of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), the Christian Social Union (CSU, the CDU's Bavarian sister party), and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) — failed to achieve a majority of seats. The FDP failed to get over 5% of the vote, denying the party seats in the Bundestag for the first time in their history. In contrast, the CDU/CSU obtained their best result since 1990, with nearly 42% of the vote and just short of 50% of the seats. Merkel's party successfully negotiated with the Social Democrats (SPD) to form a grand coalition.

Electoral system[edit]

The Bundestag has 598 nominal members, elected for a four-year term. Half, 299 members, are elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting, while a further 299 members are allocated from party lists to achieve a proportional distribution in the legislature, conducted according to a form of proportional representation called the Mixed member proportional representation system (MMP). Voters vote once for a constituency representative, and a second time for a party, and the lists are used to make the party balances match the distribution of second votes. Seats are allocated using the Sainte-Laguë method. If a party receives more seats than its vote share entitles it to (overhang seats), additional "compensatory" seats are added to the total of 299 to give other parties a proportional number of seats.[1]

Voters have two votes, one for the candidate in the single-member constituency and one for the party list in the multi-member constituency.[1]

Parties and leaders[edit]

This is a list of the parties (and their respective leaders) which would likely participate in the election.

Party Ideology Leader
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Christian democracy, Liberal conservatism Angela Merkel
Social Democratic Party (SPD) Social democracy Sigmar Gabriel
The Left Democratic socialism, Left-wing populism Katja Kipping, Bernd Riexinger
Alliance '90/The Greens Green politics, Ecologism Cem Özdemir, Simone Peter
Christian Social Union (CSU) Bavarian regionalism, Christian democracy, Conservatism Horst Seehofer
Free Democratic Party (FDP) Liberalism, Classical liberalism Christian Lindner
Alternative for Germany (AfD) Euroscepticism, National conservatism, Nationalism Frauke Petry

Candidates[edit]

CDU/CSU[edit]

Likely[edit]
Potential[edit]

If Merkel does not run for re-election, media speculated that the following politicians become possible candidates to run for CDU/CSU in a future election.

SPD[edit]

Likely[edit]
Potential[edit]
Declined[edit]

The Left[edit]

Greens[edit]

Declared[edit]
Potential[edit]

Opinion polls[edit]

German Opinion Polls 2017 Election.png

The polls are from September 2013 (the last federal election) up to the current date. Each colored line specifies a political party.

  CDU/CSU
  Social Democratic Party
  The Left
  Green Party
  Free Democratic Party
  Alternative for Germany

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Electoral system IPU
  2. ^ Bundestagswahl 2017: Kanzlerin Merkel will vierte Amtszeit, spiegel.de (German), 1st Aug 2015
  3. ^ Julia Klöckner, AKK und der "totale Quatsch", welt.de (German), 12th Oct 2015
  4. ^ Nachfolge im Kanzleramt: Merkels Plan K, spiegel.de (German), 25st Jun 2014
  5. ^ Merkel-Nachfolge: Alternativlos?, faz.net (German), 14th Oct 2014
  6. ^ Will er Kanzler werden?, zeit.de (German), 31st Oct 2015
  7. ^ a b Wer aus der SPD könnte Kanzler?, handesblatt.de (German), 11th Aug 2015
  8. ^ SPD-Hoffnungsträger Maas: Kanzlerkandidat der Reserve, spiegel.de (German), 13th Nov 2015
  9. ^ a b Katrin Göring-Eckardt kündigt Spitzenkandidatur an, zeit.de (German), 16th Oct 2015
  10. ^ a b Hofreiter will Spitzenkandidat der Grünen werden, spiegel.de (German), 6th Nov 2015
  11. ^ Grüne Politiker*innen: Kennen Sie diese Zehn?, spiegel.de (German), 20th Nov 2015