Next Romanian legislative election

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Next Romanian legislative election

← 2016 On or before 21 March 2021 2024 →

All 329 seats in the Chamber and all 136 seats in the Senate
165 seats in the Chamber and 69 seats in the Senate; 234 overall seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Marcel Ciolacu.png OrbanLudovicRO.jpg Dan Barna - president of USR.jpg
Leader Marcel Ciolacu Ludovic Orban Dan Barna
Party PSD PNL USR
Leader since 26 November 2019 17 June 2017 28 October 2017
Leader's seat DBuzău did not stand DSibiu
Last election 67 S / 154 D 30 S / 69 D 13 S / 30 D

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  KelemenHunorFotoThalerTamas.jpg Victor Ponta la semnarea declaratiei politice privind infiintarea USL 2.0 - 14.11 (4) (15621866127) (cropped 2).jpg
Leader Hunor Kelemen Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu Eugen Tomac
Party UDMR ALDE PMP
Leader since 26 February 2011 19 June 2015 16 June 2018
Leader's seat DHarghita SBucharest DBucharest[1]
Last election 9 S / 21 D 9 S / 20 D 8 S / 18 D

Prime Minister before election

Ludovic Orban
PNL

Prime Minister-designate

TBD

Coat of arms of Romania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Romania

Legislative elections are scheduled to be held in Romania in late 2020 or early 2021, provided that Parliament is not dissolved earlier.

Electoral system[edit]

The 329 members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected by several methods: 308 are elected from 42 multi-member constituencies based on counties and Bucharest, using proportional representation, four are elected using proportional representation from a constituency representing Romanians living abroad. Parties must pass a threshold of 5% of the national vote or at least 20% of the vote in four constituencies. Further seats can be added for ethnic minority groups that compete in the elections and pass a special (lower) threshold (currently 17).[2]

The 136 members of the Senate are elected from 43 constituencies based on the 41 counties (a total of 121 seats), Bucharest (13 seats) and one for Romanians living overseas (two seats).[3]

Government[edit]

The previous election led to a large victory for Liviu Dragnea's Social Democratic Party (PSD), although it fell short of an absolute majority. It made a coalition agreement with the ALDE, forming the Grindeanu Cabinet in January 2017. However, it didn't last long and was replaced by the Tudose Cabinet in June 2017, which didn't last either. The Dăncilă Cabinet took office in January 2018 and was dismissed by a motion of no confidence in October 2019, being subsequently replaced by the PNL minority Orban Cabinet in November 2019.

Parties[edit]

Party Established Leader Ideology Seats before election
Social Democratic Party 2001
(1989)
Marcel Ciolacu S – 67
D – 154
National Liberal Party 1990
(1875)
Ludovic Orban S – 30
D – 69
Save Romania Union 2015 Dan Barna S – 13
D – 30
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 1989 Hunor Kelemen S – 9
D – 21
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2015 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu S – 9
D – 20
People's Movement Party 2014 Eugen Tomac S – 8
D – 18
Democratic Forum of Germans 1989 Paul-Jürgen Porr S – 0
D – 1
United Romania Party 2015 Robert Bugă S – 0
D – 0
Greater Romania Party 1991 Victor Iovici S – 0
D – 0
Romanian Ecologist Party 1990 Dănuț Pop Green liberalism S – 0
D – 0
Romanian Socialist Party 2003 Constantin Rotaru S – 0
D – 0
Green Party 2005 Constantin Damov Green politics S – 0
D – 0
Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party 1989 Aurelian Pavelescu S – 0
D – 0
M10 2015 Ioana Constantin S – 0
D – 0
PRO Romania 2018[4] Victor Ponta New
Freedom, Unity and Solidarity Party 2018[6] Dacian Cioloș New

Opinion polls[edit]

