Next Italian general election

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Next Italian general election

← 2018 No later than 28 May 2023

All 630 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
and 315 (out of 321) seats in the Senate of the Republic
Opinion polls

  First party Second party Third party
  Luigi Di Maio 2018.jpg Matteo Salvini Viminale (cropped).jpg Maurizio Martina daticamera.jpg
Leader Luigi Di Maio Matteo Salvini Maurizio Martina
Party Five Star Movement League Democratic Party
Leader since 23 September 2017 15 December 2013 12 March 2018
Leader's seat Acerra (C) Calabria (S) Lombardy (C)
Last election 227 C / 112 S
32.7%
125 C / 58 S
17.4%
112 C / 53 S
18.8%
Seats before 221 C / 109 S 125 C / 58 S 111 C / 53 S

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Silvio Berlusconi 2018.jpg Giorgia Meloni daticamera.jpg Pietro Grasso datisenato (cropped).jpg
Leader Silvio Berlusconi Giorgia Meloni Pietro Grasso
Party Forza Italia Brothers of Italy Free and Equal
Leader since 18 January 1994 8 March 2014 3 December 2017
Leader's seat Not in Parliament Latina (C) Sicily (S)
Last election 104 C / 57 S
14.0%
32 C / 18 S
4.4%
14 C / 4 S
3.4%
Seats before 105 C / 61 S 32 C / 18 S 14 C / 4 S

Prime Minister before election

Giuseppe Conte
Independent

Elected Prime Minister

TBD

The next Italian general election is due to be held on or before 28 May 2023.

Under the current Constitution, voters would elect 630 members of the Chamber of Deputies and 315 members of the Senate of the Republic for the 19th Parliament of Italy.

Electoral system[edit]

The electoral system is a parallel voting system, with 37% of seats allocated using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) and 63% using proportional representation, allocated with the largest remainder method, with one round of voting.[1][2]

The 630 deputies are elected in:[3]

  • 232 in single-member constituencies, by plurality;
  • 386 in multi-member constituencies, by national proportional representation;
  • 12 in multi-member abroad constituencies, by constituency proportional representation.

The 315 elected senators are elected in:[3]

  • 116 in single-member constituencies, by plurality;
  • 193 in multi-member constituencies, by regional proportional representation;
  • 6 in multi-member abroad constituencies, by constituency proportional representation.

A small, variable number of senators for life are also members of the Senate.

For Italian residents, each house members are elected by single ballots, including the constituency candidate and his/her supporting party lists. In each single-member constituency the deputy/senator is elected on a plurality basis, while the seats in multi-member constituencies will be allocated nationally. In order to be calculated in single-member constituency results, parties need to obtain at least 1% of the national vote. In order to receive seats in multi-member constituencies, parties need to obtain at least 3% of the national vote. Elects from multi-member constituencies will come from closed lists.[4]

The single voting paper, containing both first-past-the-post candidates and the party lists, shows the names of the candidates to single-member constituencies and, in close conjunction with them, the symbols of the linked lists for the proportional part, each one with a list of the relative candidates.[5]

The voter can cast their vote in three different ways:[6]

  • Drawing a sign on the symbol of a list: in this case the vote extends to the candidate in the single-member constituency which is supported by that list.
  • Drawing a sign on the name of the candidate of the single-member constituency and another one on the symbol of one list that supports them: the result is the same as that described above; it is not allowed, under penalty of annulment, the panachage, so the voter can not vote simultaneously for a candidate in the FPTP constituency and for a list which is not linked to them.
  • Drawing a sign only on the name of the candidate for the FPTP constituency, without indicating any list: in this case, the vote is valid for the candidate in the single-member constituency and also automatically extended to the list that supports them; if that candidate is however connected to several lists, the vote is divided proportionally between them, based on the votes that each one has obtained in that constituency.

Parties and leaders[edit]

This is a list of the main active parties which would likely participate in the election and are polled in most opinion surveys.

Party Ideology Leader Current Seats
Deputies Senators
Five Star Movement (M5S) Populism Luigi Di Maio
221
109
League (LN) Right-wing populism Matteo Salvini
125
58
Democratic Party (PD) Social democracy Maurizio Martina
111
53
Forza Italia (FI) Liberal conservatism Silvio Berlusconi
105
61
Brothers of Italy (FdI) National conservatism Giorgia Meloni
32
18
Free and Equal (LeU) Social democracy Pietro Grasso
14
4
More Europe (+E) Liberalism Emma Bonino
3
1
Us with Italy (NcI) Christian democracy Raffaele Fitto
3
0

Opinion polls[edit]

6-point average trend line of poll results from 4 March 2018 to the present day, with each line corresponding to a political party.
  M5S
  PD
  LN
  FI
  FdI
  LeU
  +E
  NcI

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Giuseppe Alberto Falci (2017-03-10). "Rosatellum, come funziona la legge elettorale e cosa prevede". Corriere.it. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  2. ^ "Rosatellum 2.0, tutti i rischi del nuovo Patto del Nazareno". Ilsole24ore.com. 2017-09-21. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  3. ^ a b Chughtai, Alia (4 March 2018). "Understanding Italian elections 2018". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  4. ^ Pregliasco, Lorenzo; Cavallaro, Matteo (15 January 2018). "'Hand-to-hand' combat in Italy's election". Politico. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Elezioni, come si vota con il Rosatellum, debutta la nuova scheda elettorale". Today.it. 2017-10-20. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  6. ^ AGI - Agenzia Giornalistica Italia (2017-07-23). "Il Rosatellum bis è legge. Ma come funziona?". Agi.it. Retrieved 2018-03-04.