Niš Constantine the Great Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Niš Constantine the Great Airport

Аеродром Константин Велики Ниш

Aerodrom Konstantin Veliki Niš
Niš – Airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typeInternational/Military
OwnerGovernment of Serbia
OperatorAirports of Serbia
ServesNiš
LocationMedoševac and Popovac,  Serbia
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL650 ft / 198 m
Coordinates43°20′14″N 021°51′13″E / 43.33722°N 21.85361°E / 43.33722; 21.85361Coordinates: 43°20′14″N 021°51′13″E / 43.33722°N 21.85361°E / 43.33722; 21.85361
Websiteini.aerodromisrbije.rs
Map
INI is located in Serbia
INI
INI
Location in Serbia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11R/29L 2,500 8,202 Asphalt
11L/29R 1,700 5,577 Grass
Statistics (2022)
Passengers389,022 Increase
Aircraft movements1,928 Increase
Sources: Serbian AIP at Eurocontrol[1]
Official website[2][3]
Airports of Serbia
Native name
Аеродроми Србије
TypeLimited liability company
IndustryAviation
Founded2 February 2016; 7 years ago (2016-02-02)
FounderGovernment of Serbia
Headquarters
Vazduhoplovaca 24, Niš
,
Key people
Mihajlo Zdravković (Director)
ServicesAirport management
Revenue4.21 million (2020)[4] Increase
€1.16 million (2020)[4] Increase
Total assets€96.30 million (2020)[5] Increase
Total equity€91.62 million (2020)[5] Increase
OwnerGovernment of Serbia (100%)
Number of employees
200 (2020)
SubsidiariesAerodrom Trebinje d.o.o. (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Websitewww.aerodromisrbije.rs
Footnotes / references
Business ID: 07343914
Tax ID: 101531405
[6]

Niš Constantine the Great Airport (Serbian: Аеродром Константин Велики Ниш, romanizedAerodrom Konstantin Veliki Niš) (IATA: INI, ICAO: LYNI), located 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of downtown Niš, in the suburbs of Medoševac and Popovac. It is the second-largest and second-busiest airport in Serbia, after Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport.[1] Niš Military Air Base (Serbian Air Force and Air Defence), the Serbian-Russian Emergency Response Centre and Centre for Aerial Firefighting Duties are all located on the site of the airport.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The first airfield serving the city of Niš was established in 1910, near the village of Donje Međurovo. In the 1930s, then-national airline company Aeroput used the airport for civil service. In 1935, Aeroput included a stop in Niš in its, back then domestic, route linking Belgrade with Skopje.[7]

Following World War II, the airport was used as a military base. Among other units, it was a base for the 63rd Paratroop Brigade and 119th Aviation Brigade. A portion of the airport is still used by the Serbian Air Force and Air Defence. In 1952, at the site of today's airport, the first concrete runway, measuring 1,500 m (4,921 ft), was built and used for military flights. In order to maintain the pace with the development of military as well as civil aircraft, in 1972 the length of the runway was extended to 2,200 m (7,218 ft) to accommodate larger contemporary commercial aircraft.[8]

In the 1970s, the airport was used for occasional service to the Adriatic coast. By the 1980s, this occasional service led the local authorities to recognize the needs of the people living in Niš as well as Southern and Eastern Serbia and took into account the economic development of the city. The association of economic and political entities prepared detailed terms and in 1986 made a decision on establishing the entity "Airport Niš".[8]

The terminal building as well as the ancillary support facilities were built and opened to service in 1986. This project also included the asphalt coated runway and built-in system of lights that provided visual descent guidance during runway approaches at night. The development of air traffic in Niš was not initiated just by JAT Yugoslav Airlines, but also by Slovenian company Inex-Adria Airways (Adria Airways nowadays), although both were domestic airlines back then.[9]

The Breakup of Yugoslavia at the beginning of 1990s brought to the sharp decrease in travelling to the Adriatic Sea, Ljubljana and Zagreb, once the busiest routes from Niš. This was followed by United Nations sanctions imposed on Serbia and Montenegro which included a ban on international air travel. In these circumstances the volume of traffic reached its lowest point with the only route being to Tivat Airport during the summer period. In 1998, the traffic volume increased owing to the heavy air traffic from Pristina International Airport which was out of use because of numerous foggy days during which the traffic was successfully carried out from Niš. The airport was heavily damaged during the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.

