|• Mayor||Marie Gryžboňová Mališová|
|• Total||3.77 km2 (1.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||359 m (1,178 ft)|
|• Density||69/km2 (180/sq mi)|
Nižní Lhoty (Polish: Ligota Dolna) is a small village in the Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of 258 (2006). It lies on the Morávka River, in the historical region of Těšín Silesia.
Some sources state that the village was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as item Rudgeri villa, however it is very unlikely and disputed.[a] Far more likely it was later mentioned in 1434 as Lhoty and in 1450 as Rozkowu Lhotu. Later up the Morávka river the sister settlement of Vyšní Lhoty was established. They were then both mentioned in 1584 as Dolny neb Spodny Lhota (Nižní Lhoty) and Hornÿ Lhota (Vyšní Lhoty).
Politically the village belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1573 it was sold as one of 16 villages and the town of Friedeck and formed a state country split from the Duchy of Teschen.
After World War I and fall of Austria-Hungary it became a part of Czechoslovakia. In March 1939 it became a part of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. After World War II it was restored to Czechoslovakia.
- This leaves the question what happened to Rudgeri villa, as it indeed lay somewhere in the vicinity but is now considered lost. It was probably absorbed by another nearby village, but not necessarily by Nižní Lhoty.
- Mrózek, Robert (1984). Nazwy miejscowe dawnego Śląska Cieszyńskiego [Local names of former Cieszyn Silesia] (in Polish). Katowice: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach. p. 106. ISSN 0208-6336.
- Schulte, Wilhelm (1889). Codex Diplomaticus Silesiae T.14 Liber Fundationis Episcopatus Vratislaviensis (in German). Breslau.
- "Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis" (in Latin). Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 307. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5.
- Panic, Idzi (2011). Śląsk Cieszyński w początkach czasów nowożytnych (1528-1653) [Cieszyn Silesia in the beginnings of Modern Era (1528-1653)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 224. ISBN 978-83-926929-5-9.
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