Nhất Linh

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Nguyễn Tường Tam (chữ Hán: 阮祥三; Cẩm Giàng, Hải Dương 25 July 1906 – Saigon, 7 July 1963) better known by his pen-name Nhất Linh (一靈, "One Spirit") was a Vietnamese writer, editor and publisher in colonial Hanoi.[1] He founded the literary group and publishing house Tự Lực Văn Đoàn ("Self-Strengthening Literary Group") in 1932 with the literary magazines Phong Hóa ("Customs", or "Mores") and Ngày Nay ("Today"), and serialized, then published, many of the influential realism-influenced novels of the 1930s.

In the 1940s he organized a political party, Đại Việt Dân Chính ("Great Viet Democratic Party" DVDC).[2] Tam fled to China where he was arrested on the orders of Chang Fa Kwei, who at same time had arrested Ho Chi Minh.[3] This faction soon merged with the larger Đại Việt Quốc Dân Đảng ("Great Viet Nationalist Party" DVQDD) and later this too merged into the Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng ("Vietnamese Nationalist Party" VNQDD).

After release from China Nhat Linh returned to Vietnam in 1945, to become Foreign Minister in the first coalition government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. He was chief negotiator with the French in Dalat in April 1946 and was to have led the delegation to France. However fearing Viet Minh assassination he fled to Hong Kong and resided there 1946-1950. On his return to Vietnam, to the South, avoiding politics and concentrated on literary activities.[4] This did not prevent the accusation of the Ngo Dinh Diem regime of involvement in the 1960 attempted coup. Nhat Linh denied this, and the police having found no evidence did not seek to arrest Tam till 1963. Tam committed suicide by ingesting cyanide, leaving a death note stating "I also will kill myself as a warning to those people who are trampling on all freedom", the "also" probably referring to Thich Quang Duc, the monk who had self-immolated in protest against Diem's persecution of Buddhism a month earlier.

Works[edit]

Novels[edit]

  • Gánh hàng hoa (with Khái Hưng, 1934)
  • Đời mưa gió (with Khái Hưng, 1934)
  • Nắng thu (1934)
  • Đoạn tuyệt (1934-1935)
  • Lạnh lùng (1935-1936)
  • Đôi bạn (1936-1937)
  • Bướm trắng (1938-1939)
  • Xóm cầu mới (1949-1957).
  • Giòng sông Thanh Thủy (1960-1961).
Ba người bộ hành
Chi bộ hai người
Vọng quốc

Stories[edit]

  • Nho phong (1924)
  • Người quay tơ (1926)
  • Anh phải sống (with Khái Hưng, 1932 - 1933)
  • Đi Tây (1935)
  • Hai buổi chiều vàng (1934-1937)
  • Thế rồi một buổi chiều (1934-1937)
  • Thương chồng (1961)

Essay[edit]

  • Viết và đọc tiểu thuyết (1952-1961)

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hy V. Luong Postwar Vietnam: Dynamics of a Transforming Society 2003 - Page 263 "The preeminent editor of the 1930s was Nguyen TuongTam (1906-1963), better known by his pen name of Nhat Linh. Two years after returning from France in 1930, Nhat Linh took control of a Hanoi weekly called Phong Hoa (Customs),.."
  2. ^ Archimedes L. A. Patti -Why Viet Nam?: Prelude to America's Albatross Page 533 1982 "A pro-Japanese faction under the leadership of Nguyen Tuong Tam adopted the name Dai Viet Dan Chinh (Great Viet Nam Democratic Party)"
  3. ^ Spencer C. Tucker -The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War 2011 Page 837 "In the early 1940s Nhat Linh (a pen name) participated in revolutionary activities, such as organizing the Dai Viet Dan Chinh. He then fled to China, where he was arrested on the orders of Chang Fa Kwei at the same time as Ho Chi Minh."
  4. ^ Spencer C. Tucker The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War Page 837 2011 "Returning to Vietnam in 1945, Nhat Linh became minister of foreign affairs in the first coalition government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam"
  5. ^ Emily Bronte, Đỉnh Gió Hú, Nhất Linh, Nguyễn Tường Thiết dịch