Next Italian general election

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Next Italian general election

← 2022 No later than 22 December 2027

All 400 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (C)
All 200 elective seats in the Senate of the Republic (S)
Opinion polls
  First party Second party Third party
Giorgia Meloni video message to the 2022 NIAF Gala (cropped).jpg
Elly Schlein 2023 (cropped).jpg
Leader Giorgia Meloni Elly Schlein Matteo Salvini
Party Brothers of Italy Democratic Party League
Alliance Centre-right Centre-left Centre-right
Leader since 8 March 2014 12 March 2023 15 December 2013
Leader's seat L'Aquila (C) Veneto 2 (C) Apulia (S)
Seats before 119 (C· 65 (S) 69 (C· 40 (S) 66 (C· 30 (S)

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Giuseppe Conte (cropped).jpg
Silvio Berlusconi 2018 (cropped).jpg
Carlo Calenda cropped.jpg
Leader Giuseppe Conte Silvio Berlusconi Carlo Calenda
Party Five Star Movement Forza Italia Action – Italia Viva
Alliance Centre-right
Leader since 6 August 2021 16 November 2013 11 August 2022
Leader's seat Lombardy (C) Monza (S) Lazio (S)
Seats before 52 (C· 28 (S) 45 (C· 18 (S) 21 (C· 9 (S)

Prime Minister before election

Giorgia Meloni
Brothers of Italy

Prime Minister after the election


The next Italian general election will occur no later than 22 December 2027,[nb 1] and may be called earlier as a snap election.


Electoral system[edit]

The electoral law currently in force in Italy assignes seats in both houses of the Italian Parliament using mixed-member majoritarian representation.

The 400 deputies are to be elected as follows:[2]

  • 147 in single-member constituencies by plurality (FPTP).
  • 245 in multi-member constituencies by national proportional representation.
  • 8 in multi-member abroad constituencies by constituency proportional representation.

The 200 elective senators are to be elected as follows:[2]

  • 74 in single-member constituencies by plurality (FPTP).
  • 122 in multi-member constituencies by regional proportional representation.
  • 4 in multi-member abroad constituencies by constituency proportional representation.

For Italian residents, each house member is to be elected in single ballots, including the constituency candidate and their supporting party lists. In each single-member constituency, the deputy or senator is elected on a plurality basis, while the seats in multi-member constituencies are allocated nationally. In order to be calculated in single-member constituency results, parties need to obtain at least 1% of the national vote and be part of a coalition obtaining at least 10% of the national vote. In order to receive seats in multi-member constituencies, parties need to obtain at least 3% of the national vote. Elects from multi-member constituencies would come from closed lists.[3]

The voting paper, which is a single one for the FPTP and the proportional systems, shows the names of the candidates to single-member constituencies and in close conjunction with them the symbols of the linked lists for the proportional part, each one with a list of the relative candidates.[4] The voter is able to cast their vote in three different ways, among them:[5]

  • Drawing a sign on the symbol of a list. In this case, the vote extends to the candidate in the single-member constituency that is supported by that list.
  • Drawing a sign on the name of the candidate of the single-member constituency and another one on the symbol of one list that supports them; the result is the same as that described above. Under penalty of annullment, the panachage is not allowed, so the voter cannot vote simultaneously for a candidate in the FPTP constituency and for a list which is not linked to them.
  • Drawing a sign only on the name of the candidate for the FPTP constituency, without indicating any list. In this case, the vote is valid for the candidate in the single-member constituency and also automatically extended to the list that supports them; however, if that candidate is connected to several lists, the vote is divided proportionally between them, based on the votes that each one has obtained in that constituency.

Opinion polls[edit]

Local regression trend line of poll results from 25 September 2022 to the election day, with each line corresponding to the next general election party lists

See also[edit]


  1. ^ While elections in Italy are customarily held on a Sunday or Sunday and Monday, there is no constitutional requirement to do so; the latest possibile date for a general election to be held is the 70th day following the expiration of the Parliament's five-year term.[1]


  1. ^ "Constitution of the Italian Republic" (PDF). Parliamentary Information, Archives and Publications Office of the Senate Service for Official Reports and Communication. Retrieved 29 October 2022.
  2. ^ a b Chughtai, Alia (4 March 2018). "Understanding Italian elections 2018". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  3. ^ Cavallaro, Matteo; Pregliasco, Lorenzo (15 January 2018). "'Hand-to-hand' combat in Italy's election". Politico. Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  4. ^ "Elezioni, come si vota con il Rosatellum, debutta la nuova scheda elettorale". Today (in Italian). 20 October 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Il Rosatellum bis è legge. Ma come funziona" (in Italian). AGI. 23 July 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2022.

External links[edit]