Ngāi Tāmanuhiri

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Ngāi Tāmanuhiri
Iwi (tribe) in Māoridom
Position of Gisborne Region.png
Rohe (region)Gisborne District
Waka (canoe)Takitimu and Horouta
Population1207

Ngāi Tāmanuhiri is a Māori iwi of New Zealand. They were formerly known as Ngai Tahupo after Porourangi's younger brother, the eponymous ancestor Tahu Potiki [1] (also known to the tribe as Tahu Matua) the eponymous ancestor of the Kai Tahu iwi of Te Waipounamu.

The iwi consists primarily of the descendants of Tāmanuhiri and his two principle wives: his first wife Rongomaiawhia and Hine-Nui-te-po (formerly wife of his neighbor Tawake-whakato).[2] The five major hapu are descended from the two eldest of Rongomaiawhea's children to Tamanuhiri; Tamaraukura, and Paia-o-te-rangi, and these hapū are: Ngati Rangiwaho Matua, Ngai Tawehi, Ngati Kahutia, Ngati Rangi-tauwhiwhia and Ngati Rangiwaho.[3] [4]

Rohe[edit]

The rohe (tribal lands) of Ngai Tamanuhiri are located to the south of Poverty Bay in the Gisborne Region of New Zealand. The Northern boundary is marked by the former confluence of the Te Arai and Waipaoa Rivers in the nineteenth century AD.[5] it follows the coastline across Pakirikiri (now known as Browns Beach), and Te Kowhaikangaroa both lands shared with the Rongowhakaata tribe, and towards Muriwai to Wharetunoa, Papatewhai, Rangihoua, Tikiwhata, Takararoa with the southern coastal boundary ending at Te-Pa-o-Paritu (formerly known as Te-Pa-o-nga-wahine, and now known simply as Paritu) separating the Tribe from Ngati Rongomaiwahine. the inland boundary is Te Toka a Haerengarangi and demarcates Ngai Tamanuhiri from Ngati Rakaipaaka then onwards towards Taumutu, Paparitu, Whakaongaonga, Tarewa-uru, Te Toka a Tutekawa following the old riverbed of the Te Arai to Karaua returning to Kopututea.[5]

Hapū and Marae[edit]

Hapū[edit]

The tribe is now made of five hapū (sub-tribes):

Ngāi Tawehi[edit]

  • The Descendants of Tawehi youngest of the three children of Tapunga-o-te-rangi grandson of Paia-o-te-rangi from whom he gains his mana [6]

Ngāti Kahutia[edit]

  • the Descendants of Kahutia, grandchild of Tawehi from his daughter Te Riu Kahika [7]

Ngāti Rangitauwhiwhia[edit]

  • The Descendants of Rangi-Tauwhihia the eldest child of Tapunga-o-te-rangi [8]

Ngāti Rangiwaho-Matua[edit]

  • The Descendants of Rangiwaho I (also known to the Tribe as Rangiwaho Matua), the eldest child of Tamaraukura from whom he gains his mana [9]

Ngāti Rangiwaho[edit]

  • Descendants of Rangiwaho II, a grandson of Rangiwaho I from whom he inherits his Mana [10]

Defunct hapu[edit]

there are also a number of hapu that exist only as branches of the five hapu listed above (but not limited to), such as:

  • Ngati Huauri
  • Ngati Meke
  • Ngati Waipapa
  • Ngati Rakai

Marae[edit]

All Hapu (sub-tribes) now share three principal marae (communal grounds) these are located in Muriwai and Tawatapu (Bartletts) respecitvely:

Muriwai[edit]

  • Muriwai Pa (now known as Muriwai marae): location of the historic meeting house Te Poho o Tamanuhiri III
  • Waiari Marae

Tawatapu[edit]

  • Rangiwaho marae[5]

Iwi Governance[edit]

Ngai Tāmanuhiri Tutu Poroporo Trust[edit]

The Tāmanuhiri Tutu Poroporo Trust (TTPT) is a common law discretionary trust and Post Settlement Governance Entity (PSGE) based in Gisborne. TTPT was established under The Ngai Tamanuhiri Deed of Settlement Act 2011[11] to manage the tribal redress and assets after the settlement of historical Treaty of Waitangi grievances with the crown

The Tamanuhiri Tutu Poroporo Trusts Governance structure consists of a single board of seven members, each of Ngāi Tāmanuhiri descent. TTPT represents the interests of its beneficiaries during issues concerning resource consent under the resource consent act [5]

The tribal area of Ngāi Tāmanuhiri is with the territory of Gisborne District Council, which performs the functions of a district and regional council.[5]

Ngāi Tāmanuhiri Whānui Trust[edit]

Ngāi Tāmanuhiri Whānui Trust represents the iwi's interests under the Māori Fisheries Act and Māori Commercial Aquaculture Claims Settlement Act. It is also based in Gisborne, and governed by the same seven trustees as Tāmanuhiri Tutu Poroporo Trust.[5]

Media[edit]

Turanga FM[edit]

Turanga FM is the radio station of Turanganui-a-kiwa iwi, including Ngai Tamanuhiri, Rongowhakaata and Te Aitanga-a-Māhaki. It is based in Gisborne, and broadcasts on 98.1 FM in Ruatoria, and 91.7 FM and 95.5 FM in Gisborne.[12][13]

Notable people[edit]

Tu Wyllie - Former New Zealand politician and Rugby Union Player

Henare Te Raumoa Huatahi Balneavis - New Zealand interpreter, private secretary, public administrator.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walker, W., (2014)., Nga Maunga Korero - Tamanuhiri and Hinenui, retrieved 2018, March 24 from https://maungakorero.wordpress.com/maunga-korero/issue-2-whakapunaki/tamanuhiri-and-hinenui/
  2. ^ Pohatu, W, (2011, December 30) Ahi ka roa o Tamanuhiri, retrieved 2018, March 24 from http://warrenpohatu.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/ahi-ka-roa-o-tamanuhiri.html
  3. ^ "The people". Te Runanga o Turanganui a Kiwa.
  4. ^ Ngai Tamanuhiri Tutu Poroporo trust, [1]
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Ngāi Tāmanuhiri". Te Kāhui Māngai Directory of Māori Iwi and Organisations. Te Puni KokiriTe Kāhui Māngai. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
  6. ^ http://warrenpohatu.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/ahi-ka-roa-o-tamanuhiri.html
  7. ^ http://warrenpohatu.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/ahi-ka-roa-o-tamanuhiri.html
  8. ^ http://warrenpohatu.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/ahi-ka-roa-o-tamanuhiri.html
  9. ^ http://warrenpohatu.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/ahi-ka-roa-o-tamanuhiri.html
  10. ^ http://warrenpohatu.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/ahi-ka-roa-o-tamanuhiri.html
  11. ^ https://www.govt.nz/dmsdocument/5269.pdf
  12. ^ "Turanga FM". Turanga FM. Te Reo Irirangi o Turanganui-a-kiwa. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  13. ^ "Iwi Radio Coverage" (PDF). maorimedia.co.nz. Māori Media Network. Retrieved 14 June 2016.

External links[edit]