Ngaio, New Zealand
Ngaio, as seen from the hills above Ngaio.
|Local authority||Wellington City|
|Land area||300 ha (1.2 sq mi)|
|Railway station(s)||Ngaio, Awarua Street|
Ngaio // is an inner suburb of Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand. It is situated on the slopes of Mount Kaukau, 3500 metres north of the city's CBD. It was settled in the 1840s and many of its streets are named after early settler families. Ngaio was originally a logging community known first as Upper Kaiwarra, then as Crofton until 1908. The area was administratively part of a separate local authority called the Onslow Borough Council which amalgamated with Wellington City in 1919.
Ngaio takes its name from a New Zealand native tree, the Ngaio.
- 1 Facilities
- 2 Transport
- 3 Education
- 4 Churches
- 5 History
- 6 Further reading
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Ngaio contains a library, multi-purpose hall, pharmacy, petrol station, café, Plunket rooms, dentist, medical center, tennis courts and a variety of small shops.
Ngaio's dwellings are a mix of ages and styles, including original colonial buildings built in the 1860s, railway cottages and bungalows built in the 1920s and 30s, and 1960s weatherboard houses. The Tarikaka Settlement is a small area of former railway cottages built in 1928 on Tarikaka Street, Bombay Street, Carroll Street, Khandallah Road, Ngata Street, Raihania Lane and Pomare Street.
Wellington City Libraries operates Cummings Park Library which is situated at the south entrance of Cummings Park on Ottawa Road. Opened in 1989, and refurbished in 2008, the library’s entrance is paved with 850 tiles made by local potters Paul Winspear and Paul Wotherspoon and decorated by children from Ngaio and Chartwell Schools.
The library offers internet access, free wifi, word processing, printing and faxing. The library collection includes a special collection of local oral history, detailing the memories of prominent Ngaio locals.
Regular preschool and educational programs are run during the week including Baby Rock & Rhyme for babies (aged 0 to 2 years), storytime for children aged 3 – 4 and Kōhunga Kōrero: Pakiwaitara i roto i te reo Māori - monthly storytime in te reo Māori for children aged 2–6 years old.
The Ngaio town hall offers a venue for community services, sports, performances, cultural and private events. The hall contains a stage, kitchen, drop in center and the Ngaio toy library. The hall has a capacity of 300 people and has an accessible entry ramp at the front. The hall was opened in 1924 and was renovated in 1989.
Groups that regularly use the hall include:
- Bodh Gaya Buddhist Centre
- Ngaio badminton club
- Ngaio Drop In Centre
- Ngaio Toy Library
- Onslow table tennis club
Parks and reserves
Trelissick Park runs from the bottom of the Ngaio Gorge road and runs across the borders of nearby Wadestown and Crofton Downs. The area acts as an ecological corridor between the Harbour and the northern suburbs. The park has historic gunpowder magazines built in the 1870s. While the park contains areas of original forest remnant, it is also under on-going restoration work led by the Trelissick Park Group that was set up in 1991. Since then, over 80,000 trees have been planted in the area, along with weed management, trapping and bridge building.
Orleans Makererua reserve runs from Makererua street to Orleans street and has remnants of the native bush that was originally throughout Ngaio.
Cummings park is off Ottawa road and has a children's playground and dog exercise area.
The suburb is served by the Johnsonville Branch commuter railway which connects it to the central city. There are two railway stations in Ngaio; Ngaio railway station and Awarua Street railway station.
Ngaio Gorge is the main road between Ngaio and Wellington city and is a key transport route in the event of an earthquake. The road is described as a "primary access road for the Onslow area" and a "critical escape route from the city should Ngauranga Gorge become impassable” by Onslow-Western Ward Councillor, Simon Woolf.  Heavy rains in July 2017 resulted in a large landslide, with boulders and rubble completely covering the road.  In the following weeks, 3500 cubic metres of rubble were cleared  and a temporary 42 meter long shipping container wall was installed to protect the road from further slips. A temporary road next to Trelissick Park was created to handle uphill traffic when the main road was reduced to one lane.  The Wellington City Council plan to extend the shipping container wall in preparation for construction of a permanent solution in late 2019. 
School enrollment zone
Ngaio School is a coeducational contributing (years 1-6) state primary school, established in 1908. In 1928 it was moved to its current location at 45 Abbott Street. In 2014 it had a roll of 521 and a Decile rating of 10 Z. The school does not have a uniform. Its school song is Tūrangawaewae, Māori for "A Place to Stand". The school acts as a Civil defense centre set up by the Wellington Regional Emergency Management Office (WREMO) to provide support and information to their surrounding communities. They do not store emergency food, water or other supplies.
