Next Japanese general election

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48th Japanese general election
Japan
2014 ←
on or before 13 December 2018

All 475 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan:
295 first-past-the-post in single-member districts, 180 by d'Hondt proportional in 11 regional blocs
  First party Second party Third party
  Shinzō Abe April 2014.jpg Minister Okada.jpg JIP
Leader Shinzō Abe Katsuya Okada Yorihisa Matsuno
Party Liberal Democratic Democratic Innovation
Leader since 26 September 2012 14 December 2014 19 May 2015
Leader's seat Yamaguchi-4th Mie-3rd Kumamoto-1st
Last election 291 seats
48.1% (district)
33.11% (block)
73 seats
22.5% (district)
18.33% (block)
41 seats
8.2% (district)
15.72% (block)
Seats before 291 seats 73 seats 41 seats

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Natsuo Yamaguchi-1.jpg Kazuo Shii cropped.jpg SDP
Leader Natsuo Yamaguchi Kazuo Shii Tadatomo Yoshida
Party Kōmeitō Communist Social Democratic
Leader since 8 September 2009 24 November 2000 14 October 2013
Leader's seat not contesting (Coun.) Minami-Kantō PR not contesting (Coun.)
Last election 35 seats
1.5% (district)
13.71% (block)
21 seats
13.3% (district)
11.37% (block)
2 seats
0.8% (district)
2.46% (block)
Seats before 35 seats 21 seats 2 seats

Japan Districts of the House of Representatives map font.png

Parliamentary districts not including proportional blocks

Prime Minister before election

Shinzō Abe
Liberal Democratic

Prime Minister-designate

TBD

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The 48th general election of members of the House of Representatives (第48回衆議院議員総選挙 dai-yonjūhachikai Shūgiin giin sōsenkyo?) is due to take place on or before 13 December 2018, a barring by Constitution of Japan. Voting will take place in all Representatives constituencies of Japan including proportional blocks, in order to appoint Members of Diet to seats in the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. As the cabinet has to resign after a general House of Representatives election in the first post-election Diet session (Constitution, Article 70), the lower house election will also lead to a new designation election of the prime minister in the Diet, and the appointment of a new cabinet (even if the same ministers are re-appointed).

Date of the election[edit]

Under the post-occupation interpretation of Article 7 of the Constitution, the cabinet may instruct the Emperor to dissolve the House of Representatives before the end of term at will. Elections must be held within 40 days after dissolution.

The only time in postwar history that the House of Representatives was not dissolved before the end of its term was in 1976. If the House of Representatives completes a full four-year term, the election must be held within 30 days before that.

As of June 2015, the Democratic Party of Japan was reportedly preparing a roster of up to 250 candidates so as to be prepared in the event that the next general election is held alongside the scheduled House of Councillors election in the summer of 2016.[1]

Polling[edit]

Parties' approval ratings since last GE
Date Polling Firm/Source LDP DPJ JIP K JPC PFG SDP PLP Others No party Undec.
7–9 Aug NHK 34.3 10.9 2.5 3.0 4.2 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.1 34.5 9.6
18–19 Jul Asahi Shimbun 31.0 9.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 41.0 7.0
11–12 Jul Asahi Shimbun 32.0 8.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 38.0 10.0
10–12 Jul NHK 34.7 7.7 2.5 4.2 3.3 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.1 36.8 9.5
20–21 Jun Asahi Shimbun 36.0 7.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 41.0 7.0
5–7 Jun NHK 35.8 9.4 2.6 3.6 4.4 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.2 33.9 9.3
16–17 May Asahi Shimbun 39.0 7.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 33.0 10.0
8–10 May NHK 37.5 7.8 2.0 5.3 3.5 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.0 34.7 8.4
18–19 Apr Asahi Shimbun 36.0 7.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 34.0 10.0
10–12 Apr NHK 37.8 9.2 3.6 4.1 4.8 0.2 0.9 0.1 0.3 29.2 9.9
14–15 Mar Asahi Shimbun 38.0 8.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 37.0 8.0
6–8 Mar NHK 36.7 10.9 2.0 3.8 4.6 0.0 1.6 0.3 0.3 31.8 8.1
14–15 Feb Asahi Shimbun 40.0 7.0 2.0 4.0 4.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 35.0 7.0
6–8 Feb NHK 41.2 10.3 2.2 4.9 4.2 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.1 29.7 6.5
17–18 Jan Asahi Shimbun 33.0 9.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 38.0 7.0
10–12 Jan NHK 39.4 9.2 2.7 4.0 3.7 0.4 0.8 0.1 0.2 31.9 7.7
2015
15–16 Dec Asahi Shimbun 35.0 7.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 33.0 12.0
14 Dec 2014 General Election 33.1 18.3 15.7 13.7 11.4 2.7 2.5 1.9 0.7 N/A N/A
Cabinet approval/disapproval ratings
Date Polling Firm/Source PM Approval Disapproval
7–9 Aug NHK Shinzo Abe 37% 46%
18–19 Jul Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 37% 46%
11–12 Jun Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 39% 42%
10–12 Jul NHK Shinzo Abe 41% 43%
20–21 Jun Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 39% 37%
5–7 Jun NHK Shinzo Abe 48% 34%
16–17 May Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 45% 32%
8–10 May NHK Shinzo Abe 51% 32%
18–19 Apr Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 44% 35%
10–12 Apr NHK Shinzo Abe 51% 34%
14–15 Mar Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 46% 33%
6–8 Mar NHK Shinzo Abe 46% 37%
14–15 Feb Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 50% 31%
6–8 Feb NHK Shinzo Abe 54% 29%
17–18 Jan Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 42% 37%
10–12 Jan NHK Shinzo Abe 50% 32%
2015
15–16 Dec Asahi Shimbun Shinzo Abe 43% 34%
5–7 Dec NHK Shinzo Abe 47% 38%
2014

References[edit]

  1. ^ "民主、衆参同日選も想定 年内に候補者170人擁立めざす". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 6 June 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2015.