Neyyattinkara

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This article is about the town. For the taluk, see Neyyattinkara taluk.
Neyyattinkara
നെയ്യാറ്റിന്കര
Town
Christmas Celebrations in Neyyattinkara, 2013
Christmas Celebrations in Neyyattinkara, 2013
Coordinates: 8°24′N 77°05′E / 8.4°N 77.08°E / 8.4; 77.08Coordinates: 8°24′N 77°05′E / 8.4°N 77.08°E / 8.4; 77.08
Country  India
State Kerala
Government
 • Body Neyyattinkara Municipality
(Rating: First Grade since 2014)
or Neyyattinkara Municipal Council (NMC)
 • Chairperson W R Heeba, (CPI(M) party)
 • Vice Chairman K K Shibu, (CPI(M) party)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) Sri K Ansalan
 • Member of Parliament Shashi Tharoor, (Indian National Congress party, Re-elected in 2014)
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 70,850 (municipality)
880,986 (taluk)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 695 121
Telephone code 91 (0)471 XXX XXXX
Vehicle registration KL-20
Coastline 78 kilometres (48 mi)
Sex ratio 1064
Literacy 98.72%
Planning agency P W D Neyyattinkara
Civic agency Neyyattinkara Municipality
Distance from Mumbai 1,563 kilometres (971 mi) NW (land)
Distance from Delhi 2,834 kilometres (1,761 mi) N (land)
Climate Am/Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,700 millimetres (67 in)
Avg. annual temperature 27.2 °C (81.0 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 24.4 °C (75.9 °F)
Website www.neyyattinkaramunicipality.in

Neyyattinkara in Thiruvananthapuram district is a municipal Town 20 km south of the kerala State capital Trivandrum on the National Highway 47 to Kanyakumari. The town spreads over an area of 16.21 km2 on the banks of the Neyyar River and is the headquarters of the Neyyattinkara taluk and the Neyyattinkara Revenue Division. It is a suburb of the extended metropolitan region of Thiruvananthapuram city. The name 'Neyyattinkara' in Malayalam regional language means shore (kara) of Neyyar River. This river flows from Agasthyarkoodam, the highest peak (1868m above MSL) in southern end of the Western Ghats.

Ooruttambalam Durga Temple
Neyyattinkara Temple

Administration[edit]

The town comes under the surveillance of Neyyattinkara Municipality and it is the major town on the banks of Neyyar River. The rapidly growing Thiruvananthapuram city has almost reached its outskirts. The town is mostly residential, with lots of service sector establishments. The standard and generally accepted abbreviations of Neyyattinkara are NTA (used by general public) or NYY (used by Indian railway) and NTKA used by Kerala State Electricity Board

Transportation[edit]

One of the most outstanding features of Neyyattinkara town is its transport service. There is 24 hours (in frequent intervals and as per the prescribed time schedule) to and fro bus service in NH 47 connecting Nagarcoil » Neyyattinkara » Trivandrum. Further, there is to and fro rail service connecting Nagarcoil » Neyyattinkara » Trivandrum.

Churches[edit]

Amaravila CSI church or C S I Amaravila founded in 1810 and known in those days as Emily Chapel, an oldest Church of Anglican Communion, is one of the main attractions of Neyyatiinkara Town.[2] Christ Nagar (Prayer Gardens is situated in Christ Nagar), Keerthy Nagar, Bapuji Lane, Mythry Nagar, New Street, Thozhukkal, Pallivilakom, Chembarathivila (Neyyattinkara sub-jail/prison is situated in Chembarathivila), Koottapana, Irumbil, Stuart Nagar, Thavaravila, Vadakkey Kotta (includes Krishnan Koil), T B Junction (this area is so close to the administrative building of Neyyattinkara Municipality, Neyyattinkara Fire and Rescue Service and Railway Station), Ooruttukala, Kodangavila, Convent Road (St. Theresa's HSS and Vidhyadhi Raja schools are situated in this road), Krishna Nagar, R C Street, Palakkadavu, Vlangamuri, Amaravila and Chaikkottukonam are the major residential areas in Neyyattinkara Municipal Limit. Aruvippuram (7 km from Neyyattinkara town), the holy land of Sree Narayana Guru is an important pilgrim centre.

History[edit]

Unfinished Cave Temple in Vizhinjam [South-West side of NTA Town, constructed by the rulers of the Ay kingdom (857-885 AD)]

Cave pictures, probably by Neolithic people, are found in Pandavanpara, located in the North east side of Neyyattinkara towards Karakonam route. This famous cave will come under Perumkadavila panchayath. The name of this portion of land, before Marthanda Varma became the ruler of Travancore, was 'Thenganad'.