Ngaio has three churches. The Ngaio Union Church has modern buildings and serves the Methodist and Presbyterian community. The nearby Anglican All Saints Church, with its distinctive brick tower visible from most places in the suburb was designed by renowned church architect Frederick de Jersey Clere and built in 1928. In 2011, the All Saints Church was closed after engineers deemed the church a serious earthquake risk following the 2011 Christchurch earthquake. Also Onslow Community Church which has a recently built modern hall in the Ngaio/Khandallah area. 
Pre 1840: Tarikaka
The area that modern day Ngaio occupies was originally called 'Tarikaka' by Maori, which means 'nest of the kaka', named after the noisy parrot that lived in the area. The area was not occupied by Maori, but many Maori tracks ran through the area, including what became the Old Porirua Road. And a track to the ancient Ohariu Pā on Makara beach, from today's Awarua Street.
1840 - 1858: Upper Kaiwharawhara
The area was named Upper Kaiwharawhara or Upper Kaiwarra in the 1840s by Captain Edward Daniell who purchased 2,500 acres from the NZ company after selling his commission. In 1845, Daniell built a house in the area near the current Trelissick Crescent and called it "Trelissick" after his old family property in England. Daniell built the 'Bridle Trail' (currently called Old Porirua Road) from his property down through current Kaiwharawhara to the harbor. An agreement was made between Daniell and four sawyers in 1842 to allow them to build the Kaiwara saw mill on his property. The mill was built close to the present day junction of Crofton Road and Kenya Street. A recent subdivision built off Old Porirua road honored Daniell by naming the road leading to it 'Captain Edward Daniell Drive'.
The mill was described by Edward Jerningham Wakefield in his book, "Adventure in New Zealand from 1839 to 1844: With Some Account of the Beginning of the British Colonization of the Islands":
"In the bottom of a thickly wooded valley, only accessible over a steep ridge, a natural fall in the narrow rocky gully of the stream afforded great facilities for erecting a dam. A platform and rough shed extended from side to side of the gully over the dam-head; the wheel and machinery were working underneath; and two or three circular saws were kept in constant employment. The open sides of the workshop displayed this curious work of art in the midst of nature's wildest scenery... The stern craggy sides of the gully might be imagined to frown upon so strange a neighbor as the fretting wheel. Two or three log-huts under the forest sent up their curl of smoke; while the neat housewives, with their flaxen-haired children, stood at the doors to receive with joyful pride the praises bestowed by visitors on the untiring industry of their husbands."
The mill was taken over by John Chew in 1863, who built a cottage made of local totara, rimu and kauri. Chew Cottage still stands today at 19 Ottawa Road which is the now the main road in Ngaio after starting life as the track for John Chew's timber.
In 1858, the area was renamed Crofton, after the house built by Sir William Fox on Kenya Street (at the time called Daniell street). Sir William Fox eventually became New Zealand Premier on three separate occasions.
In 1863, a school for boys, called Crofton College, was built and boys were taught by Mr W.L. Martin. The college was later sold to Wilson Littlejohn, who would eventually become mayor of Onslow Borough Council. Crofton College is still occupied at 21 Kenya Street.
1886: the railway arrives
1870 - 1890: Toll gate dispute
The Kaiwara Road (also known as the Ngaio Gorge Road and Kaiwharawhara Road) was built in 1850 to allow for bullock trains to transport wool and wood. In the mid 1870s, the Hutt City Council constructed a toll gate at the harbor end of road, which was the only road in or out of the area. Funds collected from the gate - one shilling for vehicles and half for saddled horses, were supposed to be used to repair the road, however residents believed the toll was being used to pay for roads further north, such as the Rimutaka road, due to the poor condition of Kaiwarra road.
The toll dispute started when a group of firemen were forced to pay the toll when returning from a fire. A petition was signed by 150 people, and a number of people ended up in court after refusing to pay the toll. The toll gate was destroyed twice by angry mobs until 1890 when the residents broke away from the Hutt City Council to form Onslow Borough Council, made up of Kaiwarra, Khandallah, Wadestown and Ngaio.
1890: Onslow Borough
Ngaio was part of the new Onslow Borough from 1890 until 1919, when the borough was amalgamated with Wellington City following a referendum on the 31 March 1919. The Borough was named after Lord William Hillier Onslow, who was Governor of New Zealand of the time. This was to placate his family who were appalled with the city's sanitation after his young son Cranley caught typhoid shortly after moving to Wellington. The Borough included the townships of Kaiwarra, Khandallah, Crofton, and Wadestown. In 1896, the Borough had an estimated area of 2,870 acres, a population of 1,530 and 276 dwellings.
