Next Singaporean general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Next Singaporean general election

← 2020 On or before 23 November 2025
  Lee Hsien Loong June 2018.JPG Pritam Singh Singapore 4 (cropped).jpg 3x4.svg
Leader Lee Hsien Loong Pritam Singh Francis Yuen
Party PAP WP PSP
Last election 61.23%, 83 seats 11.22%, 10 seats 10.18%, 2 seats
Current seats 83 9 2

Incumbent Prime Minister

Lee Hsien Loong
PAP



General elections are due to be held in Singapore by 23 November 2025 to elect the 15th Parliament of Singapore. This election will be the 19th general election in Singapore since 1948 and the 14th since independence.

Background[edit]

According to Article 65 of the Constitution, the maximum term of Parliament is five years from the date of its first sitting following a general election, after which it is dissolved by operation of law. However, the President can dissolve Parliament at any time during the aforesaid five-year period, if advised by the Prime Minister to do so, and if the President is satisfied that, in tendering that advice, the Prime Minister commands the confidence of a majority of the MPs.[1] A general election must be held within three months after every dissolution of Parliament.[2]

Parliamentary seats (Electoral Divisions) are organised into Single Member Constituencies (SMCs) and Group Representation Constituencies (GRCs). Each SMC returns one Member of Parliament using the first past the post voting system, while each GRC returns four or five MPs by block voting, at least one of whom must be from the Malay, Indian or other minority communities. A group of candidates wishing to stand for election in a GRC must all be members of the same political party, or a group of independent candidates. The voting age in Singapore is 21 years. Elections are conducted by the Elections Department (ELD), a department under the Prime Minister's Office.[3]

The People's Action Party won a majority of seats in the 2020 general election in its toughest contest since independence, winning all but three electoral divisions. It retained West Coast GRC in a fight against the Progress Singapore Party, though with the narrowest margin of victory among all electoral divisions;[4] the top scoring GRC was the neighbouring Jurong GRC won by the party.[5] The Workers' Party won the new Sengkang GRC and retained Aljunied GRC and Hougang SMC. Minister in the Prime Minister's Office Ng Chee Meng, who had led the Sengkang PAP team, was considered the highest profile political casualty of the election.[6]

Political developments[edit]

People's Action Party[edit]

The People's Action Party reappointed Heng Swee Keat as the first assistant secretary-general, and next in line to succeed Lee Hsien Loong as prime minister during their central executive committee election, subject to the party winning a majority of seats in the next general election.[7] Four new members, including three serving ministers and Ng Chee Meng, were also co-opted into the committee.[8] Heng subsequently withdrew from and ruled himself out as the potential fourth prime minister in April 2021, citing age and health concerns, though analysts also attributed the withdrawal to Heng's lower-than-expected result in East Coast GRC during the previous election.[9][10]

In April 2022, Lawrence Wong was endorsed by an overwhelming majority of PAP Members of Parliament as the leader of the fourth generation (4G) of PAP leadership, placing him in line to succeed Lee Hsien Loong as prime minister if the party wins a majority of seats in the next general election.[11]

Workers' Party[edit]

The Workers' Party elected their four Sengkang GRC MPs to the central executive committee, where they were delegated deputy roles.[12] Party leaders Pritam Singh and Sylvia Lim were re-elected unopposed.[13]

On 30 November 2021, Raeesah Khan resigned from the party and vacated her seat in Parliament.[14][15][16]

Progress Singapore Party[edit]

Progress Singapore Party assistant secretary-general Leong Mun Wai and vice-chairman Hazel Poa resigned their roles to focus on their NCMP roles.[17] A policy research team, youth, and women wings were established as part of the reorganisation of the party.[18]

In April 2021, as part of a leadership renewal, the party elected Francis Yuen as secretary general, replacing party founder Tan Cheng Bock who became chairman.[19] Rumours of a rift within the party that Tan had been pressured by party cadres to step down to make way for a younger candidate were denied, with Tan expressing his intention to contest in the next election.[20]

