Nguyễn Chí Thanh

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Nguyễn Chí Thanh
Generale Nguyen Chi Thanh (2).jpg
Nickname(s) Revolutionary alias, Xuan; Pen name, Truong Son
Born (1914-01-01)1 January 1914
Annam, French Indochina
Died 7 June 1967(1967-06-07) (aged 53)
Hanoi, Vietnam
Allegiance Flag of Vietnam.svg Democratic Republic of Vietnam
Service/branch Flag of the People's Army of Vietnam.svg People's Army of Vietnam
Rank Vietnam People's Army General.jpg Army General
Commands held COSVN
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Awards Vietnam Gold Star ribbon.png Gold Star Order
Vietnam Hochiminh Order ribbon.png Ho Chi Minh Order
Resolution for Victory Order

Nguyễn Chí Thanh (1 January 1914 - 6 July 1967) [1][2] was a Vietnamese General in the Vietnam People's Army and former Vietnamese politician. Nguyễn Chí Thanh was born in Thừa Thiên Province in Central Vietnam to a peasant family. His original name was Nguyễn Văn Vịnh. He joined the Indochinese Communist Party in the mid-1930s and apparently spent most of the Second World War in a French prison. He worked for the Party in Central Vietnam until his rise to the Politburo in 1951. During the First Indochina War Thanh was made a general of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN). From 1965 until his death he served as the leading strategist and military commander of COSVN, the southern headquarters of communist military and political operations within the Republic of Vietnam. In late 1967, he presented plans for what was to become the Tet Offensive to the Politburo, but died of a heart attack shortly after receiving permission to implement his plan.

Nguyen Chi Thanh, with Vo Nguyen Giap and other generals planning the 1953-1954 Spring Offensive during the First Indochina War.

Revolutionary cause[edit]

Nguyễn Chí Thanh was born on January 1, 1914,[3] in the village of Quảng Điền in Thừa Thiên province. Thanh was son of Nguyễn Hán and Trần Thị Thiển , the sixth of 11 children. He grew up in a middle-class family, and was well educated. At the age of 14 his father died, his family became poor. Thanh then went to work as a farmer in order to make a living.

In 1937, Nguyễn Chí Thanh joined the Communist Party of Vietnam, Thanh became Party Secretary, in Thừa Thiên. From 1938 to 1943, Nguyễn Chí Thanh was arrested many times by the France colonial authorities. He was sent to the labor camps of Buôn Ma Thuột in Huế. After being released from prison he was sent to attend the National People's Congress in Tân Trào (1945). At the Party Congress in Tân Trào, he was nicknamed Nguyễn Chí Thanh, was elected to the Central Committee of the Communist Party and was appointed Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party to monitor and organize the winning Central Government in the August Revolution.

General Nguyen Chi Thanh discusses with Major General Chu Huy Man before taking command of COSVN, in 1964.

At the Third National Party Congress in 1960 in Hanoi, Nguyễn Chí Thanh was elected to the Central Committee and was appointed to the Politburo and the Secretariat. In 1961, he was assigned to charge the Agriculture Board of the Party. During the Vietnam War, the Central Committee of the Party he returned to the military. Nguyen Chi Thanh is also a member of the military leadership of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. In 1961, he continuously launched emulation movements in cooperatives, helping to stabilize the development situation in agricultural production in the North .From 1965 to 1967, he was assigned to the South,[4] served as Secretary of the Central Department of South Vietnam, and the Political Commissar of the Liberation Army of the South. This time he took the name of Sáu Vi. When writing newspapers, he often took the pen name Trường Sơn. At the battlefield, he was the tactician of the South Vietnamese Liberation Army with the motto "Hold the enemy belt that hit", this approach uses maneuver to limit the fire's superiority of American troops.

Nguyễn Chí Thanh died in Hanoi on July 6, 1967 due to a heart attack in Hanoi whilst reporting to President Hồ Chí Minh on the situation in the South.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, Hanoi's War: An International History of the War for Peace in Vietnam (University of North Carolina Press, 2012) p88
  2. ^ James J. Wirtz, The Tet Offensive: Intelligence Failure in War (Cornell University Press, 2017) p62
  3. ^ Elliott, David W. P. (2007). The Vietnamese War: Revolution and Social Change in the Mekong Delta, 1930-1975. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 9780765606037.
  4. ^ danviet.vn. "Đại tướng Nguyễn Chí Thanh, ngày cuối cùng ở Hà Nội năm 1967". Báo Dân Việt (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2018-01-15.
  5. ^ "Người "nổ súng" chống chủ nghĩa cá nhân - Quân đội nhân dân". archive.is. 2013-10-17. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2018-01-15.

External links[edit]