Neyyappam

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Neyyappam
Kerala Neyyappam.jpg
Neyyappam, a sweet ghee-fried rice fritter
Alternative names നെയ്യപ്പം
Course Dessert, snack
Place of origin India
Region or state Kerala
Main ingredients Ghee, rice flour, jaggery, coconut
Variations Unni appam
Cookbook: Neyyappam  Media: Neyyappam

Neyyappam (Malayalam: നെയ്യപ്പം) is a sweet rice-based fritter fried in ghee. Neyyappam has its origins in the southern Indian state of Kerala and is a signature food of Saint Thomas Christians of Kerala, as per K. T. Achaya.[1][2] It is also popular in Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. The name is derived from the words neyy (നെയ്യ്) meaning "ghee" (clarified butter) and appam (അപ്പം) meaning "pancake".

Neyyappam is typically made of rice flour (alternatively, with rava or semolina), jaggery, ghee-fried coconut (pieces or grated), ghee, cardamom and milk. It is served as a tea time snack usually in the evenings. Neyyappam is also served as offering in many traditional Saint Thomas Christian (Syrian Christian) churches and Hindu temples in Kerala.[3][4][5] Unni appam is a variant in which mashed ripe plantains or bananas are added to the batter and fried to result in a ball-like shape.

Neyyappam became a topic of discussion as its name was shown on the home page of the Android N naming campaign.[6][7] The official video of Google about naming Android N[8] also shows a glimpse of neyyappam and Kerala tourism made a tweet about this naming campaign.

Origins[edit]

Neyyappam traces its origin to the southern Indian state of Kerala.

Preparation[edit]

Utensils[edit]

In traditional Kerala cuisine, Neyyappam is cooked in a bronze pan called appakara (ml:അപ്പക്കാര) [3] (also known as Paniyaram Pan in Tamil Nadu), about 8 inches in diameter, having three or more large cavities and thereby giving the dish a tortoise-like shape. Recipes vary from place to place, especially the ingredients chosen to prepare the batter.

Many cuisines use variations on this pan for similar dishes. A substitute for an appakara is the special pan used to prepare Æbleskiver,[3] the Danish puffy ball-like pancake dessert.

In the absence of these special utensils, neyyappam may be cooked on a griddle or a small cooking pan (skillet).

A typical method (directly using rice) [9][edit]

  • Rinse the white rice in water and keep it soaked for 3–4 hours.
    • Skip this step if using rice flour or rava/semolina.
  • Drain the water and grind the rice (using a mixer-grinder) with ripe banana and jaggery to form a thick paste.
  • Fry dry coconut slices (or grated coconut) in ghee until golden-brown.
  • Add the ghee-fried coconut, cardamom seeds and cumin seeds. Also add a pinch of dry ginger powder and mix well. Keep the batter for 30 minutes.
  • Heat ghee or cooking oil in a bottom-deep pan and pour a ladle full of batter into the pan, and fry till it become golden-brown color.
  • Keep the fried Neyyappams aside to drain off the excess oil and let it cool down before savouring.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Times of India food article from Apr 10,2010". Times Of India. 
  2. ^ "God of Sweet Things". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  3. ^ a b c "Peppertrail". Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Newly-weds fulfil their wishes with faith". Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Sweet Hindu Offerings Fit For The Gods In India - Neyyappam - Ammini Ramachandran". 7 February 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Android N could be named after a delicious tongue twister". Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "Android N". 
  8. ^ "Android N let the names begin.". 
  9. ^ "Neyyapam / Traditional Kerala Neyyappam - Garam Masala". Garam Masala. Retrieved 2016-05-20.