The airport was reopened in 2003 with the financial assistance from government of Norway. Damage sustained during the bombing was repaired, including the building of a new control tower and renewal of the terminal building.[10]

In 2004, Jat Airways and Montenegro Airlines resumed flights from Niš to Zurich, Paris, and Tivat. In 2010, Wind Jet connected the airport with Forlì, Italy while Montenegro Airlines linked it with Podgorica on a daily basis. The route to Podgorica was discontinued in 2013 because of low passenger numbers. For more than two years (2014-2015) there were only charter flights to and from Niš.[11]

Recent developments[edit]

The expansion in traffic began in 2015 when low-cost airline Wizz Air launched flights to Basel and Malmö. Shortly after, Ryanair followed the suit by announcing flights to Berlin. In 2016, both Wizzair and Ryanair announced more flights from Niš, respectively Wizzair to Dortmund, Eindhoven, Memmingen and Ryanair to Weeze, Bergamo and Bratislava. Shortly after the launch of these flights Niš experienced triple-digit growth in passenger traffic, exceeding the previous record figure. In October 2016, Turkish Cargo, the airline for the transport of cargo which is a part of Turkish Airlines commenced scheduled cargo service between Niš and Istanbul.[12] In November 2016, Swiss International Air Lines announced flights to Zurich, operated by the Airbus 320. In December 2016, Swiss got direct competition when Germania Flug announced flights to Zurich, starting June 2017 operated by the Airbus 319.

In December 2016, it was announced that Constantine the Great Airport airport began overhaul of its terminal by expanding check-in and boarding space, as well as building a new exterior and fixing the roof. The project is being funded jointly by the Government of Serbia and local authorities. Furthermore, the Serbia and Montenegro Air Traffic Services Agency (SMATSA) plans to start construction of a new control tower next year and will invest a million euros in an instrument landing system (ILS), which provides guidance to aircraft approaching and landing on a runway during low ceilings or reduced visibility due to fog, rain or snow.[13]

In January 2018, the Government of Serbia granted a 25-year concession of the Serbian largest Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport to the French airport operator Vinci Airports for a sum of 501 million euros.[14] As part of the deal, other three Serbian civil airports (Niš Constantine the Great Airport, Ponikve Airport and Morava Airport) are restricted when it comes to annual passenger flow expansion; they are allowed to increase to a maximum of 1 million passengers over the next 12 years.[15]

Plans exist for Niš Constantine the Great Airport to be linked to twelve more European cities, after Government of Serbia publish document about lines of public interests(PSO). Companies with the best offers will be granted 5 million euros. Twelve destinations of public interest are Frankfurt, Rome, Hannover, Ljubljana, Bologna, Budapest, Göteborg, Friedrichshafen, Karlsruhe, Salzburg, Nuremberg, Tivat.[16] Currently, the airport serves the total of fourteen regular non stop destinations in eight countries during the whole year, plus four seasonal and tree seasonal charter flights during peek summer months.[17]

As of 2022 progress has been made in construction of the new Airport terminal. New terminal will span over an area of 7.160 square meters and will feature ten check-in desks, self-check-in stations, eight passport control booths, four passenger gates, one VIP gate, one air bridge and a luggage sorting facility. New terminal is set to be completed in 2024 and the expansion will enable the Airport to handle up to 1.5 million passenger annually. [18]


New terminal construction
New terminal construction
New terminal construction progress as of Aug 2022

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights from Niš Constantine the Great Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Air Serbia Belgrade, Cologne/Bonn, Hahn, Istanbul, Ljubljana
Seasonal: Athens,[19] Tivat, Zurich[20]
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[21] Gazipaşa-Alanya,[22] Hurghada[23]
Ryanair Malta, Stockholm–Arlanda, Vienna
Seasonal: Corfu[24]
Wizz Air Basel/Mulhouse, Dortmund, Malmö, Memmingen, Vienna

