The next Maltese general election must be held not later than Saturday, 20 June 2018. The Labour government of prime minister Joseph Muscat, elected in 2013, is expected to face the Nationalist Party of opposition leader Simon Busuttil and four other parties. This election will have the most parties fielding candidates since 1962.
The Maltese political landscape is regarded as one of the most pure two-party systems of the 21st century, and has been dominated by moderate centre-left and centre-right groups for decades; no third parties have elected MPs since the 1962 election. Six parties are expected to field candidates in the 2018 election, the first time since 1962 that Maltese voters will have that many parties on the ballot:
The Maltese voting system is a variant of proportional representation, achieved through the use of the single transferable vote, with five MPs to be returned from each of thirteen districts. Overall, there are 65 constituency seats, with a variable number of at-large seats added to ensure that the overall first-preference votes are reflected in the composition of the House of Representatives.