|Iwi of New Zealand|
Ngāti Pūkenga is a Māori iwi centred in Tauranga in the Bay of Plenty region of New Zealand. According to the 2006 census, 1,785 people claimed affiliation to the iwi. Ngāti Pūkenga is one of the three Tauranga Moana tribes, maintaining close ties with Ngaiterangi and Ngāti Ranginui. The Tauranga Moana iwi all consider Mt Maunganui ("Mauao") to be sacred. Ngāti Pūkenga have tribal holdings in Hauraki, Whangarei and Maketu.
Pūkenga is the founding ancestor of the iwi. Pūkenga was of Mataatua descent, and spent his life in Ruatoki. Upon his death, his people, known as Ngāti Hā, moved east towards Opotiki. This resulted in the displacement of the tribe of Rōmainohorangi. Later, the displaced tribe, now known as Ngāti Te Rangihouhiri, requested the help of Ngāti Hā in battle. For their assistance, Ngāti Pūkenga, as they were now known, were given land in Tauranga, where their main settlements still stand today.
Ngāti Pūkenga also received land given to them in Hauraki, the little village of Manaia, where direct descendants of Ngāti Pūkenga, and Pūkenga himself still remain.
Ngāti Pūkenga today
The Tauranga Moana iwi including Ngāti Pūkenga continue to seek redress with the New Zealand Government for their losses in the New Zealand Land Wars. No settlement thus far has been reached.
- Black, Te Awanuiārangi (2006-09-26). "Tauranga Moana tribes". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 2007-04-17.
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