Next Singaporean general election

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Next Singaporean general election
← 2020 By 23 November 2025

All 93 elected seats in Parliament and up to 12 NCMPs
47 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader Current seats
PAP Lee Hsien Loong 79
WP Pritam Singh 8
PSP Leong Mun Wai 2
Vacant 6
Incumbent Prime Minister
Lee Hsien Loong

General elections are due to be held in Singapore no later than 23 November 2025 to determine the composition of the fifteenth Parliament. The elections will be the nineteenth in Singapore since 1948 and the fourteenth since independence.


Constituencies of Singapore as of the last election, which are often subject to adjustments prior to the next election.

According to Article 65 of the Constitution, the maximum term of Parliament is five years from the date of its first sitting following a general election, after which it is dissolved. However, the President can dissolve Parliament at any time during the aforesaid five-year period, if advised by the Prime Minister to do so, and if the President is satisfied that, in tendering that advice, the Prime Minister commands the confidence of a majority of the Members of Parliament (MPs).[1] A general election must be held within three months after every dissolution of Parliament.[2]

Electoral Divisions (also referred to as seats in Parliament) are organised into Single Member Constituencies (SMCs) and Group Representation Constituencies (GRCs). Each SMC returns one MP using the first past the post voting system, while each GRC returns four or five MPs by party block voting, at least one of whom must be from the Malay, Indian or other minority communities. A group of candidates intending to contest an election in a GRC must all be members of the same political party, or a group of independent candidates. The voting age in Singapore is 21 years. Elections are conducted by the Elections Department (ELD), a department under the Prime Minister's Office.[3]

The People's Action Party won a majority of seats in the 2020 general election in its toughest contest since independence, winning all but three electoral divisions. It retained West Coast GRC in a fight against the Progress Singapore Party, though with the narrowest margin of victory among all electoral divisions;[4] the top scoring GRC was the neighbouring Jurong GRC won by the party.[5] The Workers' Party won the new Sengkang GRC and retained Aljunied GRC and Hougang SMC. Minister in the Prime Minister's Office Ng Chee Meng, who had led the Sengkang PAP team, was considered the highest profile political casualty of the election.[6]

Affiliation Members
Elected Current Change
PAP 83 79 Decrease 4
WP 10 8 Decrease 2
Vacant 0 6 Increase 6
Government majority 73 71 Decrease 2

Only elected MPs within their constituencies are included. NCMPs and Nominated MPs are not included.

Political developments[edit]

People's Action Party[edit]

The governing People's Action Party (PAP) appointed Heng Swee Keat as First Assistant Secretary-General, and next in line to succeed Lee Hsien Loong as Prime Minister during their Central Executive Committee (CEC) election, subject to the party winning a majority of seats in the next general election.[7] Four new members, including three serving ministers and Ng Chee Meng, were also co-opted into the CEC.[8]

Heng subsequently withdrew from and ruled himself out as the potential fourth prime minister in April 2021, citing age and health concerns, though analysts also attributed the withdrawal to Heng's worse-than-expected result in East Coast GRC during the previous general election.[9][10]

On 14 April 2022, Lawrence Wong was endorsed by an overwhelming majority of PAP MPs as the leader of the fourth generation (4G) of PAP leadership, placing him in line to succeed Lee as Prime Minister if the party wins a majority of seats in the next general election.[11] On 13 June 2022, Lawrence Wong was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Acting Prime Minister in the PM's absence. This move further cemented his standing as the successor to Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong. It was announced on 5 November 2023 that Lee would hand over the premier's post to Wong at least before the 70th anniversary of their party's foundation.[12][13]

On 7 July, Tharman Shanmugaratnam resigned from all his positions in the government and as a member of the PAP in order to run for the 2023 Singaporean presidential election,[14] in which he would later go on to win.[15]

On 12 July 2023, S. Iswaran was summoned to assist in an unspecified corruption investigation by the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau (CPIB). Upon being briefed on the investigation by the CPIB, Prime Minister Lee instructed Iswaran to go on a leave of absence with immediate effect until investigations ended; Chee Hong Tat was appointed as the Acting Transport Minister, while he was still a MP, his duties are suspended while the workload for the West Coast division are distributed among the other MPs in West Coast GRC.[16] On 15 July it was revealed that Iswaran had been arrested pursuant to the investigation and released on bail on 11 July.[17] The investigation had also expanded to include Ong Beng Seng, who was arrested at the same time.[18][19][20]

