Nguyễn Thị Bình

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Her Excellency
Nguyễn Thị Bình
Nguyen Thi Binh.jpg
Nguyễn Thị Bình during a visit of President of India Pratibha Devisingh Patil to Hanoi in 2008
Vice President of Vietnam
In office
September 10, 1992 – August 8, 2002
Preceded byNguyễn Thị Định
Succeeded byTrương Mỹ Hoa
Minister of Education and Training
In office
July 3, 1976 – February 15, 1987
Preceded byNguyễn Văn Huyên
Succeeded byPhạm Minh Hạc
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam
In office
June 8, 1969 – July 2, 1976
Preceded byOffice Created
Succeeded byOffice Abolished
Personal details
Born
Nguyễn Thị Châu Sa

(1927-05-26) 26 May 1927 (age 95)
Châu Thành, Sa Đéc Province, French Indochina
Political partyCommunist Party of Vietnam
RelationsPhan Châu Trinh (grandfather)
Signature
Nickname(s)Madame Bình
Yến Sa

Nguyễn Thị Bình (born Nguyễn Châu Sa; 26 May 1927) is a Vietnamese revolutionary leader, diplomat and politician who became internationally known[1] for her role as head of the Viet Cong (NLF) delegation at the Paris Peace Conference. The only woman to sign the 1973 peace accords that ended American intervention in the Vietnam War, she served in the government of reunified Vietnam after the Fall of Saigon and later became the country's Vice President in 1992. She is the first woman in Vietnamese history to be appointed a cabinet minister.

Life and work[edit]

Nguyễn Thị Bình was born in 1927 in Châu Thành, Sa Đéc Province and is a granddaughter of the Nationalist leader Phan Chu Trinh.[2] She studied French at Lycée Sisowath in Cambodia and worked as a teacher during the French colonisation of Vietnam. She joined Vietnam's Communist Party in 1948. From 1945 to 1951, she took part in various intellectual movements against the French colonists. Subsequently, she was arrested and jailed between 1951 and 1953 in Chí Hòa Prison (Saigon) by the French colonial authority in Vietnam.[3]

Photo of Nguyễn Thị Bình (centre-left) with Nguyễn Thị Định alongside other "Long-Haired Army" leaders.

During the Vietnam War, she became a member of the Vietcong's Central Committee and a vice-chairperson of the South Vietnamese Women's Liberation Association. In 1969 she was appointed foreign minister of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam. A fluent French speaker, Bình played a major role in the Paris Peace Accords on Vietnam, an agreement that was supposed to end the war and restore peace in Vietnam, which was signed in Paris and which entered into force 17 January 1973.[4] She was expected to be replaced by a male Vietcong representative after preliminary talks, but quickly became one of the group's most visible international public figures.[1] During that time, she was very famous in representing Vietnamese women with her elegant and gracious style, and was named by the media as "Madame Bình". She was the only woman who signed the Paris Peace Accords.[5]

After the Vietnam War, she was appointed Minister of Education of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam[4] and from 1982 to 1986, which made her the first female minister ever in the history of Viet Nam. Nguyen Thi Binh was a member of the Central Committee of Vietnam's Communist Party, since 1987 to 1992, was Vice Head of the Central External Relations Department of Party. The National Assembly elected her twice to the position of Vice President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam for the terms 1992–1997 and 1997–2002.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Voice of the Vietcong in Paris". The New York Times. 18 September 1970. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 23 January 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Nguyen Thi Binh". Northeastern Dictionary of Women's Biography (3rd ed.). Boston: Northeastern University Press. 1999. pp. 400–401. ISBN 978-1-55553-421-9.
  3. ^ Brigham, Robert K. (2011). "Nguyen Thi Binh". The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History (2nd ed.). Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. pp. 834–835. ISBN 978-1-85109-961-0.
  4. ^ a b Hy V. Luong (2003), Postwar Vietnam: dynamics of a transforming society, Rowman & Littlefield, ISBN 0847698653, p. 223
  5. ^ a b "BBCVietnamese.com | Việt Nam | BBC phỏng vấn bà Nguyễn Thị Bình". www.bbc.com (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 17 June 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by Vice President of Vietnam
1992–2002
Succeeded by