Next Japanese general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
48th Japanese general election
Japan
2014 ←
on or before 13 December 2018

All 475 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan:
295 first-past-the-post in single-member districts, 180 by d'Hondt proportional in 11 regional blocs
  First party Second party Third party
  Shinzō Abe April 2014.jpg Minister Okada.jpg Natsuo Yamaguchi-1.jpg
Leader Shinzō Abe Katsuya Okada Natsuo Yamaguchi
Party Liberal Democratic Democratic Kōmeitō
Leader since 26 September 2012 14 December 2014 8 September 2009
Leader's seat Yamaguchi-4th Mie-3rd not contesting (Coun.)
Last election 291 seats
48.1% (district)
33.11% (block)
73 seats
22.5% (district)
18.33% (block)
35 seats
1.5% (district)
13.71% (block)
Seats before 291 seats 71 seats 35 seats

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Kazuo Shii cropped.jpg JIP Ichiro Matsui Ishin IMG 5775 20130713.JPG
Leader Kazuo Shii Yorihisa Matsuno Ichirō Matsui
Party Communist Innovation Initiatives
Leader since 24 November 2000 19 May 2015 2 November 2015
Leader's seat Minami-Kantō PR Kumamoto-1st not contesting
(Gov. of Osaka)
Last election 21 seats
13.3% (district)
11.37% (block)
41 seats
8.2% (district)
15.72% (block)
New
Seats before 21 seats 21 seats 13 seats

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  VoR PLP SDP
Leader Toshihide Muraoka Ichirō Ozawa
Taro Yamamoto
Tadatomo Yoshida
Party Reform People's Life Social Democratic
Leader since 21 December 2015 21 December 2015 26 October 2013
Leader's seat Tohoku PR Iwate-4th
not contesting (Coun.)
not contesting (Coun.)
Last election New 2 seats
0.97% (district)
1.93% (block)
2 seats
0.79% (district)
2.46% (block)
Seats before 5 seats 2 seats 2 seats

Japan Districts of the House of Representatives map font.png

Parliamentary districts not including proportional blocks

Prime Minister before election

Shinzō Abe
Liberal Democratic

Prime Minister-designate

TBD

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Japan
Japan portal

The 48th general election of members of the House of Representatives (第48回衆議院議員総選挙 dai-yonjūhachikai Shūgiin giin sōsenkyo?) is due to take place on or before 13 December 2018, a barring by Constitution of Japan. Voting will take place in all Representatives constituencies of Japan – 295 single-member districts and eleven proportional blocks –, in order to appoint all 475 members of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the 717-member bicameral National Diet of Japan. As the cabinet has to resign after a general House of Representatives election in the first post-election Diet session (Constitution, Article 70), the lower house election will also lead to a new designation election of the prime minister in the Diet, and the appointment of a new cabinet (even if the same ministers are re-appointed).

Date of the election[edit]

Under the post-occupation interpretation of Article 7 of the Constitution, the cabinet may instruct the Emperor to dissolve the House of Representatives before the end of term at will. Elections must be held within 40 days after dissolution.

The only time in postwar history that the House of Representatives was not dissolved before the end of its term was in 1976. If the House of Representatives completes a full four-year term, the election must be held within 30 days before that. Under certain conditions if the Diet is in session or scheduled to open at that time, the election could take place somewhat beyond the actual end of term under the "public offices election act" (kōshokusenkyohō).[1]

As of June 2015, the Democratic Party of Japan was reportedly preparing a roster of up to 250 candidates so as to be prepared in the event that the next general election is held alongside the scheduled House of Councillors election in the summer of 2016.[2]

Polling[edit]

Parties' approval ratings since last GE
Date Polling Firm/Source LDP DPJ JIP K JPC PJK SDP PLP IO VoR AEJ Oth. No
party
Und.
5-7 Feb NHK 37.6 9.6 0.8 3.6 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.0 1.6 0.0 0.1 35.1 7.4
9-11 Jan NHK 37.5 8.1 0.3 4.3 4.2 0.0 0.6 0.3 1.9 0.1 0.0 0.2 33.1 9.4
2016
11-13 Dec NHK 37.5 8.5 0.5 4.7 5.0 0.0 0.5 0.1 1.8 0.2 34.3 7.0
6-8 Nov NHK 37.1 8.4 0.5 3.4 4.1 0.0 0.5 0.3 1.1 0.1 36.3 8.2
10-12 Oct NHK 35.6 8.6 0.7 3.3 4.2 0.2 0.9 0.3 0.1 35.7 10.3
11–13 Sep NHK 34.7 9.8 1.3 3.7 4.0 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.6 36.2 9.0
7–9 Aug NHK 34.3 10.9 2.5 3.0 4.2 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.1 34.5 9.6
18–19 Jul Asahi Shimbun 31.0 9.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 41.0 7.0
11–12 Jul Asahi Shimbun 32.0 8.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 38.0 10.0
10–12 Jul NHK 34.7 7.7 2.5 4.2 3.3 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.1 36.8 9.5
20–21 Jun Asahi Shimbun 36.0 7.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 41.0 7.0
5–7 Jun NHK 35.8 9.4 2.6 3.6 4.4 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.2 33.9 9.3
16–17 May Asahi Shimbun 39.0 7.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 33.0 10.0
8–10 May NHK 37.5 7.8 2.0 5.3 3.5 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.0 34.7 8.4
18–19 Apr Asahi Shimbun 36.0 7.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 34.0 10.0
10–12 Apr NHK 37.8 9.2 3.6 4.1 4.8 0.2 0.9 0.1 0.3 29.2 9.9
14–15 Mar Asahi Shimbun 38.0 8.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 37.0 8.0
6–8 Mar NHK 36.7 10.9 2.0 3.8 4.6 0.0 1.6 0.3 0.3 31.8 8.1
14–15 Feb Asahi Shimbun 40.0 7.0 2.0 4.0 4.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 35.0 7.0
6–8 Feb NHK 41.2 10.3 2.2 4.9 4.2 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.1 29.7 6.5
17–18 Jan Asahi Shimbun 33.0 9.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 38.0 7.0
10–12 Jan NHK 39.4 9.2 2.7 4.0 3.7 0.4 0.8 0.1 0.2 31.9 7.7
2015
15–16 Dec Asahi Shimbun 35.0 7.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 33.0 12.0
14 Dec 2014 General Election 33.1 18.3 15.7 13.7 11.4 2.7 2.5 1.9 N/A N/A N/A 0.7 N/A N/A
Cabinet approval/disapproval ratings
Date Polling Firm/Source PM Approval Disapproval No Opinion
5-7 Feb NHK Shinzo Abe 50% 34% 16%
9-11 Jan NHK Shinzo Abe 46% 35% 19%
2016
11-13 Dec NHK Shinzo Abe 46% 36% 18%
6-8 Nov NHK Shinzo Abe 47% 39% 14%
10-12 Oct NHK Shinzo Abe 43% 40% 17%
11–13 Sep NHK Shinzo Abe 43% 39% 18%
7–9 Aug NHK Shinzo Abe 37% 46% 17%
18–19 Jul Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 37% 46% 17%
11–12 Jun Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 39% 42% 19%
10–12 Jul NHK Shinzo Abe 41% 43% 16%
20–21 Jun Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 39% 37% 24%
5–7 Jun NHK Shinzo Abe 48% 34% 18%
16–17 May Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 45% 32% 23%
8–10 May NHK Shinzo Abe 51% 32% 17%
18–19 Apr Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 44% 35% 21%
10–12 Apr NHK Shinzo Abe 51% 34% 15%
14–15 Mar Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 46% 33% 21%
6–8 Mar NHK Shinzo Abe 46% 37% 17%
14–15 Feb Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 50% 31% 19%
6–8 Feb NHK Shinzo Abe 54% 29% 17%
17–18 Jan Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 42% 37% 21%
10–12 Jan NHK Shinzo Abe 50% 32% 18%
2015
15–16 Dec Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 43% 34% 23%
5–7 Dec NHK Shinzo Abe 47% 38% 15%
2014

References[edit]

  1. ^ MIC/e-gov legal database: 公職選挙法, chapter 5 (election dates), article 31 (general elections)
  2. ^ "民主、衆参同日選も想定 年内に候補者170人擁立めざす". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 6 June 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2015.