Statistics[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at INI airport. See Wikidata query.
Passenger and Flight movements statistics (2004–2022)[25]
Year Passengers Change Aircraft movements Change Cargo (t) Change
2004 19,040 Steady 284 Steady 147 Steady
2005 26,787 Increase 41% 315 Increase 11% 452 Increase 207%
2006 35,518 Increase 33% 382 Increase 12% 112 Decrease 75%
2007 30,453 Decrease 14% 456 Increase 19% 448 Increase 300%
2008 22,870 Decrease 24% 353 Decrease 23% 163 Decrease 64%
2009 17,159 Decrease 25% 349 Decrease 1% 390 Increase 139%
2010 23,627 Increase 38% 558 Increase 60% 1,554 Increase 298%
2011 25,112 Increase 6% 591 Increase 6% 705 Decrease 66%
2012 27,426 Increase 9% 781 Increase 32% 322 Decrease 54%
2013 21,700 Decrease 21% 497 Decrease 36% 343 Increase 10%
2014 1,335 Decrease 93% 271 Decrease 45% 285 Decrease 19%
2015 36,200 Increase 2,611% 526 Increase 94% 553 Increase 91%
2016 124,917 Increase 345% 722 Increase 37% 1,967 Increase 355%
2017 331,582 Increase 165.4% 1,477 Increase 104.6% 2,537 Increase 29.3%
2018 351,582 Increase 6% 1,417 Decrease 4% 688 Decrease 74.5%
2019 422,255 Increase 20% 1,967 Increase 39% 1,180 Increase 71.5%
2020 154,233 Decrease 63% 1,011 Decrease 49% 523 Decrease 56%
2021 146,296 Decrease 5% 1,040 Increase 3% 310 Decrease 32.2%
2022 389,022[26] Increase 166% 1928[27] Increase 85% 91[28] Decrease 70%

Niš Military Air Base[edit]

The Sergeant-pilot Mihajlo Petrović Air Base (Serbian: Војни аеродром наредник-пилот Михајло Петровић, romanizedVojni aerodrom pukovnik-pilot Mihajlo Petrović), commonly known as Niš Air Base (Serbian: Војни аеродром Ниш, romanizedVojni aerodrom Niš) is located at the airport. Operated by the Serbian Air Force and Air Defence, base is home to the 119th Mixed Helicopter Squadron "Dragons" of the 98th Air Brigade. It is also home to the elite 63rd Parachute Brigade, special forces unit.[29]

Emergency Response Centre[edit]

In 2009, the Serbian Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations established a joint Serbian-Russian Emergency Response Centre at the Niš Constantine the Great Airport, also known as Russian-Serbian Humanitarian Center. In 2011, a Russian Mil Mi-26 and Beriev Be-200 were dispatched to this centre for aerial firefighting duties in the region.[30] The centre was put into operation in 2012.[31]

Transport links[edit]

Public Transport[edit]

There are two bus lines operated by city public bus company (PE Directorate for Public Urban Transport Niš) that connects airport to the city center and most of the Niš suburbs - line 34A (Airport-Central Bus Station-Central Railway station-Airport) and 34B (Airport-Central Railway station-Central Bus Station-Airport).[32] One single ticket costs around 80 dinars (0,68 euro) and can be purchased directly in the bus. Buses are running every 20 to 30 minutes.[33]On the following website you can check all the public transport lines operated by PE Directorate for Public Urban Transport Niš: https://www.jgpnis.rs/red-voznje/

Taxi Service[edit]

Approximately 50 meters on the left side when exit passenger terminal is a parking lot and a taxi stand. If you are planning on traveling by taxi, all of the registered taxi companies charge around 80 dinars start prize (0.68 euros) plus the prize to the destination. Depending on your destination, the ride may cost anywhere from 250 dinars (2.13 euros) to the city center in Niš and up to 800 dinars (6.82 euros) to Niška Banja.[34]The most popular registered taxi companies are: Prvi Taxi Niš (https://prvi.taxi), Eko Taxi (https://ekotaxi.rs) and BROS TAXI NIŠ (https://www.brostaxi.rs).

