Next Italian general election
All 400 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
200 seats in the Senate
The next Italian general election is due to be held no later than 1 June 2023.
In the 2018 Italian general election, no political group or party won an outright majority, resulting in a hung parliament. On 4 March, the centre-right alliance, in which Matteo Salvini's League emerged as the main political force, won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate, while the anti-establishment Five Star Movement (M5S) led by Luigi Di Maio became the party with the largest number of votes. The centre-left coalition, led by Matteo Renzi, came third. As a result, protracted negotiations were required before a new government could be formed.
The talks between the Five Star Movement and the League resulted in the proposal of the so-called "government of change" under the leadership of university professor Giuseppe Conte, a law professor close to the M5S. After some bickering with President Sergio Mattarella, Conte's cabinet, which was dubbed by the media as Western European "first all-populist government", was sworn in on 1 June.
In August 2019, Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini announced a motion of no confidence against Conte, after growing tensions within the majority. Many political analysts believe the no confidence motion was an attempt to force early elections to improve Lega's standing in Parliament, ensuring Salvini could become the next Prime Minister. On 20 August, following the parliamentary debate in which Conte harshly accused Salvini of being a political opportunist who "had triggered the political crisis only to serve his personal interest", the Prime Minister resigned his post to President Sergio Mattarella.
On 21 August, Mattarella started the consultations with all the parliamentary groups. On the same day, the national direction of the Democratic Party (PD) officially opened to a cabinet with the Five Star Movement, based on pro-Europeanism, a green economy, sustainable development, the fight against economic inequality and a new immigration policy. However, the talks with President Mattarella resulted in an unclear outcome; thus, Mattarella announced a second round of consultation for 27 or 28 August.
In the days that preceded the second round, a confrontation between the PD and M5S started, while the left-wing Free and Equal (LeU) announced that they would support a potential M5S–PD cabinet. On 28 August, the leader of the Democratic Party, Nicola Zingaretti, announced at the Quirinal Palace his favorable position on forming a new government with the Five Stars with Giuseppe Conte at its head. On same day, Mattarella summoned Conte to the Quirinal Palace for the 29 August to give him the task of forming a new cabinet. On 3 September, the members of the Five Star Movement voted on the so-called "Rousseau Platform" in favor of an agreement with the Democrats, under the premiership of Giuseppe Conte, with more than 79% of votes out of nearly 80,000 voters. On 4 September, Conte announced the ministers of his new cabinet, which was sworn in at the Quirinal Palace on the following day.
Under Conte's governments, the Italian Parliament approved the so-called "Fraccaro Reform", from the name of the M5S deputy who was the bill's first signatory. The reform was finally approved by the Parliament, with the fourth and final vote in the Chamber of Deputies on 8 October 2019 with 553 votes in favor and 14 against. In the final vote, the bill was supported both by the majority and the opposition; only the liberal party More Europe (+Eu) and other small groups voted against. The reform provided a cut in the number of MPs, which would shrink from 630 to 400 deputies and from 315 to 200 senators. On 20 and 21 September 2020, Italians largely approved the reform with nearly 70% of votes.
The Italian electoral law of 2017 used in 2018 Italian general election has not been modified, after the 2020 Italian constitutional referendum, to function with 600 MPs and is expected to be replaced entirely or its FPTP districts be redesigned on the Italian territory for the 2023 election.
Date of the election
According to articles 60 and 61 of the Italian Constitution the election of both Houses of Parliament must take place every five years and no later than seventy days after the end of the previous legislature.
Parties and leaders
This is a list of the main active parties which would likely participate in the election and are polled in most opinion surveys.
|Five Star Movement (M5S)||Populism||Vito Crimi (acting)|
|League (Lega)||Right-wing populism||Matteo Salvini|
|Forza Italia (FI)||Liberal conservatism||Silvio Berlusconi|
|Democratic Party (PD)||Social democracy||Nicola Zingaretti|
|Brothers of Italy (FdI)||National conservatism||Giorgia Meloni|
|Italia Viva (IV)||Liberalism||Matteo Renzi|
|Article One (Art. 1)||Social democracy||Roberto Speranza|
|Cambiamo! (C!)||Liberal conservatism||Giovanni Toti|
|The Left (LS)||Democratic socialism||collective leadership|
|Action (Azione)||Social liberalism||Carlo Calenda|
|More Europe (+Eu)||Liberalism||Benedetto Della Vedova|
|Green Europe (EV)||Green politics||collective leadership|
- At the 2018 Italian general election Salvini ran as capolista (list leader) for the League in five constituencies, namely Calabria 1, Lazio 1, Lombardy 4, Liguria 1 and Sicily 2. He was originally elected in the Calabria 1 constituency. On 31 July 2019 the electoral commission of the Senate finally ruled for assigning Salvini's contested seat to Forza Italia; Salvini then took the Lazio 1 seat in substitution of the League senator Papaevangeliu.
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