Romanian Legislative Polls Feb19.png
Date Poll source Sample size PSD PNL USR UDMR ALDE PMP PRO PLUS Other Lead
4–18 Dec 2019 IMAS 1,011 18.5 45.0 11.5 5.0 3.5 3.0 6.4 3.5 4.6 26.5
13–18 Dec 2019 Sociopol 1,000 23 47 13 4 2 3 5 [a] 3 24
11–27 Nov 2019 IMAS 1,011 21.3 39.0 12.6 4.2 3.3 2.9 6.4 5.6 4.7 17.7
24 Nov 2019 Iohannis re-elected President of Romania with 66.09% of votes
25 Oct–3 Nov 2019 USR 1,225 24.0 38.2 20.0 4.5 4.3 4.8 [a] 4.2 14.2
8–28 Oct 2019 IMAS 1,010 21.2 29.6 16.4 5.5 4.3 3.4 10.7 4.5 4.4 8.4
15–23 Oct 2019 USR N/A 24.9 36.8 19.9 4.0 4.0 6.5 [a] 3.9 11.9
10 Oct 2019 Dăncilă ousted as Prime minister, following a vote of no confidence from the parliament.
3–24 Sep 2019 USR 1,500 25.3 36.8 21.2 2.9 3.2 5.6 [a] 5.2 11.5
16–20 Sep 2019 Socio-Data 1,070 25 28 22 5 4 5 9 [a] 2 3
9–13 Sep 2019 Socio-Data 1,070 26 32 22 4 5 3 6 [a] 2 6
2–6 Sep 2019 Socio-Data 1,070 24 32 21 4 3 5 9 [a] 2 8
26–30 Aug 2019 Socio-Data 1,070 22 26 24 4 6 5 10 [a] 3 2
5–28 Aug 2019 IMAS 1,010 17.9 28.4 19.8 4.6 7.4 2.9 8.7 5.5 4.8 8.6
19 Jul–5 Aug 2019 CURS 1,600 24 31 20 4 8 5 7 [a] 1 7
15 Jul–2 Aug 2019 IMAS 1,010 19.4 25.5 21.4 4.2 7.3 2.9 9.0 6.0 4.2 4.1
28 Jun–8 Jul 2019 CURS 1,067 26 29 22 4 5 4 8 [a] 2 3
7–26 Jun 2019 IMAS 1,010 18.9 27.5 17.6 2.5 8.5 3.7 9.8 7.6 3.8 8.6
26 May 2019 European Union European elections 22.5 27.0 22.4 5.3 4.1 5.8 6.4 [a] 6.5 4.5
2–20 May 2019 IMAS 1,010 21.4 29.3 14.4 3.3 10.2 5.5 8.0 6.3 1.7 7.9
5–28 Apr 2019 CURS 1,500 32 25 12 5 10 5 9 [a] 2 7
12–25 Mar 2019 CURS 1,067 31 23 13 5 10 6 8 [a] 4 8
1–21 Feb 2019 IMAS 1,010 23.4 23.6 10.5 5.0 12.4 3.5 11.1 8.0 2.5 0.2
21 Jan–6 Feb 2019 CURS 1,067 31 21 9 5 10 5 8 4 7 10
28 Jan–4 Feb 2019 Sociopol 1,003 33 20 9 4 11 2 8 6 7 13
11–30 Jan 2019 IMAS 1,011 25.3 22.1 11.0 4.4 13.4 3.8 8.1 8.9 3.2 3.2
12–20 Jan 2019 BCS N/A 23.0 23.7 6.5 4.8 8.1 9.3 10.7 8.1 5.8 0.7
Jan 2019 PNL 26,000 30.2 27.0 10.2 5.0 11.6 4.2 5.5 5.0 1.3 3.2
4–20 Dec 2018 IMAS 1,010 25.2 26.1 11.5 4.6 9.6 2.5 6.2 8.1 6.2 0.9
24 Nov–9 Dec 2018 CURS 1,067 33 20 7 6 9 5 9 5 6 13
Nov 2018 IMAS 1,010 24.9 23.3 14.8 5.8 11.7 2.1 8.2 9.2 1.6
Oct 2018 IMAS N/A 27.6 21.9 13.1 4.7 10.6 4.1 9.6 8.4 5.7
6–7 Oct 2018 Failure of the Constitutional referendum
3–4 Oct 2018 Sociopol 873 38 23 6 4 10 1 5 5 8 15
20 Sep–1 Oct 2018 CURS 1,067 37 22 8 5 9 5 6 5 3 15
Sep 2018 IMAS N/A 28.1 27.1 9.5 5.6 11.4 2.7 10.1 5.5 1.0
22–27 Sep 2018 Sociopol 1,004 36 20 4 4 11 2 7 8 8 16
7–20 Aug 2018 Sociopol 1,005 35 19 8 4 10 3 3 13 5 16
