Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2019

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2019
Ukraine
← 2014 at the latest 17 November 2019 2024 →

423 of 450 seats to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
226 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  President Poroshenko Addresses the Media February 2015.jpg
Volodymyr Groysman 2016.jpg
Arseniy Yatsenyuk.jpg Yuriy Boyko, June 2012 cropped (3×4).jpeg
Leader Petro Poroshenko, Volodymyr Groysman (candidate for Prime Minister) Arseniy Yatsenyuk Yuriy Boyko
Party Petro Poroshenko Bloc People's Front Opposition Bloc
Leader since 14 April 2016 31 March 2014 2014
Last election 132 seats, 21.82% 82 seats, 22.12% 29 seats, 9.43%
Seats before 146 81 43

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  AndriiSadovyi.JPG Maidan Kiev 2014.04.13 12-09.JPG Yulia Tymoshenko, 2010.JPG
Leader Andriy Sadovyi Oleh Lyashko Yulia Tymoshenko
Party Self Reliance Radical Fatherland
Leader since 2013 August 8, 2011 9 February 2001
Last election 33 seats, 10.97% 22 seats, 7.44% 19 seats, 5.68%
Seats before 26 21 19

  Seventh party Eighth party
  Oleh Tyahnybok September 2014.jpg Anatoliy Hrytsenko 2012.jpg
Leader Oleh Tyahnybok Anatoliy Hrytsenko
Party Svoboda Civil Position
Leader since 14 February 2004 21 January 2010
Last election 6 seats, 4.71% 0 seats, 3.1%
Seats before 7 0

Prime Minister before election

Volodymyr Groysman
Petro Poroshenko Bloc

Elected Prime Minister

TBD

The next Ukrainian parliamentary elections must be held no later than 2019. Due to the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia and the occupation of parts of Donetsk Oblast and Luhansk Oblast by separatists (since April 2014) only 423 of 450 seats in Verkhovna Rada can currently be elected under current election laws.

Background[edit]

Following the 2014 parliamentary elections the Petro Poroshenko Bloc (PPB) party became the largest party, after securing 132 seats. On 21 November 2014, Petro Poroshenko Bloc, People's Front, Self Reliance, Fatherland and the Radical Party signed a coalition agreement.[1] Arseniy Yatsenyuk became Prime Minister on 2 December 2014.

Radical Party left the coalition on 1 September 2015 in protest over a vote in parliament involving a change to the Ukrainian Constitution that would lead to decentralization and greater powers for areas held by pro-Russian separatists.[2] February 2016 saw the start of the fall of the Yatsenyuk cabinet after economy minister Aivaras Abromavičius announced his resignation claiming the government did not had a real commitment to fight corruption.[3] 17 and 18 February 2016 Fatherland and Self Reliance left the coalition; meaning that the coalition became 5 deputies short of the 226 needed.[4] On 14 April 2016 Volodymyr Groysman became the new Prime Minister and the Groysman government the new cabinet of ministers.[5]

Electoral system[edit]

Under current election laws 50% or 226 members of the Verkhovna Rada are elected by open party-list proportional representation with 5% electoral election threshold and the other 50% of the seats elected in 225 constituencies with a first-past-the-post electoral system in one round (candidate with the highest vote total wins).[6][7][8][9] Since 2014 in Ukraine negotiations on the introduction of 100% Party-list proportional representation elections with open lists.[6] Main lobbyists: Volodymyr Groysman, Self Reliance. Main opponents: Yulia Tymoshenko.[10]

Opinion polls[edit]

References[edit]