Ngwane III

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Ngwane III
King of Swaziland
Reign 1745 – 1780
Coronation ~1745
Predecessor Dlamini III
Successor Ndvungunye
Died 1780
Shiselweni
Issue Ndvungunye
House House of Dlamini
Father Dlamini III
Mother Queen LaYaka Ndwandwe

Ngwane III was King of Swaziland from 1745 to 1780. He is considered to be the first King of modern Swaziland.[1] For his name the people were called bakaNgwane and the country was called kaNgwane or lakaNgwane. Ngwane was the son of Dlamini III and Queen LaYaka Ndwandwe.[2] Dlamini was succeeded by Ngwane III his son with Queen LaYaka Ndwandwe.[2] He took over the Dlamini chieftaincy and established settlements south of the Pongola River, later moving them to the north of the river banks.[3] This makes Ngwane and his followers the founders of modern Swaziland.[3] Ngwane ruled his Kingdom from the south east of Swaziland in the present Shiselweni district and his headquarters were called Zombodze at the foot of the Mhlosheni hills.[3] It was at Zombodze that the Nguni ceremony incwala was celebrated for the first time.

Kingship[edit]

Ngwane III is an important figure in the history of Swaziland and he is regarded the first King of modern Swaziland. He succeeded his father Dlamini III as chief of the early Swazi who had settled near the Pongola River and Lubombo Mountains.[2] He managed to conquer land south of the Pongola River. He wasn't able to hold this land, but it is this land which is still seen as an important part of modern Swaziland.[1] Later he settled on the northern side of the Pongola and subsequently moving his royal capital to Zombodze, within the borders of present day Swaziland. Zombodze became the heartland of the Ngwane kingdom, and incwala, the Nguni ceremony of First Fruits was celebrated for the first time there.[3] Ngwane thus became the eponym of his country and his people. The country became known as kaNgwane, means "the country of place of Ngwane" and his people as bakaNgwane. This name is still used today and the Swazi people use this name to refer to themselves as a people.[4] Ngwane III reigned until 1780 when his son, Ndvungunye, became King after a regency of Queen LaYaka Ndwandwe.[5]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Dlamini III
King of Swaziland
1745–1780
Succeeded by
LaYaka Ndwandwe
(Queen Regent)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b D. Hugh Gillis (30 March 1999). The Kingdom of Swaziland. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-30670-9. 
  2. ^ a b c Bonner, Philip (1982). Kings, Commoners and Concessionaires. Great Britain: Cambridge University Press. pp. 9–27. ISBN 0521242703. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gillis, Hugh (1999). The Kingdom of Swaziland: Studies in Political History. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0313306702. 
  4. ^ "Kings of the Kingdom". Swaziland Government. Archived from the original on 29 December 2008. Retrieved 9 August 2008. 
  5. ^ [1], worldstatesmen.org

See also[edit]