2020 Venezuelan parliamentary election
All 167 seats in the National Assembly
84 seats needed for a majority
Since the 1999 Constitutional Assembly elections, the National Assembly was dominated by alliances supportive of President Hugo Chávez. In the 2005 parliamentary elections, most opposition parties decided to withdraw, resulting in all seats being won by the Fifth Republic Movement and other parties supportive of Chávez. For the 2010 elections, an alliance of opposition parties was formed by the Democratic Unity Roundtable to contest the elections, and managed to win 64 seats. The PSUV, which was an alliance formed by Chávez from the Fifth Republic Movement and a number of smaller parties, won 96 seats, maintaining their majority, but lost their two-thirds and three-fifths supermajority. Fatherland for All, a small left-wing party, won two seats.
After Chávez's death in 2013, his hand-picked successor Maduro was narrowly elected president, continuing Chávez' ideological influence. In the 2015 parlimentary elections, the Democratic Unity Roundtable alliance gained a supermajority of 112 seats against 55 won by the GPP. In terms of popular vote, the MUD received 7.7 million votes, an increase of 2.4 million from the 2010 elections, becoming the most voted party in Venezuelan electoral history. The result was a decisive defeat for the PSUV and its wider alliance (GPP), which lost control of the Assembly for the first time since 1999.
In the midst of the ongoing constitutional crisis, a different body, the Constituent Assembly was elected in 2017, with the intent of re-writing the Venezuelan Constitution. From that point forward, the two legislatures have operated in parallel, with the National Assembly forming the primary opposition to president Nicolás Maduro, and with the Constituent Assembly being his primary supporters. As of May 2019, the Constituent Assembly mandate is expected to expire on 31 December 2020 (after National Assembly elections), a measure that replaces the previous resolution of August 2017 that established its validity for at least two years.
In 2018, Nicolás Maduro proposed holding the parliamentary elections alongside the presidential elections scheduled between April and May 2018. However, the proposal was later denied by the National Electoral Council, which stated that holding both elections together would be too complicated.
In February 2019, Maduro announced support, which was proposed by the Constituent Assembly, for an early election within 2019. During a speech at a pro-government rally celebrating the 20th anniversary of the revolution led by former President Hugo Chavez, He stated: "They [the opposition] want to bring forward elections, let's have elections".
As of November 2019, Juan Guaidó and Stalin González, along with former rector of the National Electoral Council, Vicente Díaz, have declared that the election would not solve the nationwide crisis. Guaidó said that the opposition would not participate in any space that did not contribute to the solution of the crisis.
The 167 members of the National Assembly consist of 113 seats elected by first-past-the-post voting, 51 elected by proportional representation and three reserved for members of the indigenous community.
Baltazar Porras, cardinal and apostolic administrator of the Archdiocese of Caracas, asked in name of other Venezuelan bishops for elections to have "an impartial Electoral Council, an update of the electoral registry, of the vote abroad and supervision by international organizations".
- To the opposition majority of the Assembly, Torrealba lost his position as deputy after being appointed as Labor Minister by Nicolás Maduro in 2017. However, the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) appointed him as leader of the Great Patriotic Pole block.
- Elections in Venezuela usually take place on the first Sunday of December. However, the 2018 presidential election took place in May.
- Martínez, Deisy (January 5, 2020). "De "inusual" pero válida e "histórica" califica Torrealba juramentación de Luis Parra al frente de la AN" (in Spanish). Efecto Cocuyo. Retrieved January 7, 2020.
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- Venezuela: electoral authority rejects President Maduro's mega-elections Deutsche Welle, February 24, 2018
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- García, Cristofer (October 31, 2019). "Guaidó: No vamos a participar en parlamentarias ni con nuevo CNE" (in Spanish). Efecto Cocuyo. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- Alvarado H, Judith (October 7, 2019). "Stalin González: Elecciones de la AN no solucionarán la crisis en Venezuela" (in Spanish). El Universal. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- "Vicente Díaz: Las parlamentarias no resolverán el problema, pero deben realizarse" (in Spanish). El Nacional. October 14, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- Electoral system IFES