View of Neyland High Street and Town Hall
|Population||3,464 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||MILFORD HAVEN|
|Fire||Mid and West Wales|
|Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament|
Neyland is a town and community in Pembrokeshire, Wales, lying on the River Cleddau and the upstream end of the Milford Haven estuary. The Cleddau Bridge carrying the A477 links Pembroke Dock with Neyland.
The name of the town is a reduction of an earlier form of the English word island preceded by the Middle English atten "at the". It was formerly known as New Milford by contrast with Milford Haven.
Neyland was a small fishing village in the parish of Llanstadwell, but in 1856 it became the site for the western terminus of Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Great Western Railway with a transatlantic terminal for the largest ships of the time. It was selected instead of the other possible location Abermawr. The town then grew rapidly to serve the port.
The construction of a more substantial port at Goodwick based on an earlier plan of 1846, was revived in 1899, and opened in 1906. Many people relocated from Neyland to Goodwick and Fishguard at that time. Neyland was partially reprieved because silting of Goodwick harbour restricted its use, and for a little over one hundred years, Neyland was a busy rail and sea port. The Neyland terminal ceased operation in 1964.
The rail terminus used to link with the ferry that crossed the Cleddau to Hobbs Point in Pembroke Dock until 1975 when the Cleddau Bridge opened. The redevelopment of the 1980s saw the creation of a new marina and rehabilitation of the old railway yard. Some of the original Brunel iron wide gauge railway tracks can be seen today in use as safety barriers around the quay.
There are two tiers of local government covering Neyland, at community (town) and county level: Neyland Town Council and Pembrokeshire County Council. The town council is based at the Community Hub on John Street, which opened in 2020.
Until 1900, Neyland was part of the parish of Llanstadwell. When parish and district councils were established in 1894, the parish of Llanstadwell was included in the Pembroke Rural District. On 1 October 1900 a parish of Neyland was created from part of Llanstadwell, and the new parish was declared to be an urban district, making it independent from the Pembroke Rural District Council. Neyland Urband District Council held its first meeting on 15 October 1900 at the town's board school, when Anthony James, a Liberal, was appointed the first chairman of the council. The urban district council later acquired premises at 60–62 High Street in the mid 1960s, which then served as a town hall until 2018.
Neyland Urban District was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972, with the area becoming part of Preseli Pembrokeshire in 1974. Preseli Pembrokeshire in turn was abolished in 1996 to become part of a re-established Pembrokeshire.
Sport and leisure
Sporting groups include Neyland Cricket Club (a founder member of the Pembroke County Cricket Club) established in 1889, Neyland RFC (a rugby union club established in 1885) and Neyland AFC. The town has a yacht club and a marina. The Pembrokeshire Coast National Park is nearby.
Potable water is supplied to the town by Dŵr Cymru Welsh Water (DCWW). There were gas works alongside the railway. In 1909 it was the site of an explosion which burnt to death a mother and her three-year-old daughter who was taken there to inhale the fumes for the benefit her health.
- Lord Gordon Parry of Neyland (1925–2004), Labour politician
- Sarah Waters OBE (born 1966), novelist, Tipping the Velvet
- Barry John (born ca. 1974) MBE, artist, soldier
- Hancock, Simon,Chronicle of a Ministry, CIT Brace Harvatt, Haverfordwest, copyright 2002.
- Bill Morgan and Bette Meyrick, Behind the Steam, KRB Publications. Autobiography of a GWR driver from Neyland with much background about the town.
- "Wards and community population 2011". Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Mills, A. D. (2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198527589.
- History of Neyland Simon Hancock - bbc.co.uk - 09 Nov 2006
- Jones, Stephen K. (2006). Brunel in South Wales. Vol. II: Communications and Coal. Stroud: The History Press. p. 167. ISBN 9780752439181.
- British beach of the week: Abermawr[dead link] telegraph.co.uk 3.Sept.2007
- BBC News: Brunel statue stolen from plinth
- "Contact us". Neyland Town Council. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
- Annual Report of the Local Government Board. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. 1901. p. 345. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
The Pembroke (Llanstadwell and Neyland) Confirmation Order, 1900
- "Neyland: Liberal meeting". Haverfordwest and Milford Haven Telegraph. 21 September 1898. p. 3. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
- "Neyland Urban District Council". Haverfordwest and Milford Haven Telegraph. National Library of Wales. 17 October 1900. p. 3. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
- "Neyland Urban District Council Records: Conversion of numbers 60/62 High Street to council offices, 1963–1967". Archives Catalogue. Pembrokeshire County Council. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
- "Neyland council moves to new offices". Milford Mercury. 27 September 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
- "Local Government Act 1972", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1972 c. 70, retrieved 31 July 2022
- "The Districts in Wales (Names) Order 1973", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 1973/1, retrieved 31 July 2022
- "Cleddau and Pembrokeshire Coastal Rivers" (PDF). Natural Resources Wales. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
- "The Neyland Explosion.|1909-10-06|Haverfordwest and Milford Haven Telegraph and General Weekly Reporter for the Counties of Pembroke Cardigan Carmarthen Glamorgan and the Rest of South Wales - Welsh Newspapers".