Ngombe language

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Native toDR Congo
Native speakers
(150,000 cited 1971)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3ngc
The tradition for a woman's first birth supports the child's survival. The husband is sent home for up to a year - younger sisters carry the baby and a stool for the mother. The mother visits family members and eats a lot.

Ngombe, or Lingombe, is a Bantu language spoken by about 150,000 people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In general, native speakers live on either side of the Congo river, and its many tributaries; more specifically, Équateur Province, Mongala District and in areas neighboring it (Sud Ubangi and Équateur districts). Ngombe is written in Latin script.[4]

The deities of the Ngombe include the supreme creator Akongo and the ancestor goddess Mbokomu.[5]

Ngombe includes several dialects in addition to Ngombe proper (Ŋgɔmbɛ). These are Wiindza-Baali, Doko (Dɔkɔ), and Binja (also rendered Binza, Libindja, or Libinja). The latter is not the same as the Binja/Binza language. Binja dialect is primarily spoken in Orientale Province and Aketi Territory, and shares about three-quarters of its linguistic characteristics with standard Ngombe.[4] Maho (2009) lists Doko as a distinct language in a separate group.


  1. ^ Ngombe at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ngombe (Democratic Republic of Congo)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ a b Lewis, M. Paul (ed.) (2009). "Ngombe". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition (online). Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Retrieved September 3, 2010.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Johnson, Allen W.; Price-Williams, Douglass Richard (1996), Oedipus Ubiquitous: The Family Complex in World Folk Literature, Stanford University Press, pp. 145–146, ISBN 978-0-8047-2577-4, retrieved 2017-11-06