Geography[edit]

Neyyattinkara is located at 8°24′N 77°05′E / 8.4°N 77.08°E / 8.4; 77.08.[3] It has an average elevation of 26 metres (85 feet). The town is situated on the Neyyar River side, one of the principal rivers in Trivandrum district. The river flows to the south part of the town. Water Supply for the town and the adjacent places is obtained from this river. Topography of the town is rather uneven, with higher areas in the downtown. Nearby the town is the hillock Aruvippuram. The Western Ghats form a scenic backdrop to the town. The town is sandwiched between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. The nearby sea shore is just 10 km. away in west, and seven kilometres to the east can take you to the mammoth hillocks of Western ghats. The geology is said to be typical of the Kerala soil - the Laterite and Red soil. The town can still boast of a good green cover in residential and non-residential areas.

Demographics[edit]

Population of Neyyattinkara Town (Municipal Area) as on 1991-03-01 was 30,419. However, the population rose to 69,467 on 2001-03-01 and rose again to 70,850 on 2011-03-01.,[4] which grades it under Class-II town. Most of the urban population lies within the municipality area which is densely occupied. There is often an inflow of people into the town and nearby areas, for the ease of access to a plethora of institutions, which provide various services. Convent Road is one of the most densely occupied regions in the town, with a number of educational institutions like St. Thereses' Convent, Sree Vidyaadhiraja HSS, and a lot more. Out pockets of the town include Vazhuthoor, Perumpazhuthoor, Amaravila, Aralummood, etc.

Notable people[edit]

Apart from Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai, the legendary journalist of all times, two eminent and famous Karnatic musicians, Neyyattinkara M. K. Mohanachandran and Neyyattinkara Vasudevan were born in this historic town. Famous cricketer Abhishek Nayar's family is from Neyyattinkara. Gandhians and social reformers, G. Ramachandran and P. Gopinathan Nair were also born in Neyyattinkara. Famous personalities who hailed from Neyyattinkara are: .[5] The civil service exam topper Haritha V Kumar was also born and brought up in Neyyattinkara.

Diocese of Neyyattinkara[edit]

[6] On 14 June 1996 Pope John Paul II by the Bull "Ad Aptius Provehendum" erected the

Diocese of Neyyattinkara
Kamukincode Valiyapalli St. Mary's Church (founded in 1847), Neyyattinkara Town

Latin Catholic Diocese of Neyyattinkara bifurcated from the Diocese of Trivandrum and by the announcement of Archbishop Soosa Pakiam and ordination by Cardinal Joseph Tomko on 1 November 1996, appointed Rt. Rev. Dr. Vincent Samuel as its first Bishop. Bishop Samuel took Ecclesiastical possession of the diocese on 5 November 1996. Diocese of Neyyattinkara consists of two Taluks viz. Neyyattinkara and Nedumangadu. The Bishop's House is located in Aralummoodu, Neyyattinkara. St. Therese’s Convent G.H.S.S. Neyyattinkara is one of the individual management educational institutions that comes under the purview of this diocese. The two Kurisumala (Holy Cross Hills) Pilgrim Centres near Neyyattinkara, viz., Bonacaud Kurishumala (Bonacaud Holy Cross Hills) and Vellarada Kurishumala (Vellarada Holy Cross Hills) also come under the purview of Latin Catholic Diocese of Neyyattinkara.

Temples[edit]

Aruvippuram Siva Temple
  1. Sreekrishna Swami Temple, Nearby Swadeshabhimani Municipal Park
  2. Mahadeva Temple, Rameswaram
  3. Major Sree Mahadeva Temple, Kootapana
  4. Ammankovil Meletheruvu Temple, Nearby KSRTC Stand, NTA
  5. Ammankovil Keezhetheruvu Temple, Convent Road, NTA
  6. Veerachakra Mahadeva Temple, Chemparathivila
  7. Mahalekshmi Temple, Maruthathoor
  8. Irumpil Mudippura (in Irumpil)
  9. Thozhukkal Mudippura (in Thozhukkal JN)
  10. Hanuman Temple, TB Junction
  11. Vishnupuram Temple, Vishunupuram (Vishnupuram pooram is very famous)
  12. Ooruttukala Mudippura
  13. Aruvipuram Siva Temple (first temple for all-irrespective of caste or religion and first SNDP Meeting held here)
  14. Ilankam Devi Temple, Vazhuthur
  15. Major Arangal Sree Mahadeva Temple,Venpakal (Dhanu Thiruvathira Festival is very Famous)
  16. Vellamkulathala Sree Bhagavathi Temple,Venpakal
  17. Shree Keezhthalakuzhi kaavil Bhagavathi Temple, Kavalakulam(One of the ancient temples and the annual festival will be held from April 1 to 3 every year)
  18. Shree Vanadurga Devi Temple, Perumpazhuthoor Neyyattinkara

Educational institutions[edit]

The town has a number of secondary, and higher secondary educational institutions, plus a number of Polytechnics, and Engineering Colleges in the vicinity. The Govt. HSS in the town is one of the oldest schools in the entire state. It was established long before in the 1890s. It has churned out a number of proficient people, who have excelled in every field.

