Nhiek Tioulong

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His Excellency Samdech Chakrei
Nhiek Tioulong
Nhiek Tioulong.jpg
20th Prime Minister of Cambodia
In office
13 February 1962 – 6 August 1962
President Norodom Sihanouk
Preceded by Norodom Sihanouk
Succeeded by Chau Sen Cocsal
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
28 January 1961 – 13 February 1962
Prime Minister Penn Nouth
Norodom Sihanouk
Preceded by Tep Phan
Succeeded by Norodom Kantol
Personal details
Born (1908-08-23)23 August 1908
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Died 9 June 1996(1996-06-09) (aged 87)
Hong Kong
Political party FUNCINPEC
Other political
affiliations
Sangkum (1955–70)
Khmer Renovation (1947–55)
Spouse(s) Measketh Samphotre
Children Visakha
Raingsi
Dala
Saumura
Kethy
Antonya
Neva
Profession Politician, author, soldier
Military service
Allegiance  Cambodia
Service/branch Coat of arms of Cambodia (1935–70).svg Royal Cambodian Army
Years of service 1949–1996
Rank General

Nhiek Tioulong (Khmer: ញឹក ជូឡុង; 23 August 1908 – 9 June 1996) was a Cambodian army officer and politician who served as Acting Prime Minister of Cambodia from 13 February 1962 to 6 August 1962. He was a prominent politician during the tenure of Prince Norodom Sihanouk. He also served as Minister for Foreign Affairs in the 1960s and repeatedly as governor of provinces in Cambodia. Tioulong was the father of lawmaker Tioulong Saumura and father-in-law of opposition leader Sam Rainsy.

Biography[edit]

Nhiek Tioulong was born in 1908 in Phnom Penh, in a family of mandarins with Chinese ancestry near the palace. After primary education in Lycee Sisowath in Phnom Penh, he joined the school Chasseloup Laubat in Saigon where he received a bachelor's degree in philosophy. He returned to Cambodia in 1932 and served as governor of Pursat in 1937 and from 1939 to 1944 as governor of Kampong Cham. On March 9, 1945, he was appointed governor of Phnom Penh.

Under the Sisowath Monireth administration, he served as Minister of Finance from 17 October 1945 to 14 December 1946. He also served as Minister of Education during the Son Ngoc Thanh administration. In April 1948, he became the Cambodian government delegate from the French High Commissioner in Indochina and in August of the same year, representative of Cambodia to the High Council of the French Union in Paris. In September, he is part of the French delegation to the UN, as an advisor. On 22 November 1949 he was appointed colonel of the Khmer Royal Army and Chief of Staff. In May 1950, he was appointed as a governor again, of Battambang Province. In 1951, he returned to his position as Minister of Finance.

At the end of December 1953, after Cambodia gained independence, he was appointed the new governor of Phnom Penh and took part in negotiations with the French on the latest skills transfer between the colonial administration and the Cambodian government. On 7 April 1954, he became the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He became the first General of the Royal Cambodian Army. In 1955, he began his career as ambassador, to Japan, Poland, and later Czechoslovakia.

In 1969, he retired to France and remained in the shadows until the mid 1980s when he became vice-president of the National United Front for an Independent, Peaceful and Cooperative Cambodia neutral (FUNCINPEC). This party was created by Norodom Sihanouk to fight the new regime established in Phnom Penh by Vietnamese troops. He led the Funcinpec from 1989 to 1992.

Tioulong died in a Hong Kong hospital on June 9, 1996, aged 87.

Political offices
Preceded by
Norodom Sihanouk
Prime Minister of Cambodia
Acting

1962
Succeeded by
Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum