Jawaharlal Nehru Port

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Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust
Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT).jpg
Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) in 2017 with Belpada Canal on the top left and HMM container ship at bottom
Location
Country India
LocationNavi Mumbai's Raigad district, Maharashtra
Coordinates18°57′N 72°57′E / 18.950°N 72.950°E / 18.950; 72.950[1]
Details
Operated byJawaharlal Nehru Port Trust
Owned byGovernment of India
Statistics
Annual cargo tonnageBulk: 7.88 million tons (2010-11)[2]
Container: 56.43 million tons (2010-11)
Annual container volume5.05 million TEU (2018-19)[3]
Website
jnport.gov.in

Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) or JLN Port, also known as Nhava Sheva Port, is the second largest container port in India after Mundra Port.[4][5] Located in Navi Mumbai's Raigad district, this port on the Arabian Sea is accessed via Thane Creek. It is a nodal city of Navi Mumbai.[6] Its common name derives from the names of Nhava and Sheva villages that are situated here. This port is also the terminal of the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor.

History[edit]

The port was established on 26 May 1989.

JN Port is the second largest container handling port in India after Mundra Port,[7][8] crossing 4 million TEUs (Twenty-foot equivalent units) in containers throughout consecutively between 2016 and 2021.

JNP consists of a full-fledged Customs House, 30 Container Freight Stations and connectivity to 52 Inland Container Depots across the country. The hinterland connectivity both by rail and road is being further strengthened by ongoing projects like the Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC), which will increase the existing train capacity from 27 to 100 trains per day; Multi-Modal Logistics Park (MMLP) and widening of the Port's road connectivity. It is in proximity to the Cities of Mumbai, Navi Mumbai and Pune; airports; hotels, exhibition centres, etc. gives the Port an extra edge to address the shippers’ needs, efficiently and promptly.

Facilities[edit]

The JNP Trust (JNPT) Container Terminal is operated by JNPT. It has a quay length of 680 metres (2,230 ft) with 3 berths.[9]

A container ship of Wan Hai Lines Ltd. at JNPT in 2016

The Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT) is leased to a consortium led by P & O, now a part of DP World. Commissioned in July 2000, it has a 600 metres (2,000 ft) quay length with two berths. It can handle up to 62.15 million tons of cargo.[10] NSICT was India’s first privately managed container terminal. In the year 2006, GTI (Gateway Terminals India Pvt Ltd), a third container terminal operated by APM Terminals, with the capacity to handle 1.3 Million TEUs was commissioned. A new standalone container terminal by the name of NSIGT having a quay length of 330 m and a capacity of 12.5 Million Tonnes will be fully operational by July 2016. The fourth container terminal, Bharat Mumbai Container Terminals (PSA Mumbai), is developed and operated by PSA International. The Phase 1 with capacity of 2.4 Million TEUs p.a. had completed in Dec 2017. The terminal will have full capacity of 4.8 Million TEUs p.a. and a quay length of 2,000 m by the completion of Phase 2.

JNPT view from seaside

In 2006, the port implemented the logistics data tagging of containers.[11] JNPT houses India’s best logistics connectivity with facilitation from Container Freight Stations and Logistics parks owned by government as well as private players namely Maharashtra State Warehousing Corporation, DRT, Gateway District Park, Allcargo, Avashya, Continental Warehousing, Ameya Logistics, TransIndia and Contegrate Entrepot. JNPT authorities have been trying to implement direct port delivery model of the containers, a first of its kind model promoted under the ease of doing business in India.

Traffic[edit]

JNPT view from portside

Major exports from Jawaharlal Nehru Port are textiles, sporting goods, carpets, textile machinery, boneless meat, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The main imports are chemicals, machinery, plastics, electrical machinery, vegetable oils, and aluminium and other non-ferrous metals. The port handles cargo traffic mostly originating from or destined for Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, as well as most of North India.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Geographic Location". Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust. Archived from the original on 17 October 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Cumulative Traffic April 2010 to March 2011" (PDF). Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  3. ^ "JNPT crosses 5 mn TEUs of container handling in 2018". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  4. ^ Bureau&, Our. "Mundra pips JNPT to become India's biggest container port". www.thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  5. ^ "Top 10: Mundra busiest container port in India & Australia". supplychaindigital.com. 15 February 2022. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  6. ^ "Air India's Mumbai building to be sold to JNPT: Nitin Gadkari". Times of India. 3 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  7. ^ Bureau&, Our. "Mundra pips JNPT to become India's biggest container port". www.thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  8. ^ "Top 10: Mundra busiest container port in India & Australia". supplychaindigital.com. 15 February 2022. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  9. ^ "JNPT Container Terminal". Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust. Archived from the original on 17 October 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  10. ^ "NSICT Private Terminal". Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust. Archived from the original on 17 October 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  11. ^ Arora, Rajat. "JNPT becomes first port in logistics data tagging of containers". The Economics Times. Retrieved 11 May 2018.

External links[edit]