Nguyễn Thị Bình

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Nguyễn Thị Bình
Nguyen Thi Binh mink collection.loc.jpg
Vice President of Vietnam
In office
September 10th, 1992 – August 8th, 2002
Preceded by Nguyễn Thị Định
Succeeded by Trương Mỹ Hoa
Ministry of Education and Training
Assumed office
July 3rd, 1976
Preceded by Nguyễn Văn Huyên
Succeeded by Phạm Minh Hạc
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam
In office
June 8, 1969 – July 2, 1976
Preceded by Office Created
Succeeded by Office Abolished
Personal details
Born Nguyễn Thị Châu Sa
26 May 1927
Châu Thành, Sa Đéc Province, French Indochina

Nguyễn Thị Bình (born Nguyễn Châu Sa; 26 May 1927) is a Vietnamese communist leader and politician who negotiated at the Paris Peace Conference on behalf of the Viet Cong, or National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam.

Life and work[edit]

Nguyễn Thị Bình was born in 1927 in Saigon and is a granddaughter of the Nationalist leader Phan Chu Trinh.[1] She studied French at Lycée Sisowath in Cambodia and worked as a teacher during the French colonisation of Vietnam. She joined Vietnam's Communist Party in 1948. From 1945 to 1951, she took part in various intellectual movements against the French colonists. Subsequently, she was arrested and jailed between 1951 and 1953 in Chí Hòa Prison (Saigon) by the French colonial authority in Vietnam.[2]

Photo of Nguyen Thi Binh (centre-left) with Nguyễn Thị Định alongside other "Long-Haired Army" leaders.

During the Vietnam War, she became a member of the Vietcong's Central Committee and a vice-chairperson of the South Vietnamese Women's Liberation Association. In 1969 she was appointed foreign minister of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam and played a major role in the Paris Peace Accords on Vietnam, an agreement that was supposed to end the war and restore peace in Vietnam, which was signed in Paris and which entered into force 17 January 1973.[3] She was one of those who signed the Paris Peace Accords[4].

After the Vietnam War, she was appointed Minister of Education of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam[3] and from 1982 to 1986 was a member of the Central Committee of Vietnam's Communist Party, since 1987 to 1992 was Vice Head of the Central External Relations Department of Party. The National Assembly elected her twice to the position of Vice President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam for the terms 1992–1997 and 1997–2002[5].

Political offices
Preceded by
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
Vice President of Vietnam
1992–2002
Succeeded by
Trương Mỹ Hoa

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nguyen Thi Binh". Northeastern Dictionary of Women's Biography (3rd ed.). Boston: Northeastern University Press. 1999. pp. 400–401. ISBN 978-1-55553-421-9. 
  2. ^ Brigham, Robert K. (2011). "Nguyen Thi Binh". The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History (2nd ed.). Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. pp. 834–835. ISBN 978-1-85109-961-0. 
  3. ^ a b Hy V. Luong (2003), Postwar Vietnam: dynamics of a transforming society, Rowman & Littlefield, ISBN 0847698653, p. 223
  4. ^ "BBCVietnamese.com | Việt Nam | BBC phỏng vấn bà Nguyễn Thị Bình". www.bbc.com (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2018-06-17. 
  5. ^ "BBCVietnamese.com | Việt Nam | BBC phỏng vấn bà Nguyễn Thị Bình". www.bbc.com (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2018-06-17.