Jul 2018 IRI N/A 26 24 5 1 6 3 7 28 2
Jun 2018 IMAS 1,200 28.4 29.2 11.3 5.0 8.6 2.8 8.0 6.7 0.8
23 Jun–1 Jul 2018 CURS 1,067 37 24 7 5 8 4 5 5 4 13
22–26 Jun 2018 Sociopol 917 41 20 7 4 12 1 5 7 3 21
28 May–8 Jun 2018 Sociopol 1,003 40 18 9 5 7 1 3 8 9 22
27 Apr–8 May 2018 CURS 1,067 39 25 6 6 8 5 3 3 5 14
Mar 2018 CURS N/A 39 27 7 12 5 10 12
Feb 2018 IMAS 1,010 28.6 29.4 11.2 6.0 10.6 4.6 9.6 0.8
27 Feb–5 Mar 2018 Sociopol 1,000 34 33 12 6 5 5 5 1
29 Jan 2018 The Dăncilă Cabinet takes office, with the confidence of UDMR and other MPs from national minorities.
16 Jan 2018 Prime minister Tudose resigns, followed by other ministers.
3–10 Jan 2018 CURS 1,068 42 27 5 6 9 5 2 2 6 15
24 Nov–7 Dec 2017 Avangarde 700 46 23 5 5 13 4 4 23
Nov 2017 CURS 1,067 43 27 5 6 9 6 4 16
Sep 2017 IMAS 1,000 38.8 30.9 6.8 5.0 8.1 3.0 7.4 7.9
22 Sep–5 Oct 2017 Sociopol N/A 61 24 2 3 4 3 3 37
28 Aug–14 Sep 2017 Sociopol 1,005 51 27 7 4 6 3 2 24
11–23 Aug 2017 Avangarde 710 46 25 6 5 7 4 7 21
14–29 Jun 2017 Ministers resign. A motion of no-confidence is passed with PSD support. The Tudose Cabinet is sworn in.
15–22 Jun 2017 Avangarde 781 46 30 9 3 6 5 1 16
Apr 2017 IMAS N/A 40.6 25.4 8.2 8.5 15.2
6–14 Mar 2017 Sociopol 1,007 47 21 12 5 6 3 6 26
Jan 2017 IMAS N/A 49.0 20.7 8.3 6.8 28.3
18 Jan–5 Mar 2017 Street protests force the government to withdraw some of its proposed policies
4 Jan 2017 The Grindeanu Cabinet (PSD–ALDE coalition) assumes office
11 Dec 2016 Romania 2016 elections 45.5
154
20.0
69
8.9
30
6.2
21
5.6
20
5.4
18
6.3
25.5

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Within USR.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eugen Tomac was elected as an MP in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania in 2016. However, he successfully stood for election in the European Parliament election in 2019, thus Eugen Tomac resigned his seat in the Romanian Parliament on 20 June 2019 to take up his seat in the European Parliament as an MEP on 2 July 2019.
  2. ^ Electoral system IPU
  3. ^ Electoral system IPU
  4. ^ Maria Tufan (20 February 2018). "Victor Ponta și Daniel Constantin au primit personalitate juridică pentru partidul Pro România". Adevărul (in Romanian).
  5. ^ Valentina Postelnicu (3 September 2017). "Victor Ponta, în partidul Pro România, alături de Daniel Constantin: Nu mi-am propus să rup PSD". Libertatea (in Romanian).
  6. ^ "Dacian Cioloș are, oficial, partid: PLUS". Digi 24 (in Romanian). 15 December 2018.