List of colleges[edit]

  1. NIMS Dental College,[7] Aralumoodu, Neyyattinkara
  2. Technology Management Corridor (TMC), Near Sub-jail, Chemparathivila, NTA [Institute of Human Resource Development (IHRD), Government of Kerala]
  3. College of Applied Science, Dhanuvachapuram (5 km from Town) (Institute of Human Resource Development (IHRD), Government of Kerala)
  4. Ezhuthachan College of Pharmaceutical Sciences,[8] Marayamuttom
  5. VTM NSS college, Dhanuvachapuram[9] (5 km from Town)
  6. K N M Government Arts & Science College, Kanjiramkulam[10] (5 km from Town)
  7. Government Arts & Science College, Kulathoor
  8. University Institute of Technology, Neyyattinkara Centre[11] (2 km from Town)
  9. Government Polytechnic College, Perumpazhuthoor[12] (3 km from Town)
  10. Regional Institute of Aviation, Pravachambalam[13] (6 km from Town)
  11. CSI College of Education, Parasala
  12. PRS College of Engineering and Technology, Paliyode[14]
  13. Christian College, Kattakada[15] (7 km from Neyyattinkara town border, however, this college comes under newly formed Kattakada Taluk)
  14. Sree Krishna College of Pharmacy & Research Centre, Parassala

Politics[edit]

Neyyattinkara taluk is part of Trivandrum (Lok Sabha constituency) except kattakada assembly constituency which is part of Attingal (Lok Sabha constituency).[16]

Neyyattinkara taluk includes 4 assembly constituencies (Kattakada,Neyyattinkara,Parassala,Kovalam) in the Kerala Legislative Assembly. In early 2012, Neyyattinkara constituency attracted statewide attention, as it witnessed a much fiercely contested by-elections that Kerala Politics have ever seen caused by the resignation of the incumbent MLA R. Selvaraj. The tri-cornered contest was between O. Rajagopal of BJP, F. Lawrence of CPI(M) and Selvaraj(Now, of INC), with Selvaraj emerging as the winner finally.

Current MP: Dr. Shashi Tharoor (Indian National Congress party, re-elected as MP on 20 April 2014)

Neyyattinkara MLA: R. Selvaraj, (Indian National Congress party, re-elected as MLA on 15 June 2012). In 2011 Assembly Election, R Selvaraj (LDF, CPM) had won the election by a margin of 6,702 votes, defeating UDF Congress nominee Thampanoor Ravi. In 2012 Assembly By-election, R Selvaraj (UDF, Congress) had won the election by a margin of 6,334 votes against CPI(M) nominee F. Lawrence.

Kattakada MLA: N. Sakthan, (Indian National Congress party, Deputy Speaker)

Neyyattinkara Municipality led by LDF COM. WR Heeba CPI(M) district committee member elected as chairperson and Com. KK Shibu CPI(M) Vice chairman.

Parassala MLA: A.T. George, (Indian National Congress party)

Kovalam MLA: Jameela Prakasam, (Janata Dal (Secular))

Industry[edit]

The major factory in the town is the Kerala Automobiles Limited (KAL) at Aralummoodu. It builds three wheelers, especially suited for cargo transport. It is a much sought after brand in the developing ASEAN nations for good quality three-wheelers.[17]

Neyyattinkara and the neighbouring areas has many cottage industries and handloom. The Balaramapuram Handloom Industry is known worldwide for its fine hosiery. There is a major handloom cloth manufacturing unit at Manchavilakam near Neyyattinkara.

Transport[edit]

Bus Stand (KSRTC), Neyyattinkara

The town of Neyyattinkara is well connected to the capital city of Thiruvananthapuram, 20 km away, through regular bus services operated by Kerala State Road Transport Corporation. Neyyattinkara KSRTC Bus Depot is the largest in the taluk and operates a wide array of services. These also include long-distance services to Guruvayoor, Thrissur, Kozhikode, Chakkulath Kaavu, Kollam, Ernakulam, Kanniyakumari, etc. A/C Low Floor buses frequently ply along the Neyyattinkara-East Fort-Medical College-Kazhakkuttam route. There are 24 hour bus service between Trivandrum to Nagarcoil via Neyyattinkara town and Nagarcoil to Trivandrum via Neyyattinkara town. Neyyattinkara Railway Station is located on the Mangalore- Trivandrum - Kanyakumari Railway line. Neyyattinkara railway station code is 'NYY'. Except weekly trains (trains run once in a week), all other daily express trains and passenger trains through this route stop at the station. Thus the town is connected by major cities in India, including Chennai, Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, Mangalore, Pune, etc.