1908 - Present
As a suburb in Marton was already called "Crofton", the suburb's name was changed to 'Ngaio' in August 1908. It is possible that Ngaio was chosen as the Ngaio tree was the symbol used by the local Kilmister family for their wool bales.
Ngaio school was first opened in 1908 above the Ngaio railway station. It was subsequently moved to Heke Street in 1911 and finally its present site in 1928.
The opening of the railway to Wellington in 1886 (now the Johnsonville Branch) enabled people to commute into Wellington, and the line was electrified with more frequent and faster trains in 1938.
- Bremner, Julie (1983). Wellington’s Northern Suburbs 1840-1918. Wellington: Millwood Press. pp. 58–72. ISBN 0-908582-59-5.
- Bremner, Julie (1987). Wellington’s Northern Suburbs 1919-1945. Wellington: Millwood Press. ISBN 0-908582-80-3.
- "Community profile - Ngaio". Wellington City Council.
- Irvine-Smith, F.L. "The Streets of my city, Wellington New Zealand". Wellington City Libraries. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "About Ngaio Medical Centre". Ngaio Medical Centre. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "History of Wellington City Libraries". Wellington City Libraries.
- "Cummings Park Library closes for weeklong upgrade" (Press release). Wellington City Council. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
- "About Cummings Park (Ngaio) Library". Wellington City Libraries.
- "What's on at Cummings Park Library?". Wellington City Libraries.
- "Ngaio Town Hall - Venue for Hire". Wellington City Council.
- "Just Meditate Wellington". Archived from the original on 18 February 2015.
- "Ngaio Badminton Club".
- "Ngaio Drop In Centre". Wellington City Council. Archived from the original on 18 February 2015.
- "Ngaio Toy Library".
- "Onslow Table Tennis Club".
- "Zumba at Ngaio Town Hall".
- "Trelissick Park Group - the first 23 years". Our living city. Archived from the original on 22 February 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Trelissick Park". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Trelissick Park Group". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Walking tracks in Ngaio and Crofton Downs". Ngaio and Crofton Downs Residents Association. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Cummings park" (PDF). Wellington City Council. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- Mitchell, Charlie (5 September 2014). "Ngaio Gorge Road: Only for the most daring". The Wellingtonian. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "$11m earmarked for Ngaio Gorge resilience". 9 May 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-31.
- "Ngaio Gorge slip worsens, road remains closed". Radio New Zealand. 30 July 2017.
- Hunt, Tom (7 August 2017). "Ngaio Gorge slip: 3500 cubic metres cleared but much more to go". Stuff.co.nz.
- "Wellington's Ngaio Gorge slip cleared enough to reopen road". nzherald.co.nz. 11 August 2017.
- Fonseka, Dileepa (18 January 2019). "Wellington's Ngaio Gorge container wall set to grow before it disappears in 2020". Stuff.co.nz.
- "eLearning Schools Search". Ministry of Education.
- "Ministry of Education School Rolls". Ministry of Education.
- "Decile Change 2014 to 2015 for State & State Integrated Schools". Ministry of Education. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- "Civil Defense". Ngaio and Cofton downs residents association.
- "Ngaio Playcentre". Ngaio Playcentre. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Childcare Centres Wellington - Our Centres". Childspace. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Grace Kindergarten". Grace Kindergarten. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
- "Trelissick Preschool In The Performing Arts". Google. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Ngaio Union Church". Ngaio Union Church. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Torrie, Bronwyn (31 March 2011). "Earthquake fear 'final straw' for Ngaio church". The Dominion Post. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Onslow Community Church". CCCNZ. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- Edward Jerningham Wakefield (16 December 2010). Adventure in New Zealand from 1839 to 1844: With Some Account of the Beginning of the British Colonization of the Islands. Cambridge University Press. pp. 545–. ISBN 978-1-108-02406-8.
- Bremner 1983, p. 43.
- "The Onslow Borough Council". Wellington City Libraries.
- Galbreath, Ross (11 December 2013). "Onslow, William Hillier". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "A view of the history of Onslow College". Onslow College. Archived from the original on 11 February 2015.
- "The Borough of Onslow". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Victoria University of Wellington Library. 1897. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Bremner 1987, p. 43.
- Bremner 1987, p. 74.
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