Nguyen Huu Tho
|Nguyễn Hữu Thọ|
|Chairman of the National Assembly of Vietnam|
26 April 1981 – 19 April 1987
|Preceded by||Trường Chinh|
|Succeeded by||Lê Quang Đạo|
|Vice President of Vietnam|
25 April 1976 – 19 July 1992
|Preceded by||Nguyễn Lương Bằng
(as Vice President)
|Succeeded by||Nguyễn Thị Bình|
|Chairman of the Consultative Council of Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam|
6 June 1969 – 25 April 1976
|Preceded by||Post established|
|Succeeded by||Post abolished|
10 July 1910|
Bến Lức District, Long An Province, French Indochina
|Died||24 December 1996
Hanoi, Socialist Republic of Vietnam
|Political party||Communist Party of Vietnam|
Life and career
A French-educated lawyer in Cochinchina, Thọ was also a member of the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO) and a participant in the Vietnamese fight for independence. He joined the Vietnamese National Popular League (or Liên Việt) in 1948, Communist Party in 1949, and was kept in detention from 1950–52, he later came to support the 1954 Geneva agreements, but opposed the government of South Vietnam's president, Ngô Đình Diệm. In August 1954, he founded the Committee in Defense of Peace and the Geneva Agreements. The committee was crushed and banned by the South Vietnamese government in November the same year, and Thọ and other members of the organization were jailed after a police raid.
He remained in detention until 1961, when he managed to escape. Free, Thọ became Chairman of the Central Committee of the National Liberation Front. In 1965, he delivered an anti-imperialist speech, a booklet was later published in English, entitled SPEECH. His title was given as: President of the Presidium of the Consultative Council of the South Viet Nam [sic] National Front for Liberation on the 5th founding anniversary of the N.F.L. In 1969, he came Chairman of the Consultative Council of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam, a post he retained until South Vietnam was incorporated into North Vietnam in 1976.
In the newly re-unified Vietnam, he served as one of the vice presidents until the death of Tôn Đức Thắng, when he was named acting president (April 1980 — July 1981), a post he held until the appointment of Trường Chinh, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, in July 1981. On relinquishing the post of president, he assumed the role of Chairman of the National Assembly until 1987. He was vice-chairman of the council of state 1981-92. Thọ was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize (1983–84).
- Kiernan, Ben. How Pol Pot Came to Power. London: Verso, 1985. pp. 170-71
- Nghia M. Vo - Saigon: A History 2011- Page 140 "In a clearing in the Tây Ninh province about 80 miles west of Saigon, on December 19 to 20, 1960, Nguyễn Hữu Thọ, a Saigon lawyer, Trương Như Tảng, chief comptroller of a bank, Drs. Dương Quỳnh Hoa and Phùng Văn Cung, along with other dissidents, met with communists to form the National Liberation Front..."
- Interview with Nguyễn Hữu Thọ, 1981 (Video Interview) WGBH Media Library & Archives