Extraparliamentary parties[edit]

Reform Party[edit]

Reform Party secretary-general Kenneth Jeyaretnam removed chairman Andy Zhu from his position of the CEC and replaced him with Charles Yeo. The party accused Zhu and his associates of not following proper procedures in the handling of the party's bank account.[21] Zhu subsequently formed a new Singapore United Party with several former members of RP.[22]

Yeo temporarily relinquished his chairmanship of the party on 15 January 2022 due to his arrests over alleged offences of criminal breach of trust and forgery in the course of his work.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Singapore Statutes Online".
  2. ^ "Singapore Elections Department – Parliamentary Elections". eld.gov.sg. Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Singapore Elections Department – About Us". eld.gov.sg. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
  4. ^ S, Thyaga Rajan; Lim, Min Zhang; Koh, Fabian (2 September 2020). "GE2020 official results: PAP retains West Coast GRC with 51.69% of votes against Tan Cheng Bock's PSP". The Straits Times. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  5. ^ Baharudin, Hariz; Davie, Sandra (11 July 2020). "GE2020 official results: Tharman leads PAP to thumping win in Jurong GRC with 75 % of votes against RDU". The Straits Times. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  6. ^ Toh, Wen Li; Lim, Yan Liang (1 September 2020). "GE2020 official results: WP wins Sengkang GRC with 52.13% of votes, clinching its second GRC". The Straits Times. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  7. ^ Yuen, Sin; Lim, Min Zhang (9 November 2020). "PAP conference: Lawrence Wong, Desmond Lee elected to party's top committee for first time". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  8. ^ Ong, Justin (20 November 2020). "PAP co-opts four new members into its top decision-making body, including Ng Chee Meng". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  9. ^ Tan, Sumiko (8 April 2021). "DPM Heng Swee Keat steps aside as leader of 4G team, setting back Singapore's succession plan for next PM". The Straits Times. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  10. ^ Tham, Yuen-C (9 April 2021). "Heng Swee Keat's decision catches many by surprise; Pritam Singh pledges to work with next 4G leader". The Straits Times. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Finance Minister Lawrence Wong endorsed as leader of 4G team: PM Lee". CNA. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  12. ^ Rei, Kurohi (6 January 2021). "Workers' Party appoints new office bearers after Jan 5 CEC meeting". The Straits Times. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  13. ^ Tham, Yuen-C; Rei, Kurohi (28 December 2020). "WP returns leaders to posts, elects Sengkang MPs to CEC". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  14. ^ "Raeesah Khan resigns from WP, steps down as Sengkang MP (FULL STATEMENT)". Yahoo Singapore. 30 November 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  15. ^ Baharudin, Hariz (30 November 2021). "Sengkang MP Raeesah Khan resigns from WP following probe over admission of lying in Parliament". The Straits Times. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  16. ^ "Raeesah Khan resigns from The Workers' Party and as MP after admitting to lying in Parliament". CNA. 30 November 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  17. ^ Koh, Fabian (20 July 2020). "PSP's Leong Mun Wai and Hazel Poa step down from party positions to focus on NCMP duties". The Straits Times. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  18. ^ "Progress Singapore Party restructures, with new youth, women's wings, and second-in-command". TODAY. 4 August 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  19. ^ Yuen, Sin (1 April 2021). "Francis Yuen is new PSP chief, taking over from founder Tan Cheng Bock". The Straits Times. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  20. ^ Tan, Ashley. "PSP's Tan Cheng Bock not retiring but 'repositioning', will run for next General Election". Mothership. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  21. ^ "Reform Party names Charles Yeo as acting chairman in leadership reshuffle". TODAY. 5 August 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  22. ^ Yuen, Sin (5 January 2021). "Former Reform Party chairman Andy Zhu and others form new political party, Singapore United Party". Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  23. ^ "Charles Yeo steps aside as Reform Party chairman, gives more details about how he was arrested". mothership.sg. Retrieved 17 January 2022.