Next Israeli legislative election

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Elections for the 21st Knesset
← 2015 5 November 2019, or earlier
Party Leader Current seats
Likud Benjamin Netanyahu 30
Zionist Union Avi Gabbay 24
Joint List Ayman Odeh 13
Yesh Atid Yair Lapid 11
Kulanu Moshe Kahlon 10
The Jewish Home Naftali Bennett 8
Shas Aryeh Deri 7
Yisrael Beiteinu Avigdor Lieberman 6
United Torah Judaism Yaakov Litzman 6
Meretz Zehava Gal-On 5
This lists parties that currently hold seats.
Incumbent Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu 2012.jpg Benjamin Netanyahu

Elections for the twenty-first Knesset must be held by 5 November 2019; they could happen before that date if the Knesset chooses to hold early elections.[1]


Avigdor Lieberman has opposed a draft law (supported by ultra-Orthodox parties) which would allow Torah students exemptions from serving in the IDF.[2] Meretz and Yesh Atid submitted a proposal on 12 March 2018 seeking the dissolution of the Knesset.[3] Early elections were ultimately averted.[4]

Electoral system[edit]

The 120 seats in the Knesset are elected by closed list proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency. The electoral threshold for the election is 3.25%. In almost all cases, this is equivalent to a minimum party size of four seats, but on rare occasions a party can end up with three.[5]


The table below lists parties represented in the Knesset after the 2015 elections.

Name Ideology Leader 2015 result
Votes (%) Seats
Likud National liberalism, Economic liberalism Benjamin Netanyahu 23.40%
30 / 120
Zionist Union Social liberalism, Progressivism, Labor Zionism Avi Gabbay 18.67%
24 / 120
Joint List Israeli Arab interests, Non-Zionism, Big-Tent Ayman Odeh 10.54%
13 / 120
Yesh Atid Liberal Zionism, Israeli secularism, Centrism Yair Lapid 8.81%
11 / 120
Kulanu Conservative liberalism, Economic egalitarianism, Liberal Zionism Moshe Kahlon 7.49%
10 / 120
The Jewish Home Religious Zionism, Settler interests Naftali Bennett 6.74%
8 / 120
Shas Populism, Sephardic and Mizrahi interests, Religious conservatism Aryeh Deri 5.73%
7 / 120
United Torah Judaism Ashkenazi/Haredi interests, Orthodox Halacha, Religious conservatism Yaakov Litzman 5.03%
6 / 120
Yisrael Beiteinu Russian speakers' interests, National conservatism Avigdor Lieberman 5.11%
5 / 120
Meretz Social democracy, Green politics Zehava Gal-On 3.93%
5 / 120
  1. ^ Yisrael Beiteinu won six seats in the 2015 elections, but one member left to sit as an independent.

Primary elections[edit]

Likud, Labor, Jewish Home and Meretz parties have systems in which the leadership and most candidates are elected in inner-party primary elections.

  • Likud party primary election was first preceded to 23 February 2016 following Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's proposal,[6] and later canceled by party court arguing that according to the Likud constitution, there was no need for a vote when only one candidate is running after only Netanyahu filed to run in the primaries.[7][8]
  • Jewish Home Party held its leadership primaries on 27 April 2017. Naftali Bennett won with 80.3% of the vote, Yonatan Branski received 12.2%, and Yitzhak Zagha received 7.47%.[9]
  • Labor Party held its leadership primaries on 10 July 2017. Avi Gabbay defeated Amir Peretz in the runoff, with Isaac Herzog being defeated during the first round of voting.[10]

Opinion polls[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Weekend Perspective: The undecided factors of the next election". Knesset Jeremy. 10 April 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  2. ^ "Netanyahu to meet with Lieberman over coalition crisis". Ynet News. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018. 
  3. ^ "Meretz, Yesh Atid seek to dissolve the Knesset". Ynet News. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018. 
  4. ^ "In last-minute deal, coalition okays compromise to dodge early elections". The Times of Israel. 13 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018. 
  5. ^ "With Bader-Ofer method, not every ballot counts". The Jerusalem Post. 16 March 2014. 
  6. ^ Lis, Jonathan (30 December 2015). "In Win for Netanyahu, Likud Votes for Early Primaries, Safeguarding His Leadership". Haaretz. 
  7. ^ Lis, Jonathan (13 January 2016). "Likud Calls Off Leadership Vote: Netanyahu to Remain Party Head Through 2023". Haaretz. Retrieved 10 January 2018. 
  8. ^ "Netanyahu declared Likud leader for seventh term". The Jerusalem Post. 14 January 2016. 
  9. ^ Wootliff, Raoul (28 April 2017). "Bennett wins sweeping victory in Jewish Home leadership race". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  10. ^ Kershner, Isabel (10 July 2017). "Israeli Labor Party Tries a New Leader: Gabbay, Self-Made Millionaire". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 March 2018. 

External links[edit]