Ngāti Raukawa

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Ngāti Raukawa
Iwi of New Zealand
NgatiRaukawa.png
Rohe (region) Waikato, Taupo and Manawatū/Horowhenua
Waka (canoe) Tainui

Ngāti Raukawa is a Māori iwi with traditional bases in the Waikato, Taupo and Manawatū/Horowhenua regions of New Zealand. In 2006, 29,418 Māori registered their affiliation with Ngāti Raukawa.[1]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Ngāti Raukawa recognise Raukawa as their eponymous ancestor, who was descended from the settlers of the Tainui canoe. One of his descendants was Maniapoto, ancestor of the Ngāti Maniapoto iwi. Ngati Raukawa established their ancestral homeland in the Waikato region.

Southwards migration[edit]

In the early 19th century, significant numbers of Ngāti Raukawa were forced south during the Musket Wars. Led by Te Whatanui and other chiefs, they joined Ngāti Toarangatira in a southwards migration through the North Island, which proceeded in three stages. Land was taken from Rangitīkei to Kāpiti, where a large number of were built and subtribes established. This brought the new settlers into conflicts with established tangata whenua in the southern parts of the North Island.

Today[edit]

Ngāti Raukawa has undergone great change in the 20th century. After World War II, many Ngāti Raukawa left their traditional lands and migrated to cities. Starting in 1975, a determined effort was made to revitalise traditional language and establishments.

Ngāti Raukawa have established a large number of marae and other institutions, including Raukawa Marae and Te Wānanga o Raukawa, a centre for higher learning. Administrative organisations include the Raukawa Trust Board and Te Rūnanga o Raukawa.

Ruakawa FM is the official station of Ngāti Raukawa. It was set up by Te Reo Irirangi o Ngati Raukawa Trust, under the leadership of Emare Rose Nikora and Whiti te-Ra Kaihau, on 23 October 1990. Many of its first hosts were Tokoroa High School students, and most of its staff are still volunteers. It broadcasts on 95.7 FM in Tokoroa, 93.2 FM in Mangakino, and 90.6 FM across the wider Waikato region.[2] Nikora, a leader of the Māori language revival movement, received a Queen's Service Medal for services to Māori for her role in setting up Tokoroa's Te Reo Irirangi o Ngati Raukawa Trust and Ruakawa FM. She was the station's co-founder, first Māori language newsreader, manager and board member.[3]

Wellington pan-tribal Māori radio station Te Upoko O Te Ika has been affiliated to Ngāti Raukawa since 2014.[4] It began part-time broadcasting in 1983 and full-time broadcasting in 1987, and it is New Zealand's longest-running Māori radio station.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2006 Census – QuickStats About Māori (revised)". Statistics New Zealand. 2007-04-04. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-05-25. 
  2. ^ "Iwi Radio Coverage" (PDF). maorimedia.co.nz. Māori Media Network. 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "History". Ruakawa FM. Ruakawa FM. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Big change for first Maori radio station". Radio New Zealand. Radio New Zealand News. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "TE REO : Real Maori radio takes to the air". Tu Tangata (36): 6. July 1987. ISSN 0111-5871. 
  6. ^ Walker, Piripiri; Roy, Don (4 June 1991). "Outlook : Te Upoko O Te Ika - 783 KHZ - Wellington's Maori radio station". Independent Newspapers Limited. Dominion Post. p. 31. 
  • Te Ahukaramū Charles Royal (2006-09-26). "Ngāti Raukawa". Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 

External links[edit]