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Ngubengcuka Aa! Ndaba!, also known as Vusani,[1] (c. 1790 – 10 August[citation needed] 1830)[2][3] was the king of the Thembu people, in the southern part of the Transkei region of South Africa. Ngubengcuka succeeded his father, Ndaba, as king in 1810.[1] Known as Inkosi Enkhulu (Great Chief), Ngubengcuka united the Thembu nation before it was subjected to British colonial rule.[4] He was the proverbial author and finisher of the modern kingdom that it eventually became.

Ngubengcuka had wives from the Great House or Right Hand House, and the Ixhiba, the lesser or Left Hand House. Among his many descendants is Nelson Mandela, a great-grandson via the Ixhiba or left-hand house. The name Mandela was first given to a younger brother of Simakade, the oldest son of the Ixhiba house.[5]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b Wagenaar, Elsie J.C. (August 1988). "1" (PDF). A History of the Thembu and Their Relationship With the Cape, 1850-1900 (PhD thesis). Rhodes University. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  2. ^ Perfil, Redacción (2013-12-06). "Sangre guerrera y destino de príncipe, la infancia menos conocida de Mandela". (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-11-14. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  3. ^ Gerber, R. "Mandela the Lawyer". Archived from the original on 2020-11-14. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  4. ^ Gormley, Beatrice (2016). Nelson Mandela: South African Revolutionary. Aladdin. p. 5. ISBN 978-1481420600.
  5. ^ Mandela, Nelson (1994). Long Walk to Freedom.