Ngaju people

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Ngaju people
Dayak Ngaju / Dayak Baiju
Dayak Ngaju Warrior by W.T. Gordon 1857.jpg
An illustration of a Dayak Ngaju warrior.
Total population
400,000
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia:
Central Kalimantan324,504 (2000)[1]
Languages
Ngaju language, Bakumpai language, Indonesian language
Religion
Christianity (Protestant Christian & Catholicism), Islam, Kaharingan
Related ethnic groups
Dayak people (Bakumpai people, Meratus Dayak)

The Ngaju people (also Ngaju Dayak or Dayak Ngaju) are an indigenous ethnic group of Borneo from the Dayak group.[2] In a census from 2000, when they were first listed as a separate ethnic group, they made up 18.02% of the population of Central Kalimantan province. In an earlier census from 1930, the Ngaju people were included in the Dayak people count.[3] They speak the Ngaju language.

Sub-ethnic groups[edit]

Ngaju people of southern Borneo as depicted by the first explorer to Borneo, Carl Schwaner, 1854.

Based on river stream regions, the Ngaju people are divided into:-

  • Greater Batang Baiju - Greater Baiju River
  • Lesser Batang Baiju - Lesser Baiju River

Based on language, the Ngaju people are divided into:-

Culture[edit]

Traditional folk songs[edit]

  • Sinta Takalupe Lunuk[5]
  • Karungut, Kal-Teng Membangun[6]
  • Yang Mahakasih (religious song)[7]

Food[edit]

  • Bangamat, a giant bat meat gravy cooked with garlic and various vegetables.[8][9]
  • Karuang or Kalumpe by the Ma'anyan people, a pounded Cassava leaf salad mixed with eggplant, lemongrass, onion and garlic.[9]
  • Juhu Umbut Batang Undus, coconut sprout salad eaten with sambal and often served during thanksgiving or wedding ceremonies.[9]

Notable Dayak Ngaju people[edit]

  • King Maruhum, the fourth Muslim Banjar king.
  • Nyai Undang, Kutah Baguh queen of Tanjung Pematang Sawang kingdom.
  • Raden Labih, head of the Dayak Ngaju Sei Apui people.
  • Nicodemus Djaija Negara, a Dayak Ngaju head district of Pulau Petak.
  • Damang Batu, a Dayak Ngaju Tumbang Anoi Kahayan leader and chairman of Dayak Tumbang Anoi.
  • Damang Anggen, a Dayak Ngaju leader and head district of Mendawai Katingan.
  • Soera Djaja, a Dayak Ngaju head district from Kampung Rawi and a Central Kalimantan freedom fighter.
  • Damang Pijar, head of the Dayak people
  • Batur, a Dayak Bakumpai commander, Barito War veteran.
  • Wangkang, a Dayak Bakumpai commander, Barito War veteran.
  • Hausman Baboe, founder of Central Kalimantan, a prominent figure in the Central Kalimantan press and founder of the first daily Suara Dayak Indonesian newspaper.
  • Tjilik Riwut, a National Hero of Indonesia, founder of Central Kalimantan, a writer, a Central Kalimantan freedom fighter and former governor of Central Kalimantan.
  • Mahir Mahar, founder and business leader of Central Kalimantan.
  • Agustin Teras Narang, a Central Kalimantan governor and president of the National Dayak Customary Council.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik - Sensus Penduduk Tahun 2000
  2. ^ Leo Suryadinata, Evi Nurvidya Arifin & Aris Ananta (2003). Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 981-230-212-3.
  3. ^ Riwanto Tirtosudarmo (2007). Mencari Indonesia: Demografi-Politik Pasca-Soeharto. Yayasan Obor Indonesia. ISBN 979-799-083-4.
  4. ^ M. J. Melalatoa (1995). Ensiklopedi Suku Bangsa Di Indonesia, Volume 1. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan RI. OCLC 37396203.
  5. ^ "lagu dayak Erika sinta takalupe lunuk". Rocky wans. Retrieved 2015-08-05.
  6. ^ "Karungut Kal-Teng Membangun (karungut modern)". tingang. Retrieved 2015-08-05.
  7. ^ Pak Siswa 2 Ktsp-revisi (tuhan Mengasihi Semua Orang). BPK Gunung Mulia. 2007. ISBN 979-687-591-8.
  8. ^ Iwan Prasetya (22 June 2013). "Nikmatnya Daging Paing, Kelelawar Raksasa Khas Kalteng". Liputan6. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  9. ^ a b c Febria Silaen (20 May 2016). "Sederet kuliner khas Kalimantan Tengah". Beritagar. Retrieved 2016-11-05.

External links[edit]