Niassa Province

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 13°15′S 36°30′E / 13.250°S 36.500°E / -13.250; 36.500

A street in Mandimba, Niassa, Mozambique.jpg
Niassa, Province of Mozambique
Niassa, Province of Mozambique
 • Total129,056 km2 (49,829 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,836 m (6,024 ft)
 (2017 census)
 • Total1,810,794
 • Density14/km2 (36/sq mi)
Postal code
Area code(+258) 271
HDI (2019)0.425[1]
low · 8th of 11
Lake Malawi in the part that corresponds to Mozambique

Niassa is a province of Mozambique. It has an area of 129,056 km2 and a population of 1,810,794 (2017).[2] It is the most sparsely populated province in the country.[3] Lichinga is the capital of the province. There are a minimum estimated 450,000 Yao people living in Mozambique. They largely occupy the eastern and northern part of the Niassa province and form about 40% of the population of Lichinga, the capital of this province.

The Ruvuma River forms much of the northern boundary of the province with Ruvuma Region, Tanzania while Lake Niassa forms the western border of the province, separating it from Malawi. 75% of the province remains untouched by development, and remains free of landmines.[3] The province shares the Niassa National Reserve with neighboring Cabo Delgado Province.[4]


Niassa Province is divided into the 15 districts of:

and the municipalities of:


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.


Religion in Niassa Province[6]

  Islam (59.03%)
  Christianity (37.65%)
  Irreligious (0.74%)
  Other Religion (1.50%)
  Unknown (1.08%)


In 1998, a provincial college was built in Lichinga to train teachers. Partially financed by the Irish Embassy in Maputo, it graduates 60 teachers a year. Apart from training teachers for local schools, the college offers primary school education to the local Lichinga community and works towards reducing the impact of HIV/AIDS in Niassa province.[7]


  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ "Total Population By Provinces - 2006". Instituto Nacional de Estatística. Archived from the original on November 24, 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
  3. ^ a b "Niassa". Archived from the original on 2009-04-08. Retrieved 2009-12-31.
  4. ^ "The Lions of Niassa". Fauna and Flora International. 2009. Archived from the original on November 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-31.
  5. ^ Cameroon: Administrative Division population statistics
  6. ^ "QUADRO 11. POPULAÇÃO POR RELIGIÃO, SEGUNDO ÁREA DE RESIDÊNCIA, IDADE E SEXO. PROVINCIA DO NIASSA, 2017.xlsx — Instituto Nacional de Estatistica". (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2022-03-17.
  7. ^ "Teacher Training College Niassa". Archived from the original on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2009-12-31.

External links[edit]

External links[edit]