Nguyễn Phúc Chu

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Nguyễn Phúc Chu
Lord of Nguyễn Clan
Lord of Southern Vietnam
Nguyễn Lords
Reign 1691– 1725
Predecessor Nguyễn Phúc Thái
Successor Nguyễn Phúc Trú
Born 1675
Died 1725
Spouse Tống Thị Được
Nguyễn Thị Lan
Trần Thị Nghi
Lê Thị Tuyên
Tống Thị Lượng
Issue Nguyễn Phúc Trú
Full name
Nguyễn Phúc Chu
Posthumous name
Anh Mô Hùng Lược thánh Văn Tuyên Đạt Khoan Từ Nhân Thứ Hiếu Minh Hoàng Đế
Temple name
Hiển Tông
House Nguyễn Lords
Father Nguyễn Phúc Thái
Mother Tống Thị Lĩnh
Religion Buddhism

Nguyễn Phúc Chu (chữ Hán: 阮福淍, 1675 – 1 June 1725) was one of the Nguyễn lords who ruled southern Vietnam (Dang Trong) from 1691 to 1725.[1] During his time in power, he had to deal with a Champa rebellion and the first major war against the Cambodians. Nguyễn Phúc Chu was the eldest son of Nguyễn Phúc Trăn. He gained the throne on his father's early death, at just 15 years old. He took for himself the title Tong Quan-Cong (Duke of Tong).[citation needed]

Early in his reign the Champa ruler of Panduranga (in present-day Ninh Thuận), Po Sot, began a rebellion against the Nguyễn. The revolt was at first unsuccessful and after the Nguyễn army put down the revolt there was an outbreak of plague in Panduranga. Three years later, a Cham aristocrat, Oknha Dat, obtained the help of General A Ban (a somewhat mysterious figure). [clarification needed]

Together they defeated a Nguyễn military force in 1695. The new Champ king, Po Saktiray Da Patih (younger brother of Po Sot), made a treaty with Nguyễn Phúc Chu. The result was the Cham rulers in Panduranga were recognised as Trấn Vương (local lords) for the next 135 years, though they had no authority over Vietnamese living in the area. In 1714, Nguyễn Phúc Chu sent an army into Cambodia to support Keo Fa who claimed the throne against Prea Srey Thomea (see also the article on the Dark ages of Cambodia). The army of Siam also got involved in the war, the Siamese sided with the Prea Srey Thomea against the Vietnamese (this was during the time of the Ayutthaya Kings of Siam). The Vietnamese won several battles against the Siamese (including the battle of Banteay Meas) but shifting fortunes led to the war ending with negotiations rather than military defeat on either side.[citation needed]

Last years[edit]

In 1720, near the end of his reign, Nguyễn Phúc Chu, took formal control over the last lands of the Champa. Whether this was a violation of the peace treaty he signed with the Cham 25 years earlier is not known. On 1 June 1725, Nguyễn Phúc Chu died and was succeeded by his second son, Nguyễn Phúc Trú.

Map of Vietnam showing the expansion of territory over 800 years
Preceded by
Nguyễn Phúc Thái
Ruler of South Vietnam
1691–1725
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Phúc Trú

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Anh Thư Hà, Hồng Đức Trần A Brief Chronology of Vietnam's History 2000 Page 163 "Nguyễn Phúc Tăn was previouly wrongly referred to as Nguyễn Phúc Trãn6. Lord Nguyễn Phúc Chu (Quốc Chúa) (1691-1725) Nguyễn Phúc Chu was born in 1675. He was the eldest son of Nguyễn Phúc Thái."
  • Encyclopedia of Asian History, Volume 3 (Nguyen Lords) 1988. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Genealogy of the Royal Nguyen Family
  • The Encyclopedia of Military History by R. Ernest Dupuy and Trevor N. Dupuy. Harper & Row (New York).
  • Vietnam, Trials and Tribulations of a Nation by D. R. SarDesai, ppg 33–34, 1988 ISBN 0-941910-04-0