Rent a Car[edit]

There are nine rent a car agencies available at the airport.[35] Those are: Avis (www.avis.com), Budget (www.budget.rs), Europcar (www.europcar.rs), Hertz (www.hertz.rs), Greenmotion (www.rentacarnis.rs), Inex Lux (www.nisrentacar.rs), Yu tim (www.yutim.rs), Sixt (www.sixt.rs), AR Rent-a-car (www.arrentacar.rs).[36]

Parking at the Airport[edit]

Niš Constantin the Great Airport has parking in front of the terminal building that works 24 hours every day. First 15 minutes are free of charge, and after you have to pay. The prices can be found here: https://nipark.rs/cenovnik/ and it is possible to pay with cash or bank cards.[37]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". www.ead.eurocontrol.int.
  2. ^ Niš Constantine the Great Airport. "Official website" (in Serbian). Retrieved 4 May 2007.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Statistics - Nis Constantine the Great Airport".
  4. ^ a b "Bilans uspeha (2020)". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Bilans stanja (2020)". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  6. ^ "Основни подаци о привредном друштву". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Serbian Business Registers Agency. Retrieved 24 February 2018.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Drustvo za Vazdusni Saobracaj A D – Aeroput (1927-1948) at europeanairlines.no
  8. ^ a b "History - Nis Constantine the Great Airport".
  9. ^ "History – Niš Constantine the Great Airport".
  10. ^ "History – Niš Constantine the Great Airport".
  11. ^ "History – Niš Constantine the Great Airport".
  12. ^ "Serbia: Turkish Cargo make Nis airport its regional center - Transport - ANSAMed.it". www.ansamed.info. 8 November 2016.
  13. ^ "EX-YU Aviation News".
  14. ^ "Pala odluka: Kome će "Nikola Tesla"". b92.net (in Serbian). Tanjug. 5 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  15. ^ Miladinović, Z. (17 January 2018). "Najava novog "gušenja"". danas.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Vlada odlučila: Od 1. jula 12 PSO linija na "Konstantinu Velikom"; Knežević: Sledeće godine očekujemo više od pola miliona putnika". tangosix.rs. 29 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Destinations – Niš Constantine the Great Airport".
  18. ^ link, Get; Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Email; Apps, Other. "Niš Airport begins construction of new terminal". Retrieved 7 December 2022. {{cite web}}: |last2= has generic name (help)
  19. ^ "The Most Notable New Airline Routes This Week". February 2022.
  20. ^ "Air Serbia to launch new Niš service".
  21. ^ "Barcino Tours: Od 19.juna čarter letovi za Antaliju iz Niša". flyfromnis.blogspot.com. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  22. ^ "Barcino Tours: Od 18. juna iz Niša avionom do Antalije, Alanje i Hurgade uz specijalne popuste". flyfromnis.blogspot.com. Retrieved 30 March 2022.
  23. ^ "Air Serbia to begin Niš - Egypt charters". exyuaviation.com. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  24. ^ "Ryanair to launch flights from Niš to Greece".
  25. ^ https://ini.aerodromisrbije.rs/en/statistics/
  26. ^ https://ini.aerodromisrbije.rs/statistika/
  27. ^ https://ini.aerodromisrbije.rs/statistika/
  28. ^ https://ini.aerodromisrbije.rs/statistika/
  29. ^ "PIONIR SRPSKE AVIJACIJE DOBIO SVOJ DOM: Vojni aerodrom u Nišu poneo ime legendarnog pilota Mihajla Petrovića". 23 September 2018.
  30. ^ "Russian water bomber, helicopter land in airport in south". B92. 30 August 2011. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
  31. ^ "Serbia and Russia launch joint emergency center". B92. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  32. ^ https://www.busevi.com/red-voznje/linija-34-aerodrom-nis-autobuska-stanica-zeleznicka-stanica-aerodrom-nis/
  33. ^ "Ред вожње - Јавни градски превоз Ниш". Archived from the original on 11 September 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  34. ^ "By Taxi – Niš Constantine the Great Airport".
  35. ^ "Rent a Car – Niš Constantine the Great Airport".
  36. ^ "Rent a Car – Niš Constantine the Great Airport".
  37. ^ https://nipark.rs

External links[edit]

Media related to Niš Constantine the Great Airport at Wikimedia Commons