Ngunnawal, Australian Capital Territory
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
|Population||10,486 (2016 census)|
|• Density||2,497/km2 (6,470/sq mi)|
|Established||24 April 1992|
|Area||4.2 km2 (1.6 sq mi)|
Ngunnawal is a suburb in the district of Gungahlin in Canberra, Australia. The suburb is named in tribute to the Ngunnawal people, the original inhabitants of the area. The suburb was gazetted on 24 April 1992. Ngunnawal is adjacent to the suburbs of Nicholls, Casey and Amaroo and Taylor. It is bounded by Gungahlin Drive, Horse Park Drive, Gundaroo Drive and Mirrabei Drive. Ginninderra Creek is situated near Ngunnawal's eastern boundary. The suburb is located approximately 4 km from the Gungahlin Town Centre and about 13 km from the centre of Canberra.
Ngunnawal's place names like the name of the suburb itself is a celebration of the national and local Aboriginal heritage. Wanganeen Ave is named after Ken Wanganeen a prominent Aboriginal Affairs activist. Jabanungga Avenue, one of the suburb's connector roads, bears the name of Bobby Jabanungga, a local Aboriginal dancer and musician. The language of the Ngunnawal people is celebrated through the naming of some of Ngunnawal's streets such as Yerra Court (yerra means swim), Bural Court (bural means day), Mundawari Circuit (mundawari means bandicoot) and Bargang Crescent(bargang means yellow box gum).
A hilltop reserve, the most prominent natural feature in the suburb commands views of the Gungahlin Town Centre to the east and the historic Gold Creek Homestead to the west. Gold Creek Homestead was at one time at the centre of 'Gold Creek' a sprawling 1,594 hectare (3,940 acre) rural property, the largest in the Ginninderra district. Portions of the former property are or will be also occupied by parts of the suburbs of Nicholls, Harcourt Hill, Moncrieff, Casey, Kinlyside, Jacka and Taylor.
The historic 'Tea Gardens' Homestead settled by Anthony Rolfe in 1857 is also located in Ngunnawal. The thoroughfare Anthony Rolfe Drive near to the Gungahlin Town Centre is named in his honour.
Violet's Park on Marungul Avenue was named after Ngunnawal elder Josephine Violet Bulger in 1993. A commemorative artwork titled Meeting Place was installed in 2017 in honour of Violet's life and community contributions.
In June 2011, the remaining 35 ha (86 acres) of developable land on the northwestern edge of Ngunnawal was sold to Village Building, who lodged three development applications with the ACT Government to subdivide and develop it as a housing estate. The land is bound by Horse Park Drive, a tributary of Ginninderra Creek and existing residential dwellings in the established parts of Ngunnawal. Once complete, the master-planned Broadview estate is expected to support over 550 dwellings, with many smaller blocks earmarked for affordable housing.
A retirement village adjacent to the Gold Creek Homestead is currently under development by Lend Lease Retirement Living. The village will comprise 161 villas and community facilities and is expected to be completed by 2019.
Young families moving to Ngunnawal have a number of excellent schools to choose from. Ngunnawal Primary School is complemented by the nearby Gold Creek School (Primary and High School) and Holy Spirit Primary (Catholic). Ngunnawal is about 10 minutes by car from the Gungahlin Town Centre which has expanded greatly over the past 10 years since its inception and now offers a variety of national retailers, specialty shops and dining options.
There are two small shopping centres in Ngunnawal. Ngunnawal Shopping Centre is located at the corner of Wanganeen Avenue and Jabanungga Avenue and provides a Spar supermarket, bakery, takeaway shop, pharmacy, F45 functional fitness, and a medical clinic with allied health facilities. An IGA store is located in the eastern area of Ngunnawal on Mirrabei Drive.
The Ngunnawal suburb is sited on the Canberra Formation and bedrock laided down during the late middle Silurian age. The area was studied in more detail than many other parts of Canberra by J P Ceplecha from the ANU in 1971.
Most of Ngunnawal is based on slaty shale and mudstone. In the North West corner is found dacite and quartz andesite. A layer of tuff is formed into a Vee shaped surface exposure in the western half of the suburb. A smaller N shaped outcrop of tuff is found in the east corner. A crook shaped outcrop of ashstone is exposed just to the east of the Vee.
The structure of the rock has been determined by folding. The folds are aligned north-north east and plunge to the south south west. An anticline determines the point of the Vee pointing south south west. Another anticline determines the end of the crook shape. A syncline determines the top of the crook. The Deakin Fault runs roughly parallel to the fold axes on the south east side along Ginninderra Creek.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ngunnawal (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
- "Suburb Name search results". ACT Environment and Sustainable Development. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- Newman Chris (2004), Gold Creek, Reflections of Canberra's Rural Heritage, Gold Creek Homestead Working Group.
- Directorate, ACT Government;; PositionTitle=Director; SectionName=Corporate Management; Corporate=Chief Minister, Treasury and Economic Development (2017-07-25). "Ngunnawal Elder Violet Bulger's life commemorated". www.cmd.act.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
- Clisby, Meredith (9 December 2013). "Ngunnawal: application lodged for final phase of Broadview master-planned estate". The Canberra Times.
- "A new over 55's community as unique as you".
- Clisby, Meredith (20 June 2013). "Villas star in new Ngunnawal retirement complex". The Canberra Times.
- Henderson G A M and Matveev G, Geology of Canberra, Queanbeyan and Environs 1:50000 1980.