Next Israeli legislative election
This lists parties that currently hold seats.
Avigdor Lieberman has opposed a draft law (supported by ultra-Orthodox parties) which would allow Torah students exemptions from serving in the IDF. Meretz and Yesh Atid submitted a proposal on 12 March 2018 seeking the dissolution of the Knesset. Early elections were ultimately averted.
The 120 seats in the Knesset are elected by closed list proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency. The electoral threshold for the election is 3.25%. In almost all cases, this is equivalent to a minimum party size of four seats, but on rare occasions a party can end up with three.
|Likud||National liberalism, Economic liberalism||Benjamin Netanyahu||23.40%||
30 / 120
|Zionist Union||Social liberalism, Progressivism, Labor Zionism||Avi Gabbay||18.67%||
24 / 120
|Joint List||Israeli Arab interests, Non-Zionism, Big-Tent||Ayman Odeh||10.54%||
13 / 120
|Yesh Atid||Liberal Zionism, Israeli secularism, Centrism||Yair Lapid||8.81%||
11 / 120
|Kulanu||Social liberalism, Economic egalitarianism, Liberal Zionism||Moshe Kahlon||7.49%||
10 / 120
|The Jewish Home||Religious Zionism, Settler interests||Naftali Bennett||6.74%||
8 / 120
|Shas||Haredi interests, Orthodox, Sephardic and Mizrahi interests, Religious conservatism||Aryeh Deri||5.73%||
7 / 120
|United Torah Judaism||Ashkenazi/Haredi interests, Orthodox Halacha, Religious conservatism||Yaakov Litzman||5.03%||
6 / 120
|Yisrael Beiteinu||Russian speakers' interests, National conservatism||Avigdor Lieberman||5.11%||
5 / 120[a]
|Meretz||Social democracy, Green politics||Tamar Zandberg||3.93%||
5 / 120
Likud, Labor, Jewish Home and Meretz parties have systems in which the leadership and most candidates are elected in inner-party primary elections.
- The Likud party primary election was at first preceded to 23 February 2016 following Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's proposal, and later canceled by party court arguing that according to the Likud constitution, there was no need for a vote when only one candidate is running after only Netanyahu filed to run in the primaries.
- The Jewish Home Party held its leadership primaries on 27 April 2017. Naftali Bennett won with 80.3% of the vote, Yonatan Branski received 12.2%, and Yitzhak Zagha received 7.47%.
- The Labor Party held its leadership primaries on 10 July 2017. Avi Gabbay defeated Amir Peretz in the runoff, with Isaac Herzog being defeated during the first round of voting.
- The Meretz Party held its leadership primaries on 22 March 2018. Tamar Zandberg won with 71% of the vote, Avi Buskila received 29%.
- "Weekend Perspective: The undecided factors of the next election". Knesset Jeremy. 10 April 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
- "Netanyahu to meet with Lieberman over coalition crisis". Ynet News. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
- "Meretz, Yesh Atid seek to dissolve the Knesset". Ynet News. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
- "In last-minute deal, coalition okays compromise to dodge early elections". The Times of Israel. 13 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "With Bader-Ofer method, not every ballot counts". The Jerusalem Post. 16 March 2014.
- Lis, Jonathan (30 December 2015). "In Win for Netanyahu, Likud Votes for Early Primaries, Safeguarding His Leadership". Haaretz.
- Lis, Jonathan (13 January 2016). "Likud Calls Off Leadership Vote: Netanyahu to Remain Party Head Through 2023". Haaretz. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Netanyahu declared Likud leader for seventh term". The Jerusalem Post. 14 January 2016.
- Wootliff, Raoul (28 April 2017). "Bennett wins sweeping victory in Jewish Home leadership race". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
- Kershner, Isabel (10 July 2017). "Israeli Labor Party Tries a New Leader: Gabbay, Self-Made Millionaire". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Hoffman, Gil (22 March 2018). "Meretz voters elect Tamar Zandberg as new leader". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 23 March 2018.