Nguyễn Xuân Phúc

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Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
Mr. Nguyen Xuan Phuc.jpg
10th President of Vietnam
Assumed office
5 April 2021
Prime MinisterPhạm Minh Chính
Vice PresidentĐặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
Võ Thị Ánh Xuân
Preceded byNguyễn Phú Trọng
7th Prime Minister of Vietnam
In office
7 April 2016 – 5 April 2021
PresidentTrần Đại Quang
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
DeputyTrương Hòa Bình
Preceded byNguyễn Tấn Dũng
Succeeded byPhạm Minh Chính
Member of the National Assembly
Assumed office
5 April 2021
Preceded byTrần Đại Quang
ConstituencyHo Chi Minh City
Deputy Prime Minister of Vietnam
In office
2 August 2011 – 7 April 2016
Prime MinisterNguyễn Tấn Dũng
Preceded byNguyễn Sinh Hùng
Succeeded byTrương Hòa Bình
Minister of the Government Office
In office
2 August 2007 – 3 August 2011
Prime MinisterNguyễn Tấn Dũng
Preceded byĐoàn Mạnh Giao
Succeeded byVũ Đức Đam
Personal details
Born (1954-07-20) 20 July 1954 (age 67)
Quế Sơn, Quảng Nam, State of Vietnam
(now Vietnam)
Political partyCommunist Party of Vietnam (1982–present)
Spouse(s)Trần Thị Nguyệt Thu
ChildrenNguyễn Thị Xuân Trang, Nguyễn Xuân Hiếu
Residence(s)Presidential Palace
Alma materNational Economics University
National Academy of Public Administration
National University of Singapore
ReligionIrreligion
Signature
Websitevpctn.gov.vn

Nguyễn Xuân Phúc (born 20 July 1954) is a Vietnamese politician currently serving as the President of Vietnam, one of the highest-ranked officials in Vietnam along with Nguyễn Phú Trọng, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (de facto leader). Nguyễn Xuân Phúc ranked 2nd in the Communist Party's 13th Politburo behind Nguyễn Phú Trọng and was ranked 3rd in the 12th Politburo.[1] Nguyễn Xuân Phúc is also a full member of the National Assembly, serving in its 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th terms. He was elected to the post by the National Assembly of Vietnam on 5 April 2021 after serving 5 years as Prime Minister of the country. Nguyễn Xuân Phúc became a member of the Communist Party of Vietnam on 12 November 1983.

Nguyễn Xuân Phúc studied at the Hanoi National Economic University in economic management between 1973 and 1978, after which he studied administrative management at the Vietnam National Administrative Academy. From 1978 to 1979 he was employed by Quảng Nam-Dà Nang Economic Board. From 1980 to 1993, Nguyễn Xuân Phúc worked initially as an employee, before rising to deputy head of Quảng Nam - Đà Nẵng's People's Committee. Nguyễn Xuân Phúc then served in various roles including that of provincial president, director of government offices, before becoming deputy prime minister (2011–2016).

Early life[edit]

Nguyễn Xuân Phúc was born on 20 July 1954, at the commune of Quế Phú, district of Quế Sơn, Quảng Nam Province, in what was then the Republic of Vietnam. He took economic management at Hanoi National Economic University from 1973 to 1978. He was accepted to join the Communist Party of Vietnam on 12 May 1982, officially becoming a member of this party on 12 November 1983.[2] From 1978 to 1979 he was among personnel at the Quảng Nam-Đà Nẵng Economic Board. From 1980 to 1993: Nguyễn Xuân Phúc was an employee, then deputy, rising to Chief of Office of the Quảng Nam – Đà Nẵng People's Committee. He studied administrative management at the Vietnam National Administrative Academy.

His father Nguyễn Hiền was born in 1918, and worked for the Democratic Republic of Vietnam before 1954, heading north in accordance with the Geneva Accord. He, his mother and siblings stayed in their hometown, where they studied at the village school. His mother and siblings secretly worked for the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam, and his sister was killed by the US military and the South Vietnamese government after a battle in 1965. In 1966, his mother was also killed. He lived with his sister in his hometown for a while, then secretly brought to North by the comrades of his parents in 1967.[3]

He currently resides at Government House No.11 One Pillar Pagoda, Dien Bien Ward, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi City.[4]

Education

Nguyễn Xuân Phúc attended junior high school in his hometown of Quang Nam, Da Nang. In the period 1966 - 1968, he went to the Revolutionary War Zone and was trained by the Party in the North. He attended high school and was also the Secretary of the High School Youth Union from 1968 to 1972, graduating from general education on October 10, 1972.[5]

From 1973, he moved to Hanoi, studied at the National Economics University, participated in activities in the Youth Union movement, and served as Secretary of the Union. In 1978, he graduated with a Bachelor of Economics from Hanoi National Economics University with a foreign language certificate in English B, Russian Literature B.[6] In the 1990s, he studied State Administration. at the National Academy of Public Administration . In 1996, he was sent to study Economic Management at the National University of Singapore.[6]

On May 12, 1982, he was admitted to the Communist Party of Vietnam, though the official date is November 12, 1983.[6]

Political career[edit]

From 1993–1996: Nguyễn Xuân Phúc was the Director of Department of Planning and Investment of Quang Nam-Da Nang Province. He studied economic management at the National University of Singapore.[citation needed]

From 1997–2001: Nguyễn Xuân Phúc became a permanent member of the Provincial party committee (17th, 18th session); Vice Chairman, then the first Vice Chairman of the provincial People's Committee of Quang Nam Province and Director of Industrial Zones Management Board of Quang Nam Province. He was a member of the provincial People's Council (6th session).

