Niassa, Province of Mozambique
|• Total||122,827 km2 (47,424 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,836 m (6,024 ft)|
|Population (2007 census)|
|• Density||9.5/km2 (25/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||(+258) 271|
Niassa is a province of Mozambique. It has an area of 122,827 km2 and a population of 1,027,037 (2006). It is the most sparsely populated province in the country. Lichinga is the capital of the province. There are a minimum estimated 450,000 Yao people living in Mozambique. They largely occupy the eastern and northern part of the Niassa province and form about 40% of the population of Lichinga, the capital of this province.
The Ruvuma River forms much of the northern boundary of the province with Tanzania while Lake Niassa forms the western border of the province, separating it from Malawi. 75% of the province remains untouched by development, and remains free of landmines. The province shares the Niassa National Reserve with neighboring Cabo Delgado Province.
In 1998, a provincial college was built in Lichinga to train teachers. Partially financed by the Irish Embassy in Maputo, it graduates 60 teachers a year. Apart from training teachers for local schools, the college offers primary school education to the local Lichinga community and works towards reducing the impact of HIV/AIDS in Niassa province.
The 15 districts of Niassa Province are:
- Cuamba District
- Lago District
- Lichinga District
- Majune District
- Mandimba District
- Marrupa District
- Maúa District
- Mavagoago District
- Mecenhelas District
- Mecula District
- Metarica District
- Muembe District
- N'gauma District
- Nipepe District
- Sanga District
Niassa Province includes the municipalities of:
- "Total Population By Provinces - 2006". Instituto Nacional de Estatística. Archived from the original on November 24, 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
- "Niassa". Retrieved 2009-12-31.
- "The Lions of Niassa". Fauna and Flora International. 2009. Archived from the original on November 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-31.
- "Teacher Training College Niassa". Retrieved 2009-12-31.
- (Portuguese) Province of Niassa official site
- (Portuguese) including information about districts
- (English) Niassa National Reserve official website