NiUnaMenos (Peru)

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#NiUnaMenos (Peru)
NiUnaMenos Peru.jpg
NiUnaMenos of Lima
Date 13 August 2016
25 November 2017
Location Lima, Peru
Cause Protest against femicides and violence against women in Peru
Participants 200,000—500,000 (2016)
Tens of thousands (2017)

#NiUnaMenos (Spanish: Not one less) is a Peruvian group against femicides and violence against women in the Andean country.[1][2][3] The movement was formed in July 2016, and the march it staged in August 2016 has been characterized as the largest demonstration in Peruvian history[1]

Background[edit]

Statistics[edit]

According to Peru's National Statistics Institute 2014 survey, 32.3% of Peruvian women had at some point experienced physical violence from a spouse or partner,[4] and 11.9% had experienced such in the previous 12 months.[5] The country's national human rights ombudsman's office has estimated that every month 10 women are killed by their partners.[6] A 2015 study by the same office revealed that from January 2009 to October 2015, 795 femicides were committed, but the courts had issued only 84 sentences between 2012 and 2015.[7] In 81% of the cases of attempted femicide no measures were taken by authorities to protect the survivor, and 24% of women who turned to the justice system for help were later murdered by the very men from whom they had sought protection.[7]

In 2017, between January and September there were 94 femicides, 5,707 sexual assaults and 21,000 assaults. Of the 5,707 sexual assaults, 71.33% of victims were children.[8]

Movement[edit]

The protest was called as a show of indignation following the freeing from jail of convicted batterer Adriano Pozo Arias.[9] In July 2015 Pozo had been captured on video attacking his girlfriend, lawyer Cindy Arlette Contreras Bautista, in a hotel in the city of Ayacucho, and dragging her by the hair.[10] The attack left her with damage to one of her legs, necessitating the use of a cane.[11] On 22 July 2016 a three-judge panel issued Pozo a 1-year suspended prison sentence and ordered him released from jail.[12]

Protests[edit]

2016[edit]

The demonstration was called with the hashtags "#NiUnaMenos" and "#A13", and the slogan "If they lay a hand on one of us, they lay a hand on all of us" (Si tocan a una, tocan a todas).[9] The protest took place in the streets of Lima, and other cities,[13][14] on August 13, 2016.

The march in Lima started at the El Campo de Marte park, and proceeded to Plaza San Martín in Lima's historic downtown, before ending with a rally before the Palace of Justice.[15] It was attended by an estimated 200,000[16] to 500,000[17][18] people (though at least one news outlet puts the figure at 1 million[19]), comprising a column 30 blocks long,[20][21] led by Cindy Arlette Contreras Bautista, Lady Guillén, and other women who had survived violence.[15] It has been characterized as the largest march in Peruvian history.[1][2][3]

2017[edit]

On 25 November 2017, NiUnaMenos again organized tens of thousands of Peruvians to march against violence towards women. The march began near the Palace of Justice and concluded in Plaza San Martín.[22]

2018[edit]

On 2 June 2018, after the death of Eyvi Ágreda, a 22 years-old woman who was burned to death by her stalker, NiUnaMenos protesters were teargassed by police as they demonstrated outside the Palace of Justice in Lima demanding justice in femicide cases and an end to impunity.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "La larga marcha". Diario UNO (in Spanish). August 14, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "La màs grande de la historia". La República (in Spanish). August 14, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Antonio Zapata (August 17, 2016). "Sábado 13 de agosto". La República (in Spanish). Retrieved August 17, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Violencia de Género. Cuadro 8.1 Perǘ: Violencia física contra la mujer ejercida alguna vez por parte del esposo o compañero, segǘn ámbito geográfico". Instituto Nacional de Estadística (in Spanish). 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Violencia de Género. Cuadro 8.2 Perǘ: Violencia física contra la mujer ejercida alguna vez por parte del esposo o compañero en los ǘltimos 12 meses, segǘn ámbito geográfico". Instituto Nacional de Estadística (in Spanish). 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Defensoría: Cada mes 10 mujeres son asesinadas por sus parejas". El Comercio (in Spanish). August 8, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Tras la presentación del Informe №173: Defensoría del Pueblo pide sanciones más drásticas y efectivas frente al delito de feminicidio. Nota de Prensa №268/OCII/DP/2015" (PDF) (in Spanish). December 10, 2015. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  8. ^ "#NiUnaMenos: miles de mujeres marcharán para rechazar la violencia". Perú.com (in Spanish). 25 November 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2017. 
  9. ^ a b "Convocan en Facebook a marcha 'Ni Una Menos' ante la violencia contra la mujer". RPP Noticias (in Spanish). July 22, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Minuto a minuto de la agresión de Adriano Pozo a Cindy Contreras". Frecuencia Latina. July 19, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  11. ^ Beatríz Pascual Macías (29 March 2017). "Arlette Contreras, la mujer que venció al dolor y lucha contra los femicidios". El País. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  12. ^ "Corte Superior de Justicia de Ayacucho, Juzgado Penal Colegiado de Huamanga. Expediente 01641-2015-0501-JR-PE-01. Sentencia" (in Spanish). 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Ni una menos: Las regiones marcharon contra la violencia de género". La República (in Spanish). August 13, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  14. ^ "#NiUnaMenos: Las movilizaciones en el interior del país". El Comercio (in Spanish). August 13, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b "#NiUnaMenos: Así fue la marcha contra la violencia a la mujer". El Comercio (in Spanish). August 14, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  16. ^ "El Perú de pie contra la violencia de género". Diario UNO (in Spanish). August 14, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Decenas de miles participaron en la marcha Ni Una Menos en todo el país". RPP Noticias (in Spanish). August 13, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  18. ^ ""Ni una menos" la marcha de Perú contra la violencia de género". Noticia Al Día (in Spanish). August 16, 2016. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  19. ^ "#NiUnaMenos: Víctimas de maltrato, políticos y artistas exigen mano dura contra pegalones. Un millón de peruanos dijeron "Ni una menos" y marcharon en Lima en rechazo a los feminicidios y todo tipo de agresiones contra ellas". Ojo.pe (in Spanish). August 14, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2016. 
  20. ^ "Ni Una Menos: miles marcharon contra la violencia hacia la mujer". La República (in Spanish). August 13, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  21. ^ "Perú. Ni Una Menos: miles marcharon contra la violencia hacia la mujer. Filas de manifestantes ocuparon más de 30 cuadras". Resumen Latinoamericano (in Spanish). August 13, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2016. 
  22. ^ "#NiUnaMenos: así fue la marcha en Lima contra violencia a mujeres". Perú.com (in Spanish). 25 November 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2017. 
  23. ^ "Fury over Peru president's reaction to woman's murder by stalker". The Guardian. 8 June 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.