Ngumpin–Yapa languages

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Pilbara region, Australia
Linguistic classificationPama–Nyungan
  • Desert Nyungic
    • Ngumpin–Yapa
Ngumpin-Yapa languages.png
Ngumpin–Yapa languages (green) among other Pama–Nyungan (tan). Ngumpin is the group in the north, and Yapa (Ngarrka) the south. The tan gap in the green is Ngardi.

The Ngumpin–Yapa a.k.a. Ngarrka–Ngumpin languages are a family of Pama–Nyungan languages of the Pilbara region of Australia.[2]

Ngardi, once classified as either Ngarrga (2002) or Ngumpin (2004), has been reassigned to the Wati languages.[2]


  • McConvell and Laughren (2004) "The Ngumpin–Yapa subgroup". In Claire Bowern & Harold Koch, Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ngumpin–Yapa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ a b Bowern, Claire. 2011. How Many Languages Were Spoken in Australia? (corrected [1])