Ngada Regency

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Ngada Regency

Kabupaten Ngada
Official seal of Ngada Regency
Location within East Nusa Tenggara
Location within East Nusa Tenggara
Ngada Regency is located in Flores
Ngada Regency
Ngada Regency
Ngada Regency is located in Lesser Sunda Islands
Ngada Regency
Ngada Regency
Ngada Regency (Lesser Sunda Islands)
Ngada Regency is located in Indonesia
Ngada Regency
Ngada Regency
Ngada Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 8°40′00″S 121°00′00″E / 8.6667°S 121.0000°E / -8.6667; 121.0000Coordinates: 8°40′00″S 121°00′00″E / 8.6667°S 121.0000°E / -8.6667; 121.0000
Country Indonesia
RegionLesser Sunda Islands
Province East Nusa Tenggara
 • RegentMarianus Sae
 • Vice RegentPaulus Soliwoa
 • Total626 sq mi (1,621 km2)
 (2010 Census)
 • Total142,254
 • Density230/sq mi (88/km2)
Time zoneUTC+8 (ICST)
Area code(+62) 384

Ngada Regency is one of the regencies which divide the island of Flores, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. Bajawa is the capital of Ngada Regency. The population of Ngada Regency was 142,254 at the 2010 Census.


The Ngada Regency is one of the older regencies (kabupaten) in East Nusa Tenggara, having been formed in 1958. The regency was split into two in 2007, with part being formed into a new Nagekeo Regency. With the separate of Nagekeo, makes Ngada now only has two main ethnics which are ethnic Bajawa and ethnic Riung.

As is the case with other regencies across Indonesia, local events sometimes seize the headlines. For example, in December 2013 a row broke out when the Ngada regent head (bupati), Marianus Sae, apparently became angered following an altercation over local travel arrangements. On Saturday 21 December 2013 Marianus Sae was apparently unable to obtain a seat on a local flight in East Nusa Tenggara. Angered by the situation, Sae is reported to have ordered his subordinates to blockade the runway of the Turelelo airport in Soa district (kecamatan). The incident attracted national attention leading to a formal investigation of Sae's actions.[1]


Under current arrangements the Ngada Regency is divided into nine districts (kecamatan), shown below with their 2010 Census population.

Name Population
Census 2010
Aimere 14,842
Kerebuu 7,252
Bajawa 36,082
Golewa 36,011
Bajawa Utara
(North Bajawa)
Soa 12,745
Riung 13,875
Riung Barat
(West Riung)
Wolomeze 5,338
Total 142,254


The language in Ngada is Ngadha. There are several Indigenous languages in Ngada based on the ethnicity. People from Aimere, Bajawa, Golewa, Jerebu'u might speak the same languages with minor differences, while people from Soa speak slightly different language and people from Riung speak totally different language. Unable to communicate each others, they use Indonesian.


An ancient megalithic structure found in the village of Bena, Ngada Regency, Flores. The village houses several similar megastructures as the one pictured here.

Ngada regency is one of the poorest regions in Indonesia but there is increasing in popularity among international tourists which is providing some help to the local economy.[2]

The two most visited areas in the Ngada region are Bena[3] and Wogo, both unique megalithic complexes with traditional housing.[4] To Ngadha society, the traditional houses occupy an important role as organizational units, as villagers must each belong to a house, thereby a clan.[5] Clan totems can be ornately crafted symbols of this social organization.[6] In the north part, Riung, Ngada offers a beautiful beaches and islands called 17 island of Riung. The islands give the opportunity for the tourists to do snorkeling, diving, sun bathing, and witnessing flying foxes.[7]


The megalithic sites in Ngada region were added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on October 19, 1995 in the Cultural category.[8] But was pulled out from the list on 2015.

Ngada warriors.

Soa Valley[edit]

In 1968 stegodon fossil and stone artefacts were found in the Soa Valley north of Bajawa. In 1991 excavations were carried out but no significant discoveries were found. In excavations in 1994 researchers found 12 sites of artefacts and the fossils. The age of the Soa Valley is put at around 650,000 to 1.02 million years during which time there were at least two devastating volcanic events. So far, researchers have not found human fossils but it is believed that human fossils may yet be found. Stone artefacts suggesting hominin activity have been found in caves such as Mata Menge in the area.[9] If human fossils are indeed found, this may contribute to knowledge about migration into eastern Indonesia.[10] Research at nearby Liang Bua cave to the west near Ruteng has also contributed to expanding knowledge about early human activity in the area.


  1. ^ Yuliasri Perdani and Markus Makur, 'Gov gives green light to question Ngada regent', The Jakarta Post, 27 December 2013.
  2. ^ Phillimore, J. & Lisa Goodson (2004) p 293.
  3. ^ Picture of Bena.
  4. ^ Ngada traditional house and megalithic complex - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  5. ^ Anett Keller, 'Beauty and the East' Archived 2012-08-04 at the Wayback Machine, Jakarta Post Weekender, 30 November 2011
  6. ^ Phillimore, J. & Lisa Goodson (2004) p 293.
  7. ^
  8. ^ Ngada traditional house and megalithic complex - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  9. ^ Adam Brumm et al (2010). 'Hominins on Flores, Indonesia, by one million years ago', Nature, 464. See also '"Hobbits" may have arrived in Flores much Earlier Than Thought: Scientists', The Jakarta Globe, 19 March 2010.
  10. ^ "Bakal Membuka Tabir Baru Migrasi Manusia Purba Lembah Soa". June 23, 2013.

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