From 2001–2004: Vice Secretary of provincial party committee of Quang Nam Province, Chairman of the People's Committee of Quang Nam Province (term from 1999 – 2004). He was a member of Vietnam's National Assembly (11th session), head of Quang Nam Province's members of the National Assembly, and a member of the Committee for Economy and Budget of the National Assembly (11th session).

In March 2006, he was appointed Deputy Chief Inspector of the Government. At the 10th National Party Congress, the party elected him to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam. In June 2006, he was appointed as Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee, Deputy Chairman of the Government Office. In August 2007, he was approved by the National Assembly as Minister of the Government of Vietnam.

From June 2006 to August 2007 Nguyễn Xuân Phúc was Permanent Vice Minister of the Office of Government, member of the 11th National Assembly's Economic and Budgetary Commission

From August 2007 to January 2011 Nguyễn Xuân Phúc was Minister of the Office of Government, Head of the Prime Minister's Task Force for Administrative Procedure Reform

From January 2011 to July 2011 Nguyễn Xuân Phúc was Member of the Politburo of the 11th CPV Central Committee, Minister of the Office of Government

From 2 August 2011 to 7 April 2016 Nguyễn Xuân Phúc was the Deputy Prime Minister of Vietnam.

On 7 April 2016, Nguyễn Xuân Phúc became the Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam at the 11th working session of the 13th National Assembly. During his tenure, he has been praised for overseeing Vietnam's successful response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.[7]

On 31 January 2021, Nguyễn Xuân Phúc was re-elected by the 13th Party Central Committee.[8]

On 5 April 2021, he was elected the 10th President of Vietnam, during a meeting session of the National Assembly, succeeding Nguyễn Phú Trọng who had previously announced his resignation from the role.[7] Nguyễn Xuân Phúc was the only nominated candidate for the role, the first incumbent Prime Minister to be elected President by the National Assembly, and the first Prime Minister to be elected President since Ho Chi Minh in 1945.[9]

Personal life[edit]

His wife is Trần Thị Nguyệt Thu.[10][11][12] He has 2 children, a daughter named Nguyễn Thị Xuân Trang (b. 1986, married to Mr. Vũ Chí Hùng in 2009) and a son named Nguyễn Xuân Hiếu.[13] His son-in-law, Mr. Vũ Chí Hùng, is the incumbent Vice Director General of the General Department of Taxation.[14]

He has a brother named Nguyễn Quốc Dũng, born in 1947, who is the former Procurator General of the People's Procuracy of Da Nang. He had a living sister named Nguyễn Thị Thuyền (born right after Mr. Nguyễn Quốc Dũng in 1952) and another sister who was shot by American soldiers during the Vietnam War.[15]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thanh nien News 19 members of the political order in hierarchy on 29 January 2016
  2. ^ Based on VPCP he officially joined the party on 12 May 1983 but according to this official site of BNV Archived 2011-01-10 at the Wayback Machine on 15 November 1983.
  3. ^ "Chuyện chưa kể về Thủ tướng Nguyễn Xuân Phúc". Báo giao thông (in Vietnamese). 8 April 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  4. ^ National Election Commission 2016, List of candidates for the XIV National Assembly in 2016 in 63 provinces and cities
  5. ^ Vietnamese general education is divided into several periods. Before 1981, 10/10 general education, in 1981, the education reform started, the education system changed from 10 years to 12 years (skipping preschool), becoming 12/12 so far.
  6. ^ a b c "Tiểu sử lãnh đạo - THỦ TƯỚNG CHÍNH PHỦ NGUYỄN XUÂN PHÚC".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ a b "Leader of Vietnam's COVID response sworn in as president". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  8. ^ Biography of Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc - GT(01/31/2021)
  9. ^ "Nguyen Xuan Phuc elected as Vietnam's new president". www.msn.com. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  10. ^ "BST áo dài Lan Hương ra mắt phu nhân nguyên thủ các nước tới Hà Nội". 9 June 2017. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Thủ tướng Nguyễn Xuân Phúc đến Phi-líp-pin dự hội nghị cấp cao ASEAN 30". 9 June 2017. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Nguyễn Xuân Phúc chính thức thay Nguyễn Tấn Dũng làm thủ tướng - Nguoi Viet Daily News". 9 June 2017. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Nguyễn Xuân Phúc chính thức thay Nguyễn Tấn Dũng làm thủ tướng". 7 April 2016. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Bổ nhiệm ông Vũ Chí Hùng lên chức Phó Tổng cục trưởng Tổng cục Thuế".
  15. ^ "Chuyện chưa kể về Thủ tướng Nguyễn Xuân Phúc". 8 April 2016.
  16. ^ "El presidente de Cuba condecora a su homólogo de Vietnam en La Habana" [The president of Cuba honors his counterpart from Vietnam in Havana] (in Spanish). EFE. 20 September 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.

External links[edit]

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Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Vietnam
2016–2021
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of Vietnam
2021–present
Incumbent
Positions in intergovernmental organisations
Preceded by Chair of the ASEAN
2020
Succeeded by