Ten days later on 17 July, both Cheng Li Hui and then-Speaker Tan Chuan-Jin simultaneously resigned from all their positions in the government and as members of the PAP due to "propriety and personal conduct", alluding to adultery.[21] Lee, in response to their resignation letters, said in a statement that their resignations were "necessary" to "to maintain the high standards of propriety and personal conduct which the PAP has upheld all these years." The Speaker has since been succeeded by Seah Kian Peng, another MP from Tan's constituency of Marine Parade GRC, on 2 August. [22][23]

Three MPs were vacated in July 2023; all of these resignations left their respective seats (Taman Jurong, Tampines East and Kembangan-Chai Chee) vacant, and its respective workloads for the affected divisions distributed among the other MPs in their respective GRCs.

Workers' Party[edit]

The Workers' Party (WP) elected the four MPs in Sengkang GRC into the WP's Central Executive Committee (CEC), where they were appointed to deputy roles within the party.[24] Party leaders Pritam Singh and Sylvia Lim were re-elected unopposed.[25]

On 30 November 2021, Sengkang GRC's MP Raeesah Khan resigned from the party and vacated her seat in Parliament after admitting to making unsubstantiated allegations in Parliament on three occasions. [26][27][28]

The Party also expelled a former CEC and NCMP Daniel Goh in June 2023 over its Facebook posts questioning about Khan's resignation and requested the party leadership for "allowing the transgression to persist".[29][30]

On 19 July 2023, Leon Perera and its fellow member Nicole Seah both resigned from the party after a viral video surfaced an extramarital affair between Perera and Seah.[31]

Two seats have been vacated during the term, which left its Compassvale and Serangoon divisions, respectively, to be vacant and were distributed among the other MPs in their respective GRCs.

Progress Singapore Party[edit]

Progress Singapore Party Assistant Secretary-General Leong Mun Wai and Vice-Chairwoman Hazel Poa resigned from their roles to focus on their NCMP duties.[32] A policy research team, youth, and women wings were established as part of the reorganisation of the party.[33]

On 3 April, Francis Yuen was appointed as Secretary-General and succeeding party founder Tan Cheng Bock, who became Chairman.[34] Rumours of a rift within the party that Tan had been pressured by party cadres to step down in order to make way for a younger candidate were denied, with Tan expressing his intention to contest in the next election.[35]; however, Yuen stepped down from the post on 26 March 2023 due to focusing on his work commitments as executive chairman of an overseas publicly listed company,[36] and NCMP Leong succeeded this post on 4 April.[37]

Extraparliamentary parties[edit]

Reform Party[edit]

Reform Party Secretary-General Kenneth Jeyaretnam removed Chairman Andy Zhu from his position of the RP's Central Executive Committee (CEC), and replaced him with Charles Yeo, alongside treasurer Noraini Yunus. The party accused Zhu and his associates, for improper procedures in the handling of the party's bank account.[38] Zhu subsequently formed its splinter party, Singapore United Party, with several former members of RP.[39] Osman Suliaman was among the members who resigned, but joined the Singapore People's Party instead.[40]

Yeo relinquished his position on 15 January 2022 over arrests relating to alleged offences of criminal breach of trust and forgery in the course of his works.[41]

Singapore Democratic Party[edit]

The Singapore Democratic Party had made preparations ahead of the election, and began their walkabout and campaigning around August 2023.[42] They also have announced on contesting Sembawang GRC for the first time since the 2011 election.[43][44]

Ahead of the announcement, former Bukit Gombak SMC MP and chairman Ling How Doong died of pneumonia on 30 April 2021.[45]

Parliamentary groups from other smaller parties[edit]

Two parliamentary groups of four existing or new parties were formed within four months in 2023, making it the first addition of a political umbrella since Singapore Democratic Alliance in 2001. In June 2023, Peoples Voice's chief Lim Tean founded People's Alliance along with Reform Party, People’s Power Party and Democratic Progressive Party.[46]

Four months later on October 2023, another group, The Coalition, was formed by National Solidarity Party, Red Dot United, Singapore People's Party and Singapore United Party.[47][48]


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