The Trivandrum Central railway station is about (20 km) from the town. Express trains will take 13 minutes to reach Trivandrum city from Neyyattinkara town, however, passenger / Shuttle trains will take 30 minutes (since these trains have stops at Balaramapuram and Nemom in between Neyyattinkara Town and Trivandrum City).

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies it climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).

Neyyattinkara has heavy rains during June–August due to the southwest monsoon. Winter starts from December and continues till February. In summer, the temperature rises to a maximum of 32 °C (90 °F) and 31 °C (88 °F) in the winters. Record high temperature in neighbouring Thiruvananthapuram is 39 °C (102 °F). Annual average rainfall is 3,100 mm (120 in).[18]

Climate data for Neyyattinkara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.8
(89.2)
31.3
(88.3)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
28.9
(84)
29.3
(84.7)
29.3
(84.7)
29.1
(84.4)
29.3
(84.7)
29.92
(85.84)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1
(79)
26.9
(80.4)
28.1
(82.6)
28.6
(83.5)
28.2
(82.8)
26.5
(79.7)
25.9
(78.6)
26.2
(79.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
26.2
(79.2)
26
(79)
26.81
(80.28)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
23.2
(73.8)
24.5
(76.1)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
23.9
(75)
23.3
(73.9)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
22.7
(72.9)
23.74
(74.74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
27
(1.06)
52
(2.05)
144
(5.67)
248
(9.76)
457
(17.99)
336
(13.23)
222
(8.74)
201
(7.91)
290
(11.42)
205
(8.07)
55
(2.17)
2,256
(88.82)
Average rainy days 1 2 3 8 10 19 17 14 11 12 8 3 108
Mean daily sunshine hours 9 9 8 8 7 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 6.8
Source #1: Climate-Data.org[19]
Source #2: Weatherbase Trivandrum, India[20] for sunshine and rainy days

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  2. ^ CSI Amaravila (2014). "Our Missionaries". APR Website. C S I Amaravila. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Neyyattinkara
  4. ^ City Population Department (2014). "Neyyattinkara (Thiruvananthapuram)". APR Website. City Population Department. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  5. ^ The Hindu (2012). "Documenting the history of Neyyattinkara". APR Website. The Hindu National Daily. Retrieved 2014-06-16. 
  6. ^ LCD (2014). "Latin Catholic Diocese of Neyyattinkara". APR Website. Latin Catholic Diocise, Neyyattinkara. Retrieved 2014-04-23. 
  7. ^ NIMS Hospital (2014). "WELCOME TO NIMS HOSPITAL". APR Website. NIMS Hospital. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  8. ^ Ezhuthachan College (2014). "Ezhuthachan College of Pharmaceutical Sciences". APR Website. Ezhuthachan College. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  9. ^ VTM NSS college, Dhanuvachapuram (2014). "Home". APR Website. VTM NSS college, Dhanuvachapuram. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  10. ^ Kerala University (2014). "Kunjukrishnan Nadar Memorial Govt. Arts & Science College, Kanjiramkulam". APR Website. Kerala University. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  11. ^ UIT, NTA (2014). "University Institute of Technology Neyyatinkara Centre". APR Website. UIT, NTA. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  12. ^ htc campus (2014). [http:// htcampus.com "Government Polytechnic College, Perumpazhuthoor"] Check |url= value (help). APR Website. htc campus. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  13. ^ Regional Institute of Aviation, Pravachambalam (2014). "Regional Institute of Aviation, Pravachambalam". APR Website. Regional Institute of Aviation, Pravachambalam. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  14. ^ PRS College of Engineering and Technology, Paliyode (2014). "PRS College of Engineering and Technology, Paliyode". APR Website. PRS College of Engineering and Technology, Paliyode. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  15. ^ Christian College, Kattakada (2014). "Christian College Kattakada". APR Website. Christian College, Kattakada. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  16. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  17. ^ Kerala Automobiles Ltd
  18. ^ "Neyyattinkara (Thiruvananthapuram) Climate". Weatherbase. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  19. ^ "Climate: Neyyattinkara - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  20. ^ "Neyyattinkara (Thiruvananthapuram)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 

External links[edit]