Nguyễn Phúc Khoát

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Nguyễn Phúc Khoát
Lord of Nguyễn Clan
Lord of Southern Vietnam
Nguyễn Lords
Reign 1738–1765
Predecessor Nguyễn Phúc Trú
Successor Nguyễn Phúc Thuần
Born 1714
Died 1765
Spouse Trương Thị Dung
Trần Thị Xạ
Nguyễn Phúc Ngọc Cầu
Issue Nguyễn Phúc Chương
Nguyễn Phúc Luân (father of Gia Long)
Nguyễn Phúc Dương
Nguyễn Phúc Thuần
Full name
Nguyễn Phúc Khoát
Posthumous name
Kiền Cương Uy Đoán thần Nghị Thánh Du Nhân Từ Duệ Trí Hiếu Vũ Hoàng Đế
Temple name
Thế Tông
House Nguyễn Lords
Father Nguyễn Phúc Chú
Mother Trương Thị Thư
Religion Buddhism

Nguyễn Phúc Khoát (1714–1765) was one of the Nguyễn lords who ruled over the southern portion of Vietnam from the 16th–18th centuries. Also known as Chúa Võ or Võ vương[1][2][3][4][5] (roughly Martial Prince), he continued the southern expansion undertaken by his predecessor as lord, Nguyễn Phúc Trú. Provinces and districts originally belonging to Cambodia were taken by Vo Vuong.[6][7] The Vietnamese-Cambodian border established by the end of his reign remains the border today.[8]

In 1747, Vo Vuong sent a number of Vietnamese warriors to aid rebel princes of Cambodia against the newly crowned Cambodian King Ang Tong. These forces seized Sóc Trăng and then moved towards Oudong, then royal capital of Cambodia. Ang Tong requested aid from Mạc Thiên Tứ, who secured a truce with the Nguyễn lord, in exchange for a few more provinces, namely Gò Công and Tân An. Ten years later, the Cambodian throne was seized by Outey II, with the help of Nguyễn and Mac. In return for their contributions, he granted them seven provinces, including Sóc Trăng, Trà Vinh, Kampot, and Kompong Som.

The de jure pretense of loyalty to the Le was performed by Vo vuong.[9]

Trousers and tunics on the Chinese pattern in 1774 were ordered by the Vo Vuong Emperor to replace the traditional Vietnamese skirt of women.[10] However, Han-Chinese clothing is assembled by several pieces of clothing including both pants and skirts called Qun (裙) or chang (裳) which is a part of Hanfu garments throughout the history of Han Chinese clothing.. The Chinese Ming dynasty, Tang dynasty, and Han dynasty clothing was referred by Nguyễn Phúc Khoát (Nguyen The Tong).[11]

Vo-vuong listened to music by western missionaries.[12] Missionaries and Christianity were banned by Vo Vuong in 1750.[13]

Nguyễn Phúc Khoát died in 1765, and was succeeded by his sixteenth son, Nguyễn Phúc Thuần.[14] The presumed heir was originally his second son Chuong Vo.[15]

When Vo vuong died his demise was taken advantage of by the Tay Son.[16]

Preceded by
Nguyễn Phúc Trú
Ruler of South Vietnam
1738–1765
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Phúc Thuần

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ingo Barens; Volker Caspari; Bertram Schefold (1 January 2004). Political Events and Economic Ideas. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 406–. ISBN 978-1-84542-152-6. 
  2. ^ Elijah Coleman Bridgman; Samuel Wells Willaims (1847). The Chinese Repository. proprietors. pp. 585–. 
  3. ^ Journal of the North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. Kelly & Walsh. 1882. pp. 57–. 
  4. ^ Sir James Haldane Stewart Lockhart; G. B. Glover (1898). The Currency of the Farther East from the Earliest Times Up to the Present Day. Noronha & Company. pp. 51–. 
  5. ^ George Edson Dutton (2006). The Tây S_n Uprising: Society and Rebellion in Eighteenth-century Vietnam. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 279–. ISBN 978-0-8248-2984-1. 
  6. ^ George Coedes (15 May 2015). The Making of South East Asia (RLE Modern East and South East Asia). Taylor & Francis. pp. 175–. ISBN 978-1-317-45094-8. 
  7. ^ G. Coedes; George Cœdès (1966). The Making of South East Asia. University of California Press. pp. 213–. ISBN 978-0-520-05061-7. 
  8. ^ Nghia M. Vo Saigon: A History 2011 p. 268 "When Lord Nguyễn Phúc Khoát died in 1765, Loan, who was the regent and Khoát's maternal uncle, forged an edict allowing him to imprison Crown Prince Hưng Tổ. He then appointed the 12-year-old Duệ Tôn as the new chúa "
  9. ^ Victor Lieberman (26 May 2003). Strange Parallels: Volume 1, Integration on the Mainland: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c.800–1830. Cambridge University Press. pp. 419–. ISBN 978-1-139-43762-2. 
  10. ^ Anthony Reid (9 May 1990). Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce, 1450-1680: The Lands Below the Winds. Yale University Press. pp. 90–. ISBN 978-0-300-04750-9. 
  11. ^ Jayne Werner; John K. Whitmore; George Dutton (21 August 2012). Sources of Vietnamese Tradition. Columbia University Press. pp. 295–. ISBN 978-0-231-51110-0. 
  12. ^ Tamkang Review. Graduate Institute of Western Languages and Literature Research, Tamkang College of Arts and Sciences. 2001. p. 32. 
  13. ^ Nicholas Belfield Dennys (1890). The China Review, Or, Notes and Queries on the Far East. "China Mail" Office. pp. 25–. 
  14. ^ Anh Thư Hà, Hồng Đức Trần A Brief Chronology of Vietnam's History 2000 p.166 "He was the sixteenth son of Nguyễn Phúc Khoát. At first, Nguyễn Phúc Khoát chose his ninth son Phúc Hiệu as the Heir Apparent, but Phúc Hiệu died at a young age while Nguyễn Phúc Dương, Phúc Hiện̉s son, was still an infant."
  15. ^ Alastair Lamb (June 1970). The Mandarin road to old Hué: narratives of Anglo-Vietnamese diplomacy from the 17th century to the eve of the French conquest. Archon Books. p. 89. 
  16. ^ Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society: 1961. The Branch. 1961. p. 32. 

Sources[edit]

  • Coedes, G. (1962). The Making of South-east Asia. London: Cox & Wyman Ltd. p213.